Albanology, also known as Albanian studies, is an interdisciplinary branch of the humanities that addresses the language, costume, literature, art, culture and history of Albanians. Within the studies the scientific methods of literature, linguistics, archeology, history and culture are used. However the Albanian language is the main point of research of the studies.
Johann Erich Thunmann in the 18th century was probably the first Albanologist. He supported the theory of the autochthony of the Albanians and also presented the Illyrian origin theory. Later on Gustav Meyer proved that the Albanian language was part of the Indo-European family.
The studies of Albanology were more institutionally supported in Albania starting in 1940 with the opening of the Royal Institute of the Albanian Studies, which had preceded the Academy of Sciences of Albania, opened in 1972. Meanwhile, during the 1960s, the Albanology Institute of Pristina was also reconstructed in Kosovo, then part of Yugoslavia. The institute emerged from its core founded in 1953.
Notable Albanologists Edit
- Ndoc Nikaj (1864–1951)
- Gjergj Pekmezi (1872–1938)
- Fan Noli (1882–1965)
- Costa Chekrezi (1892–1959)
- Tahir Dizdari (1900–1972)
- Tajar Zavalani (1903–1966)
- Stavro Skëndi (1905–1989)
- Eqrem Çabej (1908–1980)
- Namik Resuli (1908–1985)
- Selman Riza (1909–1988)
- Aleks Buda (1910–1993)
- Petro Janura (1911–1983)
- Mahir Domi (1915–2000)
- Dhimitër Shuteriqi (1915–2003)
- Idriz Ajeti (1917–2019)
- Shaban Demiraj (1920–2014)
- Mark Krasniqi (1920–2015)
- Androkli Kostallari (1922–1992)
- Mehdi Bardhi (1927–1994)
- Jashar Rexhepagiq (1929–2010)
- Petro Zheji (1929–2015)
- Besim Bokshi (1930–2014)
- Skënder Rizaj (1930–2021)
- Fehmi Agani (1932–1999)
- Muzafer Korkuti (*1936)
- Rexhep Qosja (*1936)
- Jorgo Bulo (1939–2015)
- Anton Berisha (*1946)
- Aurel Plasari (*1956)
- Demetrio Franco (1443–1525)
- Marcin Bielski (1495–1575)
- Johann Erich Thunmann (1746–1778)
- François Pouqueville (1770–1838)
- William Martin Leake (1777–1860)
- Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer (1790–1861)
- Joseph von Xylander (1794-1854)
- Johann Georg von Hahn (1811–1869)
- Karl Reinhold (1834–1880)
- Vikentij Makušev (1837–1883)
- Jan Urban Jarník (1848–1923)
- Gustav Meyer (1850–1900)
- Lajos Thallóczy (1857–1916)
- Alexandru Philippide (1859–1933)
- Theodor Anton Ippen (1861–1935)
- Carl Patsch (1865–1945)
- Antonio Baldacci (1867–1950)
- Nicolae Iorga (1871–1940)
- Mario Roques (1875–1961)
- Norbert Jokl (1877–1942)
- Franz Nopcsa von Felső-Szilvás (1877–1933)
- Milan Šufflay (1879–1931)
- Maximilian Lambertz (1882–1963)
- Marco La Piana (1883–1958)
- Margaret Hasluck (1885–1948)
- Jacques Bourcart (1891–1965)
- Giuseppe Valentini (1900–1979)
- Georg Stadtmüller (1909–1985)
- Agniya Desnitskaya (1912–1992)
- Wacław Cimochowski (1912–1982)
- Vangelis Liapis (1914–2008)
- Eric P. Hamp (1920–2019)
- Peter Schubert (1938–2003)
- James Pettifer (*1949)
- Robert Elsie (1950–2017)
- Vladimir Orel (1952–2007)
- Pasquale Scutari (*1952)
- Francesco Altimari (*1955)
- Noel Malcolm (*1956)
- Marko Snoj (*1959)
- Oliver Schmitt (*1973)
See also Edit
- Elsie, Robert (19 March 2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-8108-7380-3.
Johann Erich Thunmann (1746–1778) of the University of Halle first disseminated the theory of the autochthony of the Albanians
- Schwandner-Sievers, Stephanie; Fischer, Bernd Jürgen (2002). Albanian Identities: Myth and History. Indiana University Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-253-34189-2.
Although the first major exposition of the Illyrian theory, published by the German scholar Johann Thunmann in 1774...
- Stipčević, Aleksandar (1977). The Illyrians: history and culture. Noyes Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-8155-5052-5.
The first one who clearly formulated the thesis of the Illyrian origin of the Albanians, was the German historian Johannes Thunmann in the eighteenth century.
- Philip Baldi (1983). An Introduction to the Indo-European Languages. SIU Press. pp. 87–88. ISBN 978-0-8093-1091-3.
In fact, Albanian was not established definitively Indo-European until the latter part of the nineteenth century, when certain structural and lexical correspondences that demonstrated the Indo-European character of the language were noted (especially by Gustav Meyer)
- Spiro J. Shetuni (2011). Albanian Traditional Music: An Introduction, with Sheet Music and Lyrics for 48 Songs. McFarland. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7864-8630-4.
In the 1960s, the Albanology Institute of Prishtinë was founded in Kosovo.
- Robert Elsie (15 November 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-8108-7483-1.
The core of the present Albanological Institute was founded on 1 June 1953 with four staff members: Ilhami Nimani, Selman Riza,