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Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (Spanish pronunciation: [alˈfɾeðo ˈpeɾeθ ruβalˈkaβa]; 28 July 1951 – 10 May 2019) was a Spanish statesman, politician and chemist who served as Deputy Prime Minister of Spain from 2010 to 2011, and previously as Minister of Education from 1992 to 1993, as Minister of the Presidency from 1993 to 1996, as Minister of the Interior from 2006 to 2011 and as acting Minister of Defence between May and June 2008.[1]


Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba

Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba 2012c (cropped).jpg
Leader of the Opposition
In office
20 December 2011 – 26 July 2014
MonarchJuan Carlos I
Felipe VI
Prime MinisterMariano Rajoy
Preceded byMariano Rajoy
Succeeded byPedro Sánchez
Secretary General of the
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
In office
4 February 2012 – 26 July 2014
PresidentJosé Antonio Griñán
DeputyElena Valenciano
Preceded byJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Succeeded byPedro Sánchez
First Deputy Prime Minister
In office
21 October 2010 – 12 July 2011
Prime MinisterJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded byMaría Teresa Fernández de la Vega
Succeeded byElena Salgado
Spokesperson of the Government
In office
21 October 2010 – 12 July 2011
Prime MinisterJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded byMaría Teresa Fernández de la Vega
Succeeded byJosé Blanco López
In office
13 July 1993 – 6 May 1996
Prime MinisterFelipe González
Preceded byVirgilio Zapatero Gómez
Succeeded byFrancisco Álvarez Cascos
Minister of the Interior
In office
11 April 2006 – 12 July 2011
Prime MinisterJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded byJosé Antonio Alonso
Succeeded byAntonio Camacho Vizcaíno
Leader of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party in the Congress of Deputies
In office
14 March 2004 – 11 April 2006
Preceded byJesús Caldera
Succeeded byDiego López Garrido
Minister of the Presidency
In office
13 July 1993 – 6 May 1996
Prime MinisterFelipe González
Preceded byVirgilio Zapatero Gómez
Succeeded byFrancisco Álvarez Cascos
Minister of Education and Science
In office
24 June 1992 – 12 July 1993
Prime MinisterFelipe González
Preceded byJavier Solana
Succeeded byGustavo Suárez Pertierra
Member of the Congress of Deputies
In office
5 December 2011 – 2 September 2014
ConstituencyMadrid
In office
24 March 2008 – 13 December 2011
ConstituencyCádiz
In office
31 March 2004 – 15 January 2008
ConstituencyCantabria
In office
26 March 1996 – 2 April 2004
ConstituencyMadrid
In office
24 June 1993 – 9 January 1996
ConstituencyToledo
Personal details
Born(1951-07-28)28 July 1951
Solares, Spain
Died10 May 2019(2019-05-10) (aged 67)
Majadahonda, Spain
Cause of deathStroke
Political partyPSOE
Spouse(s)Pilar Goya (1979–2019)
Alma materComplutense University of Madrid

He also served as Leader of the Opposition from 2011 to 2014 and as Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 2012 to 2014. He obtained a PhD in Organic Chemistry at the Complutense University of Madrid.

Contents

Life and careerEdit

He was born in Solares village, municipality of Medio Cudeyo, in the province of Santander. Moved at age 3 to Madrid with his family, he studied at the Colegio del Pilar.[2] He obtained a doctorate in chemistry at Complutense University in Madrid, where he went on to become a professor of chemistry, specialising in reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry. He represented Toledo in Congress from 1993 to 1996, Madrid from 1996 until 2004, Cantabria from 2004 to 2008 and, despite not being Andalusian, was put forward for the safe parliamentary seat of Cádiz in the 2008 election, which he won.[3][4][5] He was also a passionate and practitioner of athletics, reaching the 100 meter run in 11 seconds.[6]

González cabinetEdit

Rubalcaba was appointed Secretary of State for Education in 1986 and in 1992 he was promoted to Minister of Education and Science[7] by Prime Minister Felipe González. After the 1993 general election he was appointed Minister of the Presidency and Relations with the Cortes and Spokesperson of the Government[8] until 1996 when his party lost the general election. He he was re-elected MP for Madrid. As a Minister he had to face the accusations that involved the government of Felipe González with the GAL paramilitary group.[9][10]

Interior Minister and Deputy Prime MinisterEdit

For the 2004 Spanish general election, Rubalcaba was responsible for the electoral strategy of the PSOE. Some political analysts attribute him a decisive role in the socialist victory.[citation needed]

After the constitution of the Cortes Generales, Pérez Rubalcaba was appointed Leader of the Socialist Group in the Congress of Deputies. On 11 April 2006 he replaced José Antonio Alonso as head of the Ministry of the Interior. It was in this ministry where he gained popularity within his party, thanks, among other measures, to the change of direction in the fight against terrorism that led to the end of the violence of ETA. However, several media and political parties accused Rubalcaba of being involved in the Faisán case, about an extortion network of ETA, a fact that has not been verified.[11]

After the socialist victory in the general elections of 2008, Pérez Rubalcaba was renewed in the ministerial portfolio, occupying again the position of Minister of the Interior to exercise during the IX Legislature.[12] Between 20 May and 30 June 2008 he assumed the duties of Minister of Defense temporarily during the maternity leave of the head of the department, Carme Chacón, combining these functions with his work in front of Interior.[13][14]

 
Rubalcaba succeeding Fernández de la Vega

He replaced on 21 October 2010 María Teresa Fernández de la Vega as First Deputy Prime Minister and Spokesperson of the Government, accumulating these charges to the head of the Interior portfolio.[15][16]

