Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston

Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston of Callandar PC (c. 1500–1553) was the guardian of Mary, Queen of Scots, during her childhood.

Early lifeEdit

Alexander Livingston was born c. 1500 in Callendar, Stirling, Scotland.[1] He was the eldest surviving son of Agnes (née Hepburn) Livingston and William Livingston, 4th Lord Livingston of Callendar, and succeeded his father to the title of Lord Livingston in about 1518. Among his siblings was younger brother William Livingston, Captain of the Royal Castle of Kirkwall, and younger sister, Margaret Livingston, who married John Hay, 4th Lord Hay of Yester.[2]

His paternal grandparents were James Livingston, 3rd Lord Livingston, and Agnes (née Houston) Livingston.[3] His maternal grandparents were Alexander Hepburn of Whitsome (third son of Patrick Hepburn, 1st Lord Hailes) and Janet (née Napier) Hepburn, daughter of Sir Alexander Napier of Merchiston. His maternal uncle was James Hepburn, the Bishop of Moray.[2]


In 1522, Livingston was a commander of the Scottish forces against England. He served as an Extraordinary Lord of Session in 1542,[4] and as one of the eight Lord Keepers of Mary, Queen of Scots in her infancy. Lord Livingston became Joint Custodian of the Queen Mary's in about 1543 and served as Privy Councillor in 1545.[2]

When Queen Mary went to France in 1548, following her betrothal to the Dauphin, Francis II, Livingston accompanied her, and remained there until he died.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

His first wife was Janet Stewart, the daughter of Alexander Stewart, 2nd Earl of Buchan.[2] After her death, he married Lady Agnes Douglas, daughter of John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton, and by her he had eight children, including:[5]

After the death of his second wife, he married for a third time to Jeanne de Piedefer, a Maid of Honour to Queen Mary.[6] Jeanne was previously married to Pierre de Joisel, Seigneur de Saint Rémy-en-Bouzemont et de Betoncourt, Master of the Household to Queen Mary.[2]

Lord Livingston died sometime between 25 July 1549 and 4 January 1551.[2]


His grandson, through his son William, was Alexander Livingstone, 1st Earl of Linlithgow and his grandson, through his daughter Mary, was James Sempill (1566–1625/6). His great-grandson was Robert Sempill the younger (1595–1663).[5]


  1. ^ George, John. The Ancestors of Norman Yeats. p. 124. ISBN 9780244794002. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Livingston, Lord (S, 1458 - forfeited 1716)". Cracroft's Peerage | Heraldic Media Limited. 22 May 2004. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  3. ^ Burke, Bernard (1866). A Genealogical History of the Dormant: Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. Harrison. p. 327. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  4. ^ Burke, John Bernard (1852). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Colburn. p. 620. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Livingston, Edwin Brockholst (1901). The Livingstons of Livingston manor; being the history of that branch of the Scottish house of Callendar which settled in the English province of New York during the reign of Charles the Second; and also including an account of Robert Livingston of Albany, "The nephew," a settler in the same province and his principal descendants. New York: The Knickerbocker Press. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  6. ^ Stedall, Robert (2012). The Challenge to the Crown: Volume I: The Struggle for Influence in the Reign of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1567. Book Guild Publishing. pp. 24, 28, 50, 51, 465, 474. ISBN 9781846246463. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
William Livingston
Lord Livingston
c. 1518–1553
Succeeded by
William Livingston