Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the 5th Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum. His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam 'Ali Khan Siddiqi, Fateh Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan. Sawānih-i-Deccan, a Persian work compiled by Munim Khan, a military commander during the era of Asaf Jah II gave more insight about administration of Asaf Jahis.
Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah II
|The 5th Nizam of Hyderabad State|
|5th Nizam of Hyderabad|
|Reign||8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803|
|Successor||Asaf Jah III|
|Born||7 March 1734|
Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in India)
|Died||6 August 1803 (aged 69)|
Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in Telangana, India)
|Noble family||Asaf Jahi dynasty|
|Father||Qamar-ud-din Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah I|
|Service/||Nizam of Hyderabad|
|Battles/wars||Mughal-Maratha Wars, Anglo-Mysore Wars|
Nizam of Hyderabad Edit
Faujdar of the Deccan Edit
Nizam Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander.
Shah Alam II' – Subedar of the Deccan Edit
After the Marathas were routed during the Third Battle of Panipat in the year 1761, Nizam Ali and his army of 60,000 immediately advanced and repulsed them as far as Puna and forced them to sue for lasting peace. Nizam Ali then seized the Bidar Fort and later arrested Salabat Jung, this action of Nizam Ali Khan was ratified by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who issued a Firman terminating Salabat Jung (supported by the French East India Company), from his position as the Subedar of Deccan and appointing Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II as his successor.
Supporting Shah Alam II Edit
Nizam's intervention against the Peshwa Edit
In 1762, Raghunathrao allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa. The Nizam marched towards Poona, but little did he know that Rughunathrao was going to betray him. In 1763, Madhavrao I along with Rughunathrao defeated Nizam at Battle of Rakshasbhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas.
Fall of Mysore Edit
The following year, he realized that the fall of Tipu Sultan was imminent and thus, he entered into a Subsidiary alliance with the British East India Company. Thus Hyderabad, which is in both area and population comparable to the United Kingdom, became a princely state within the British Raj.
Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on 6 August 1803.
See also Edit
- "Journal: Humanities. Section A., Volumes 33-36". University of Madras. 1961. p. 141.
- Taher Mohamed (2021). Handbook of Research on the Role of Libraries, Archives, and Museums in Achieving Civic Engagement and Social Justice in Smart Cities. IGI Global. p. 110. ISBN 9781799883654.
- History of modern Deccan, 1720/1724-1948: Volume 1
- The Marathas 1600–1818, Band 2 by Stewart Gordon p.169
- "Raymond's tomb languishes in neglect". The Hindu. 30 May 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Hasan, Mohibbul (1971). History of Tipu Sultan (2nd ed.). Calcutta: THE WORLD PRESS PRIVATE LTD. p. 291.