Aleks Buda (7 September 1910 – 7 July 1993) was an Albanian historian. After completion of his education in Italy and Austria, he returned to Albania. Although his education was in literature, he made a career as a historian during the socialist period in Albania. He was a member and president of the Academy of Sciences of Albania.

Aleks Buda
Akeks Buda.jpg
Born
Aleks Buda

(1910-09-07)7 September 1910
Died7 July 1993(1993-07-07) (aged 82)
NationalityAlbanian
Occupationhistorian

Early lifeEdit

Buda was born on 7 September 1910 in Elbasan, Ottoman Empire (modern day Albania). He went to elementary school at Lecce in Italy and completed secondary school in Salzburg, Austria, in 1930.[1] After that he enrolled in the University of Vienna where he studied philosophy and literature, but he returned to Albania without graduating.[2]

Professional careerEdit

Although his specialty was in literature, he made a career as a historian.[1] He was also referred to as the founder of the Albanian post WWII historiography.[3] Buda belonged to a group of most notable Albanian politician historians during the socialist period in Albania.[4] Buda was a member and a president of the Academy of Sciences of Albania.[5] In some sources he was referred to as personal confidant of Enver Hoxha.[6] Buda was the only historian to participate in the Albanian Orthography Congress held in Tirana in 20–25 November 1972.[2]

He participated at the National Conference of Ethnographic Studies held in 1976 to commemorate 35th anniversary of the establishment of Party of Labour of Albania. Buda belonged to a group of historians and Marxist philosophers who attacked contemporary theories and trends outside Albania as capitalist and revisionist.[7]

Contemporary historians point to Buda's work as a source for the Albanian position of the origin of Albanians.[8] He was considered as the leading Albanian scholar of Illyrian history who belonged to group of historians who also pointed out that there is no trace of Illyrians between the 6th century (when they were mentioned in historical documents for the last time) and the 11th century (when Albanians were recorded in historical documents for the first time).[9] Based on the hypothesis of Illyrian origin of Albanians, Buda emphasized that Albanians belong to the oldest inhabitants of Balkans and even Europe.[10]

Buda belonged to a small group of intellectuals allowed by the Albanian communist regime to have access to foreign literature in order to use them to prepare new ideological and theoretical directives for the rest of their colleagues.[3]

BibliographyEdit

Buda's work include:

  • Historia E Popullit Shqiptar, Etc. (Botim i Dytë.-Stefanaq Pollo Dhe Aleks Buda-redaktorë Përgjegjës.). Enti i teksteve dhe i mjeteve mësimore i Krahinës Socialiste Autonome të Kosovës. 1969., (coautorship)
  • Kuvendi I i Studimeve Ilire: Tiranë 15-20 shtator 1972 : [referate, kumtesa. 1974.
  • Konferenca kombetare e studimeve per Lidhjen Shqiptare te Prizrenit, 1878-1881: (12-28 gershor 1978). Akademia e Shkencave e RPS të Shqipërisë, Instituti i Historisë. 1979.
  • Problems of the formation of the Albanian people, their language and culture: conference (selection). The "8 Nëntori" Pub. House. 1984.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Elsie, Robert (19 March 2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-8108-7380-3.
  2. ^ a b Kastriot Myftaraj (2012), Biografia e fshehur e delegatëve të Kongresit të Drejtshkrimit të vitit 1972 [The hidden biography of the delegates of the Congress of Orthography of 1972] (in Albanian), archived from the original on 2013-07-12, Aleks Buda, ndonëse kishte nisur studimet universitare në Vienë për filozofi dhe letërsi, ai nuk mundi që të diplomohet dhe u kthye në Shqipëri pa diplomë universitare...
    Aleks Buda ishte i vetmi historian që mori pjesë në Kongresin e Drejtshkrimit...
  3. ^ a b Hysa, Armanda; Keber, Katarina (2010). Historièni seminar 8. Založba ZRC. pp. 111, 120. ISBN 978-961-254-216-0.
  4. ^ Jürgen Fischer 1999, p. 281
  5. ^ Socialist Thought and Practice. Jugoslavija. 1983. p. 62. ... Aleks Buda, scientist and President of the Academy of Sciences of Albania, ...
  6. ^ Radio Free Europe Research: Communist area. Albania. Radio Free Europe. January 1971. p. 9. Aleks Buda, the country's leading historian and a personal confidant of Enver Hoxha.
  7. ^ Hysa, Armanda Kodra -; Hann, Chris; Boskovic, Aleksandar (31 December 2013). The Anthropological Field on the Margins of Europe, 1945-1991. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 140. ISBN 978-3-643-90507-9.
  8. ^ Kola, Paulin (January 2003). The Search for Greater Albania. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-85065-664-7. On the Albanian position on the origins of the Albanian nation see Aleks Buda, ...
  9. ^ Musliu, Fahri; Banjac, Dragan (2005). Untying the Kosovo Knot: A Two-sided View. Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in Serbia. p. 68. ISBN 978-86-7208-111-4. - do not support the continuity assumption of the Illyrian ethnogenesis theory: as between the sixth and eleventh centuries there is no trace of the Illyrians (as Aleks Buda, the greatest of Albanian scholars of Illyrian history, ...
  10. ^ Encounter. Martin Secker & Warburg. 1985. p. 65. The Albanians are among the oldest inhabitants of the Balkans and even Europe

SourcesEdit