Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II

Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the 5th Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum. His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam 'Ali Khan Siddiqi, Fateh Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan. Sawānih-i-Deccan, a Persian work compiled by Munim Khan, a military commander during the era of Asaf Jah II gave more insight about administration of Asaf Jahis.[1][2]

Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah II
The 5th Nizam of Hyderabad State
5th Nizam of Hyderabad
Reign8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803
PredecessorSalabat Jung
SuccessorAsaf Jah III
Born7 March 1734
Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in India)
Died6 August 1803 (aged 69)
Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in Telangana, India)
Noble familyAsaf Jahi dynasty
FatherQamar-ud-din Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah I
MotherUmda Begum
Military career
AllegianceMughal Empire
Service/branchNizam of Hyderabad
Battles/warsMughal-Maratha Wars, Anglo-Mysore Wars

Nizam of Hyderabad Edit

Faujdar of the Deccan Edit

Nizam Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander.

Shah Alam II' – Subedar of the Deccan Edit

After the Marathas were routed during the Third Battle of Panipat in the year 1761, Nizam Ali and his army of 60,000 immediately advanced and repulsed them as far as Puna and forced them to sue for lasting peace. Nizam Ali then seized the Bidar Fort and later arrested Salabat Jung, this action of Nizam Ali Khan was ratified by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who issued a Firman terminating Salabat Jung (supported by the French East India Company), from his position as the Subedar of Deccan and appointing Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II as his successor.[3]

Supporting Shah Alam II Edit

Immediately after recapturing the throne Shah Alam II in 1772, came under the influence of Nizam Ali Khan the Nizam of Hyderabad.

Nizam's intervention against the Peshwa Edit

In 1762, Raghunathrao allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa. The Nizam marched towards Poona, but little did he know that Rughunathrao was going to betray him. In 1763, Madhavrao I along with Rughunathrao defeated Nizam at Battle of Rakshasbhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas.[citation needed]

In 1795, he was defeated by Madhavrao II's Marathas at the Battle of Kharda and was forced to cede Daulatabad, Aurangabad and Sholapur and pay an indemnity of Rs. 30 million.[4]

A French general, Monsieur Raymond, served as his military leader, strategist and advisor.[5]

Fall of Mysore Edit

The following year, he realized that the fall of Tipu Sultan was imminent and thus, he entered into a Subsidiary alliance with the British East India Company.[6] Thus Hyderabad, which is in both area and population comparable to the United Kingdom, became a princely state within the British Raj.[citation needed]

Death Edit

Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on 6 August 1803.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Journal: Humanities. Section A., Volumes 33-36". University of Madras. 1961. p. 141.
  2. ^ Taher Mohamed (2021). Handbook of Research on the Role of Libraries, Archives, and Museums in Achieving Civic Engagement and Social Justice in Smart Cities. IGI Global. p. 110. ISBN 9781799883654.
  3. ^ History of modern Deccan, 1720/1724-1948: Volume 1
  4. ^ The Marathas 1600–1818, Band 2 by Stewart Gordon p.169
  5. ^ "Raymond's tomb languishes in neglect". The Hindu. 30 May 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  6. ^ Hasan, Mohibbul (1971). History of Tipu Sultan (2nd ed.). Calcutta: THE WORLD PRESS PRIVATE LTD. p. 291.

External links Edit

Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II
Preceded by Nizam of Hyderabad
8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803
Succeeded by