Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya

  (Redirected from Al-Tayaran)

Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya (Arabic: نادي القوة الجوية الرياضي, lit.'Air Force Sports Club') is an Iraqi multi-sports club based in Rusafa District, Baghdad that competes in the Iraqi Premier League, the top-flight of Iraqi football. Founded in 1931, it is the oldest existing club in Iraq.[1]

Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya
Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Crest.png
Full nameAl-Quwa Al-Jawiya
(Air Force Sports Club)
Nickname(s)Al-Soqoor (The Falcons)
Al-Areeq (The Deep-Rooted)
Founded4 July 1931; 90 years ago (4 July 1931) (as Gipsy Moth)
GroundAl-Quwa Al-Jawiya Stadium
Capacity6,000
OwnerMinistry of Defence
PresidentShihab Jahid
ManagerHakeem Shaker
LeagueIraqi Premier League
2020–21Iraqi Premier League, 1st of 20 (champions)

Its football team is one of the most successful in Iraq having won seven Iraqi Premier League titles, most recently in the 2020–21 season, which it won alongside its fifth Iraq FA Cup title. The club has also won a joint-record three Iraqi Elite Cups, and in 1996–97 it became the first of only two clubs to win all four major national trophies (League, FA Cup, Elite Cup, Super Cup) in the same season.

On the continental level, Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya became the first club to win the AFC Cup three times in a row when they triumphed in 2016, 2017 and 2018. The Falcons have participated in the AFC Champions League six times since its foundation in 2002 including five group stage appearances, and the furthest they have reached in the Arab Club Champions Cup is the quarter-final in the 2012–13 edition.

HistoryEdit

On 4 July 1931, 73 days after the foundation of the Iraqi Air Force, the club was founded by a group of Iraqi flight policemen at the British Royal Air Force station of RAF Hinaidi. It is the oldest existing football club in Iraq and one of its nicknames is Al-Areeq (The Deep-Rooted). The club was named Gipsy Moth after the model of the first fleet of the Iraqi Air Force, but soon the club was renamed to Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya, simply meaning Air Force. They played their very first game a day later against a team from RAF Habbaniya and won the match dressed in army fatigues and short khakis. The win over the British forces helped the club grow in popularity as many Iraqis began supporting the club as its reputation spread across the nation.[2]

As the British forces and its leaders saw that the club's activities had broadened and its members and followers had multiplied which was clearly seen in the matches they played in, the British wanted to get rid of some of its leaders, but King Ghazi, who took over as ruler of Iraq in 1933, had a strong relationship with the Iraqi flight policemen and he invited the members to have talks to solve the problem. It was not long before a solution for the development of the club had been decided on and they became under the control of another branch of the Iraqi Air Force, which opened a number of doors for the club around areas in Iraq. They won their first trophy on 19 May 1933, defeating Al-Lasilki 1–0 after extra time in the final of the Prince Ghazi Cup, thanks to a goal by Nasser Hussein, wearing the colours of green and purple.[3] With the Kingdom of Iraq gaining independence from Britain, Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya renamed to Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Al-Malikiya (Royal Air Force), and returned to the name of Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya when Iraq became a republic in 1958. Jawiya and Al-Haris Al-Maliki (meaning Royal Guards) became close rivals with the two teams regularly competing for the Iraq Central FA League title (a league for teams in Baghdad and its neighbouring cities). This league competition started in 1948 and continued all the way until 1973 when the Central FA League and other regional leagues were replaced by the Iraqi National League.[4][5][6]

 
Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya being awarded the Iraq Central FA Altruism Cup trophy in 1964.

