Al Mahwit (Arabic: المحويتAl-Maḥwīt) is the capital city of Al Mahwit Governorate, Yemen. It is located at an elevation of about 2000 metres.

Al Mahwit

المحويت
Almawhit01 flickr.jpg
Al Mahwit is located in Yemen
Al Mahwit
Al Mahwit
Location in Yemen
Coordinates: 15°28′10″N 43°32′43″E / 15.46944°N 43.54528°E / 15.46944; 43.54528Coordinates: 15°28′10″N 43°32′43″E / 15.46944°N 43.54528°E / 15.46944; 43.54528
Country Yemen
GovernorateAl Mahwit
Population
 (2012)
 • Total16,291

HistoryEdit

 
Al Mahwit

The old town of Al-Mahwit is situated around a mountain fortress. Until the 1970s, Al Mahwit was extremely isolated. The town had a population of about 10,000 in the early 1980s, after which infrastructure was developed and water, sanitation and electricity added.[1]

GeographyEdit

The area is mountainous, set in the Haraz Mountains and attracts trekkers.[2] Al-Mahwit is surrounded by several wadis such as Wadi Sama'a, Wadi Eyan, Wadi Juma't Saria, Wadi Hawar, Wadi Bour, Wadi Al- Hawdh, Wadi Thabab, Wadi Laa'a, Wadi Al-Ahjer and Wadi Naa'wan. Numerous villages are spread in the area that were built on and around rocks.

ClimateEdit

Al Mawhit has a cold desert climate (Köppen climate classification: BWk) with warm days and cool nights, typical of Yemen's highlands. Rain is concentrated in spring and summer, with a dry gap between the two rainy seasons. April, July and August are the only months with significant precipitation.

Climate data for Al Mahwit
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
24.8
(76.6)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
26.7
(80.1)
29.0
(84.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
26.4
(79.5)
23.5
(74.3)
21.6
(70.9)
21.1
(70.0)
25.1
(77.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
15.4
(59.7)
17.2
(63.0)
17.8
(64.0)
19.3
(66.7)
20.7
(69.3)
21.1
(70.0)
20.9
(69.6)
19.3
(66.7)
16.7
(62.1)
14.5
(58.1)
13.6
(56.5)
17.5
(63.5)
Average low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
6.0
(42.8)
8.7
(47.7)
10.2
(50.4)
12.0
(53.6)
12.5
(54.5)
14.8
(58.6)
14.8
(58.6)
12.2
(54.0)
9.9
(49.8)
7.5
(45.5)
6.1
(43.0)
10.0
(50.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.3)
11
(0.4)
27
(1.1)
51
(2.0)
29
(1.1)
7
(0.3)
46
(1.8)
71
(2.8)
16
(0.6)
5
(0.2)
10
(0.4)
8
(0.3)
289
(11.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

EconomyEdit

The area and surrounding governorate depends on agriculture, mainly the production of coffee, tobacco, corn, sorghum and qat.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Burrowes, Robert D. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-8108-5528-1.
  2. ^ Hämäläinen, Pertti (1999). Yemen. Lonely Planet Publications. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-86442-603-1.
  3. ^ "Climate: Al Mahwit". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved November 5, 2017.