Alcithoe is a genus of large sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Volutidae, the volutes.[1]

Alcithoe
Alcithoe arabica (smooth form).JPG
Alcithoe arabica (smooth form)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Caenogastropoda
Order: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Volutoidea
Family: Volutidae
Genus: Alcithoe
H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
Type species
Voluta pacifica
Perry, 1810
Synonyms[1]
  • Alcithoe (Alcithoe) accepted, alternate representation
  • Alcithoe (Leporemax) Iredale, 1937
  • Fulgoraria (Alcithoe)
  • Gilvostia Iredale, 1937
  • Leporemax Iredale, 1937
  • Pachymelon (Palomelon) Finlay, 1926
  • Palomelon Finlay, 1926
  • Voluta (Alcithoe) H. Adams & A. Adams
  • Waihaoia (Palomelon) Finlay, 1926

DescriptionEdit

Alcithoe are large, benthic neogastropod marine snails.[2] Species are predators, and all taxa undergo direct development.[3]

DistributionEdit

Alcithoe species are found in seas surrounding New Zealand.[2][3][4] There is a rich fossil record for the genus.[5][4]

SpeciesEdit

Species within the genus Alcithoe include:[2][5][1]

Species brought into synonymy
  • Alcithoe calva Powell, 1928: synonym of Alcithoe jaculoides Powell, 1924
  • Alcithoe chathamensis (Dell, 1956): synonym of Alcithoe wilsonae (Powell, 1933)
  • Alcithoe johnstoni Powell, 1928: synonym of Alcithoe jaculoides Powell, 1924
  • Alcithoe knoxi (Dell, 1956): synonym of Alcithoe wilsonae (Powell, 1933)[4]
  • Alcithoe motutaraensis Powell, 1928: synonym of Alcithoe arabica (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Alcithoe oliveri Marwick, 1926: synonym of Mauira oliveri (Marwick, 1926)
  • Alcithoe ostenfeldi (Iredale, 1937): synonym of Alcithoe larochei ostenfeldi (Iredale, 1937)
  • Alcithoe swainsoni Marwick, 1926: synonym of Alcithoe arabica (Gmelin, 1791)
    • Alcithoe swainsoni motutarensis Powell, 1928: synonym of Alcithoe arabica (Gmelin, 1791)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Marshall, B. & Bail, P. (2015). "Alcithoe H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853". In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=382339 on 2016-02-04
  2. ^ a b c Powell, A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  3. ^ a b Hills, Simon F. K.; Trewick, Steven A.; Morgan-Richards, Mary (2011). "Phylogenetic information of genes, illustrated with mitochondrial data from a genus of gastropod molluscs". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 104 (4): 770–785. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01756.x.
  4. ^ a b c Hills, Simon F. K.; Crampton, James S.; Trewick, Steven A.; Morgan-Richards, Mary (2012). "DNA and Morphology Unite Two Species and 10 Million Year Old Fossils". PLOS ONE. 7 (12): e52083. Bibcode:2012PLoSO...752083H. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052083. PMC 3527379. PMID 23284880.
  5. ^ a b Beu, A. G. & Maxwell, P. A. (1990). "Cenozoic Mollusca of New Zealand". New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin. 58.

External linksEdit