Jawiya were one of the six teams to compete in the 1956–57 season which saw a double-elimination format introduced for the first time. In 1957, Jawiya completed the signing of Ammo Baba, one of the best players in Iraqi football history, and won their first league title in Ammo's first season at the club in 1957–58, after Montakhab Al-Shorta withdrew from the replay of the final. The 1959–60 season saw Jawiya reach the final of the league again, but they lost 3–0 to Al-Athori.[7] Jawiya secured their second league title in the 1961–62 season as the league changed to a round-robin format. This qualified them for the 1962 Iraq Central FA Altruism Cup (later known as Iraq Central FA Perseverance Cup) which they won by defeating Al-Kuliya Al-Askariya 4–2. Jawiya won the league title again in 1963–64 and also won the Iraq Central FA Altruism Cup again that year. They were once managed by Scotsman Frank Hill in the fifties, a player at Arsenal and manager at Notts County and Charlton Athletic – attempting on two separate occasions to sign Jawiya's star inside forward Ammo Baba. They had another British link as the team featured former Bristol Rovers reserve Youra Eshaya who went on to become one of the longest-serving players at the club from 1955 to 1971.[8] Jawiya claimed their fourth title in 1972–73, winning the league with a 100% win record (seven wins from seven games).

The club continued their strong form and won the country's new nationwide league in the 1973–74 season. That season, Jawiya also won the first and only edition of the Iraq FA Baghdad Cup, a knockout tournament played between 20 teams from Baghdad and its neighbouring cities, by beating Al-Sikak Al-Hadeed 2–1 in the final. In 1974, the Iraq Football Association decided to form the Iraqi Premier League (then known as the Iraqi National League of Clubs) which was only open to clubs rather than institute-representative teams. The club changed their name from Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya to Al-Tayaran (meaning Airlines) on 15 August 1974. The first ever edition of the Iraqi Premier League in the 1974–75 season saw Al-Tayaran claim the title, finishing just a single point above runners-up Al-Naqil, meaning they had won three league titles in a row (one Central FA League, one National League and one National League of Clubs). All three titles were won under the management of Abdelilah Mohammed Hassan. Al-Tayaran won their first Iraq FA Cup title by beating Al-Shorta 5–3 on penalties in the 1978 final after a 1–1 draw, with Nadhum Shaker scoring the winning penalty.

In the 1989–90 season, Al-Tayaran managed to get their second Premier League title, known as the National League at the time. They finished four points ahead of defending champions Al-Rasheed. 12 goals from Natiq Hashim were crucial in winning Amer Jamil's Al-Tayaran the title. Midway through the 1990–91 season, on 20 April 1991, the Ministry of Interior decided to dissolve all the clubs that were under its control including Al-Bahri (Navy Club), Al-Jaish (Army Club) and Al-Tayaran. However, after immense pressure from supporters of the club, Al-Tayaran returned to action on 12 May 1991, but returned to their old name of Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya. The 1991–92 season saw Jawiya win their first ever national Double and goes down as one of the most successful seasons in the club's history. Managed by Adil Yousef, Jawiya claimed the title on the very last day of the season, defeating Al-Zawraa 1–0 in their last game thanks to an early goal by their top scorer Akram Emmanuel to overtake their opponents and claim the trophy. The game was controversial as Al-Zawraa scored a goal through Laith Hussein that was ruled out for offside; had the goal counted, Al-Zawraa would have retained their title. Jawiya coupled their league success with their second FA Cup win, defeating Al-Khutoot 2–1 in the cup final. Jawiya managed to win their first Elite Cup title in 1994 with a penalty shootout win over Al-Talaba after the game ended goalless.

Jawiya, under the leadership of Ayoub Odisho, started the 1996–97 season by winning the 1996 Iraqi Elite Cup. Jawiya also managed to win the Iraqi Premier League with 22 wins from 30 games with their top scorer being Sabah Jeayer. Four days before clinching the league title, Jawiya won their third Iraq FA Cup with a penalty shootout victory against Al-Shorta in front of 50,000 spectators at Al-Shaab Stadium. Jawiya became history-makers by winning the Iraqi Super Cup 3–1 against Al-Zawraa at the end of the season to become the first team in Iraqi football history to win all four major domestic trophies in a single season. The joy of the 1996–97 campaign was followed by a heartbreaking 1997–98 season. Jawiya conceded a 97th-minute equalising penalty to Al-Zawraa in the 1998 Iraq FA Cup final and lost the ensuing penalty shootout. Jawiya then drew 1–1 against Al-Zawraa in their last league match of the season, and missed out on the title to Al-Shorta after Al-Shorta scored a 92nd-minute winning penalty in their match against Al-Sulaikh. Jawiya players mistakenly thought that Al-Shorta had drawn their match which would have made them champions and they began celebrating on the field, with Ayoub Odisho giving an interview on live television. Midway through Odisho's interview, the stadium announcer declared that the final score of Al-Shorta's game was 3–2 and that Al-Shorta were officially the champions of Iraq and Odisho stopped talking and stood still with a shocked expression on his face.

