Alan fitz Walter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland

Alan fitz Walter (1120 – 1204)[1] was hereditary High Steward of Scotland and a crusader.

Alan fitz Walter
2nd High Steward of Scotland
Alan's seal
PredecessorWalter fitz Alan
SuccessorWalter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland
Alesta of Mar
ParentsWalter fitz Alan

Life edit

Alan was the son and heir of Walter fitz Alan, by his spouse Eschina, who was possibly a member of a family from the south of Scotland. From 1178, the time of his succession to his father, until his death in 1204, Alan served as Steward of Scotland (dapifer) to William the Lion, King of Scots.[1] It was during Alan's lifetime that his family acquired the Isle of Bute.[1][2] He was possibly responsible for the erection of Rothesay Castle on the island.[1]

Alan allegedly accompanied Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade, from which he returned to Scotland in July 1191. None of the references, however, can be traced back to the period.[3][4]

A Royal Grant to Kinloss Abbey, signed at Melrose Abbey was made between 1179 and 1183. Amongst the witnesses are the Abbot of Melrose, the Abbot of Newbottle, Richard de Morville, Constable of Scotland, 'Alan, son of Walter the Steward, and William de Lauder.[5]

Alan became a patron of the Knights Templar and is responsible for expanding Templar influence in Scotland. There is no evidence, however, that he joined the Order before his death.

He appears as a witness to other charters of William The Lion.[6]

He is buried with his father in Paisley Abbey.

Marriage and issue edit

He married firstly,[3][7] Eva, who is usually named as the daughter of Sweyn Thor'sson, although some historians dispute Eva's parentage. They had no known issue.

By his second marriage to Alesta, daughter of Morggán, Earl of Mar[3][7] and Ada, mother of Avelina (FitzAlan) de Carrick, Leonard FitzAlan and Eupheme Stewart

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d Barrow, Geoffrey Wallis Steuart. "Stewart family". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/49411. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Barrow, Geoffrey Wallis Steuart (1981), Kingship and unity: Scotland 1000–1306, University of Toronto Press, p. 112
  3. ^ a b c Simpson, David, The Genealogical and Chronological History of the Stuarts, Edinburgh, 1713.
  4. ^ Macquarrie, Alan, Scotland and the Crusades, 1095–1560, Edinburgh, 1985: 29/30.
  5. ^ Professor Geoffrey W. S. Barrow, editor, The Acts of William 1st, King of Scots, Edinburgh, 1971, vol.II, p.277, charter 237.
  6. ^ Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p.xl.
  7. ^ a b c d Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p.xl.

References edit

  • Mackenzie, A. M., MA., D.Litt., The Rise of the Stewarts, London, 1935, pps.10–11.

External links edit

Alan fitz Walter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland
Born: 1140 Died: 1204
Court offices
Preceded by High Steward of Scotland
c. 1177 – c. 1204
Succeeded by