Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford
Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford (1423–1453) was a late medieval Scottish nobleman, and a magnate of the north-east of that country.
Known as the Tiger Earl or Earl Beardie, Crawford was one of the most powerful of the Scottish nobles. For some time he was in arms against King James II as part of the Douglas rebellion. In February 1452, William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas was personally killed at Stirling Castle by James II for refusing to dissolve his league with Alexander. The Tiger Earl was defeated at the Battle of Brechin on 18 May, and he submitted to James II in 1452.
J. B. Burke imagined the colorful scene of the earl's submission, thus:
The decree of forfeiture, both as to life and lands, which had been passed before, was now renewed and, after having gallantly struggled for a long time against all odds—even after the total defeat and submission of his ally Douglas—he found himself compelled, for the sake of his house and followers, to sue for mercy. In this last extremity it is that all the better parts of his character stand out in full relief; there is neither fear, nor meanness, nor self seeking in his frank and manly prayers for mercy: but, mingled with the courage that we might reasonably look for, is a tenderness for others that we certainly did not expect to find in such a character. For himself, as he boldly tells the king, he was willing to underlie any fate, “either to be hangit [hanged], to be riven with wild beasts, to be drowned, or cassen [cast] over ane craig;” it was not even the sufferings of his dear wife, nor the weeping of his bairns [children], nor the lamentable sobbings of his friends that moved him, so much “as the decay and falling of our House, and lamentable chance and fortune of the noblemen of Angus, with the rest of my adherents, whose lives, lands, and guids [goods] stands in danger for my cause and surname of Lindsay. Have compassion on the noblemen, men that concordit to my faction, that they, at the least, be not spoilzied (spoiled) of their lives and heritages for my offence.”
The king granted Lindsay clemency, but when he had been angry with the earl, he had sworn he would make the highest stone on Finavon Castle become the lowest. Therefore, to keep his oath while yet remaining true to his grant of clemency, the king climbed to the top of the castle and threw one of the loose stones on the battlements down to the ground below. J. B. Burke recorded that two hundred years later it could still be seen where it had fallen “secured to the spot with a strong chain of iron.”
Legend has it that he is the infamous "Earl Beardie" featured in one of the myths of Glamis Castle.
Marriage and issueEdit
Alexander, Earl of Crawford married Margaret Dunbar, daughter of Sir David Dunbar of Cockburn, himself a son of George I, Earl of March, and had issue:
- Lady Elizabeth Lindsay (died 1509), married to John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond
- David Lindsay, 1st Duke of Montrose (1440–1495)
- Alexander Lindsay, 7th Earl of Crawford (died 1517).
Lord Crawford also had an illegitimate son, Alexander, who entered holy orders and became a canon of Aberdeen.
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (April 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Paul, James Balfour, "The Scots peerage : founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom", 9Edinburgh, David Douglas, 1906), Vol. III, pp. 18-21
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Crawford, Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 384.
- Chisholm 1911.
Burke, J. B., ed. (1850). The St. James's Magazine and Heraldic and Historical Register. London. pp. 56-57. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
lives of the lindsays st. james magazine and heraldic and historical register.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Burke. The St. James Magazine. p. 56.
- Alexander, Earl of Crawford, Lives of the Lindsays; or, A memoir of the houses of Crawford and Balcarres IV vols. London 1849
- Balfour Paul, Sir James, The Scots Peerage IX vols. Edinburgh 1904
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Earl of Crawford