Jawiya clinched their third Elite Cup title in 1998 by beating Al-Naft in the final. Jawiya also managed to win the 2001 Iraqi Super Cup against Al-Zawraa with a 1–0 win. In 2003 the club briefly changed their name back to Al-Tayaran before returning to the name Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya again. Jawiya entered the 2004–05 season in search of a fifth Premier League title, and they managed to achieve it by beating Al-Minaa 2–0 in the final coached by Sabah Abdul-Jalil. In the 2006–07 season, Jawiya reached the final of the league again but lost it to hosts Erbil by a score of 1–0. Their position as league runners-up qualified them for the 2008 AFC Champions League but they exited at the group stage for the third time in a row. In the 2014–15 campaign, Jawiya qualified for the league final where they played newly promoted Naft Al-Wasat, and lost on penalties after a goalless draw. Jawiya won the 2015–16 Iraq FA Cup by defeating rivals Al-Zawraa 2–0, thus denying their opponents the Double.[9]

By finishing as runners-up of the 2014–15 league, Jawiya qualified for the 2016 AFC Cup,[10] Asia's second-tier club tournament. They reached the 2016 AFC Cup Final, where Hammadi Ahmad scored the only goal of the game against Indian side Bengaluru to become the first Iraqi club to win the AFC Cup and claim their first ever major continental trophy. Jawiya then went on to win the 2016–17 Iraqi Premier League, their sixth Premier League title, under the helm of Basim Qasim.[11] They rounded off the season by winning their second consecutive AFC Cup, this time beating FC Istiklol 1–0 in the final. They then became the first team in history to win the AFC Cup three times in a row with a 2–0 win over Altyn Asyr in the 2018 final, and clinched their seventh Premier League title in the 2020–21 season under Ayoub Odisho, coupling it with the 2020–21 Iraq FA Cup title to earn their third national double.

StadiumEdit

Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya's stadium is located in Baghdad, near Falastin Street, opposite the former stadium site of their rivals Al-Shorta. It has a capacity of 6,000. The seats are light blue in colour.

KitsEdit

Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya's home kit is blue with white trimmings, while their away kit is yellow with blue trimmings. In the past, Jawiya have worn white away kits with blue trimmings and have also worn a red and white striped away kit with blue trimmings. Their past third kits include black with gold trimmings, purple with white trimmings and grey with white trimmings.

RivalriesEdit

Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya's main rivals are Al-Zawraa, with whom they contest the Iraqi El Clásico. Jawiya also share a fierce rivalry with the other big Baghdad clubs, namely Al-Shorta and Al-Talaba.

SupportersEdit

Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya are one of the traditional "Big Four" of Baghdad and thus have a large fanbase, concentrated mainly in Iraq's capital. The supporters call themselves Al-Soqoor, which means The Falcons; this is also the nickname of the club. In 2012, Jawiya fans decided to form an ultras group under the name Ultras Blue Hawks. The group has grown in number and is now in its thousands. They wave flags and banners at games, play instruments and set off flares and fireworks in order to create a good atmosphere at Jawiya's games; they aim to intimidate the opposition as well as inspire their own team.

Current squadEdit

As of 19 February 2022

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   IRQ Fahad Talib
2 DF   IRQ Ahmed Ibrahim
3 DF   TOG Wilson Akakpo
5 DF   IRQ Maitham Jabbar
6 DF   IRQ Sameh Saeed
7 FW   IRQ Sharif Abdul-Kadhim
8 FW   IRQ Ibrahim Bayesh
9 FW   IRQ Alaa Abbas
10 FW   IRQ Hammadi Ahmed (Captain)
14 MF   IRQ Hussein Jabbar
15 DF   IRQ Dhurgham Ismail
16 MF   IRQ Karrar Nabeel
17 DF   PAN Roderick Miller
20 DF   IRQ Ali Kadhim
22 DF   IRQ Mustafa Mohammed
No. Pos. Nation Player
24 DF   IRQ Hassan Raad
25 MF   IRQ Mohammed Ali Abboud
26 MF   IRQ Muntadher Abdul-Amir
31 GK   IRQ Saif Karim
32 MF   IRQ Mohammed Sami
33 FW   IRQ Ahmed Lafta
35 FW   IRQ Ahmed Najm
55 MF   IRQ Safaa Hadi
66 DF   IRQ Muntadher Mohammed
70 MF   ALG Mehdi Boukassi
80 GK   IRQ Mohammed Karim
88 DF   IRQ Mustafa Moyed
93 FW    SUI Raël Lolala
95 GK   IRQ Mohammed Saleh