On 10 January 2011, ETA declared that their September 2010 ceasefire would be permanent and verifiable by international observers.[17] On 20 October 2011, the Basque terrorist group, after 43 years of activity and more than 800 deaths in Spain, announced its definitive cessation of violence.[18]

Premiership candidateEdit

As it became assumed that President Zapatero was not going to seek reelection he became favorite to succeed him with Carme Chacón as his only rival in the primaries. Nevertheless, in May 2011, Chacón announced that she was withdrawing from the race and in June the Party announced that no other candidate had filed and Rubalcaba became the PSOE's candidate to the premiership for the 2011 general elections.[19] On 8 July 2011, he resigned from his duties in the government in order to focus on the general election campaign, which he lost getting the worst results in PSOE's history.[20]

He filed to succeed José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero as PSOE's General Secretary and won the vote, held in 6 February 2012[21]. He received 487 votes against 465 for Carme Chacón.[22][23]

Stepping down and later lifeEdit

Due to the bad results of the party in the 2014 European Parliament election, on 26 May 2014 he resigned of the office.[24] After a leadership election, Rubalcaba was succeeded by the newly elected Secretary General Pedro Sánchez on 13 July 2014.

 
Rubalcaba in January 2019 with Josep Piqué (right)

In September 2016 it was announced that Pérez Rubalcaba rejoined his position as Chemistry professor at the Complutense University of Madrid[25] and, in addition, he joined the editorial board of the Spanish newspaper El País, of which he was part until July 2018.[26]

Amid the 2019 Madrid City Council election, on 26 December 2018 he rejected the proposal of Pedro Sánchez to be the PSOE candidate for mayor of Madrid.[27]

DeathEdit

Rubalcaba was admitted to the Puerta de Hierro Hospital, in Majadahonda, on 8 May 2019, after suffering a severe stroke.[28][29] He died two days later aged 67.[30][31][32]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Spain: Rubalcaba, official who helped end militant ETA, dies
  2. ^ Arce, Pedro (10 May 2019). "Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba el ministro de Solares, por Pedro Arce". Cantabria Liberal.
  3. ^ Rubalcaba, el político que lo fue casi todo (in Spanish)
  4. ^ Adiós a un político de Estado (in Spanish)
  5. ^ Rubalcaba, el ministro del Interior que vivió el fin de la violencia de ETA (in Spanish)
  6. ^ Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, un velocista que sufrió con el caso Marta Domínguez (in Spanish)
  7. ^ Javier Solana y Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, nuevos ministros de Asuntos Exteriores y de Educación (in Spanish)
  8. ^ Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba fallece a los 67 años (in Spanish)
  9. ^ "Ni toleré el GAL ni lo consentí ni lo organicé" (in Spanish)
  10. ^ Damborenea acusa a González de autorizar los GAL (in Spanish)
  11. ^ «El «Caso Faisán», «Caso Rubalcaba».» (in Spanish)
  12. ^ Los 17 ministerios del nuevo Gobierno de Zapatero (in Spanish)
  13. ^ Rubalcaba suplirá a Chacón en Defensa durante la baja maternal (in Spanish)
  14. ^ REAL DECRETO 860/2008, de 19 de mayo, por el que se dispone la suplencia de la Ministra de Defensa. (in Spanish)
  15. ^ Zapatero remodela su Gobierno, con Rubalcaba como vicepresidente primero (in Spanish)
  16. ^ Zapatero cede y sitúa a Rubalcaba como nuevo hombre fuerte de su Gobierno (in Spanish)
  17. ^ ETA declares permanent ceasefire, The Guardian, 10 January 2011
  18. ^ ETA pone fin a 43 años de terror (in Spanish)
  19. ^ Exit plan:The Socialists contemplate who would be their best new leader The Economist 7 April 2011
  20. ^ Rubalcaba bate la peor marca del PSOE en 30 años (in Spanish)
  21. ^ En directo: Rubalcaba cierra el congreso (in Spanish)
  22. ^ elperiodicodeaqui.com http://www.elperiodicodeaqui.com/noticia/alfredo-perez-rubalcaba-gana-carme-chacon-por-22-votos-diferencia/15251 Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Perfil de Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, nuevo secretario general del PSOE (in Spanish)
  24. ^ Sanz, Luis Ángel (26 May 2014). "Rubalcaba se va". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid: Unidad Editorial Información General S.L.U. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  25. ^ Servimedia (29 September 2014). "Rubalcaba comenzará su actividad docente en la Complutense con seminarios de Química Orgánica". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba se incorpora al consejo editorial de El País". El Diario (in Spanish). 8 September 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  27. ^ "Rubalcaba rechaza la oferta de Pedro Sánchez para ser candidato al Ayuntamiento de Madrid". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  28. ^ "Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, a key figure in Spanish politics, dies aged 67". El País. 10 May 2019.
  29. ^ Marcos, José (9 May 2019). "Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, ingresado en estado grave tras haber sufrido un ictus". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  30. ^ Hernández, Marisol (10 May 2019). "Muere Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba a los 67 años tras sufrir un ictus". El Mundo (in Spanish). Unidad Editorial Información General S.L.U. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  31. ^ Loren, Eduardo (10 May 2019). "La vida política de Rubalcaba en imágenes" [The political life of Rubalcaba in pictures]. Huffington Post (in Spanish).
  32. ^ Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, 67, Dies; Helped End Basque Terrorism

External linksEdit