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Joseph-Henri-Albiny Paquette (October 7, 1888 – September 25, 1978) was a Quebec politician and physician. He was a cabinet minister for 17 years in Maurice Duplessis' Union Nationale government.

Albiny Paquette
Albiny Paquette.png
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Labelle
In office
Preceded byPierre Lortie
Succeeded byPierre Bohémier
Member of the Legislative Council of Quebec for Rougemont
In office
Preceded byWilfrid Bovey
Succeeded byJean-Guy Cardinal
Personal details
Born(1888-10-07)October 7, 1888
Marieville, Quebec
DiedSeptember 25, 1978(1978-09-25) (aged 89)
Mont-Laurier, Quebec
Political partyUnion Nationale
Spouse(s)Marcelle Lévy-Génard
Rose Daviault
Alma materCollège Mont-Saint-Louis, Universite Laval

Born in Marieville, Quebec, Paquette studied in medical sciences at the Montreal campus of Université Laval. After additional studies and training at Bellevue Hospital in New York City, Paquette worked first for the Canadian Red Cross in the Balkans, then in the Canadian Forces as a Medical Officer. He also served at several hospitals in Europe including in Paris and in England.

Paquette returned to Quebec in 1919 and practiced medicine in Mont-Laurier until his entry into municipal politics and his nine-year stint as mayor of that city.

Paquette was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of Labelle in the 1935 general election as a member of the Conservative Party. He was reelected, as a member of the Union Nationale, in all six subsequent elections from 1936 to 1956. Paquette remained as the Legislative Assembly Member for Labelle until he resigned in 1958.

In 1936, he was appointed as the first Minister of Health in the Duplessis Cabinet for the newly created provincial department of health. He served in the position from 1936 to 1939 and again from 1944 to 1958 when the Union Nationale regained power. Establishments made during his tenure as health minister included:

  • parish clinics for maternal and infant health
  • mobile tuberculosis screening units
  • Dr. Armand Frappier's Institut de microbiologie et d'hygiène (today known as the Institut Armand-Frappier) at the Université de Montréal.[1]

In 1958, he was appointed to the Legislative Council of Quebec for the division of Rougemont and resigned in 1967.

In support of Catholicism, he placed crucifixes above the chairs of the speakers in the National Assembly and the Legislative Council of Quebec.

He received several honours, distinctions and medals, including honorary doctorates for Université Laval, Université de Montréal and Bishop's College.

Other rewards include:


  • "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
  1. ^ a b "Albiny Paquette". Historica Canada. Retrieved 7 November 2014.