ManagersEdit

Dates Name[12]
1931–1932   Manati Ali Nassir
1932–1936   Raouf Shabib
1936–1937   Mahmoud Shaker
1937–1938   Anwar Mustafa
1938–1948   Kadhim Abadi
1948–1949   Maarouf Abdullah
1949–1951   Kadhim Abadi
1951–1952   Mahmoud Aziz
1952–1953   Kadhim Abadi
1953–1954   Assim Abdul-Karim Shenaishil
1954–1956   Kadhim Abadi
1956–1957   Saadi Jassim
1957–1958   Frank Hill
1958–1960   Aziz Jassim Al-Hajia
1960–1961   Abdul-Jabar Al-Salihi
1961–1962   Salih Faraj
1962–1963   Abdul-Sattar Al-Sheikhli
  Cornel Drăgușin
1963–1964   Shawqi Aboud
1964–1965   Kamil Mohammed Ali
1965–1966   Saadi Abdul-Karim
1966–1967   Jalil Shihab
1967–1968   Kamil Mohammed Ali
1968   Lutfi Abdul-Qadir
1968–1969   Shawqi Aboud
1969–1970   Qasim Mahmoud
1970–1971   Saadi Abdul-Karim
1971–1975   Abdelilah Mohammed Hassan
1975–1976   Edison David
1976–1977   Jalil Shihab
1977   Thamer Mohsin
Dates Name
1977–1978   Abdelilah Mohammed Hassan
1978–1979   Mejbel Fartous
1979–1980   Abdelilah Mohammed Hassan
1980–1983   Vojo Gardašević
1983–1984   Abdelilah Abdul-Hameed
1984   Adil Yousef
1984–1986   Mejbel Fartous
1986–1991   Amer Jameel
1991–1992   Adil Yousef
1992   Abraham Barsoum
1992–1993   Ammo Baba
1993–1994   Abdelilah Abdul-Hameed
1994–1995   Adnan Dirjal
1995   Saadi Younis
1995   Adil Yousef
1995   Natiq Hashim
1995–1996   Hassan Farhan
1996   Salah Obeid
1996   Hassan Saadawi
1996–1998   Ayoub Odisho
1998   Nazar Ashraf
1998–2000   Nadhim Shaker
2000   Hadi Mutanish
2000   Ayoub Odisho
2000–2001   Ammo Baba
  Natiq Hashim
2001   Natiq Hashim
2001   Abdelilah Abdul-Hameed
2001   Ahmed Radhi
2001–2002   Salih Radhi
2002–2003   Nadhim Shaker
Dates Name
2003   Saadi Toma
2003–2004   Adil Yousef
2004   Emad Toma
2004–2006   Sabah Abdul-Jalil
2006   Samir Kadhim
2006–2007   Radhi Shenaishil
2007–2008   Hameed Salman
2008   Samir Kadhim
2008–2009   Waleed Dhahid
2009   Samir Kadhim
2009–2010   Sabah Abdul-Jalil
2010–2011   Thair Ahmed
2011   Waleed Dhahid (interim)
  Mahdi Jassim (interim)
2011–2012   Salih Radhi
2012–2013   Ayoub Odisho
2013–2014   Hussam Al Sayed
2014   Waleed Dhahid (interim)
2014–2015   Nadhim Shaker
2015   Jassim Ghulam (interim)
  Waleed Dhahid (interim)
2015   Abbas Attiya
2015–2016   Sabah Abdul-Jalil
2016   Ali Hadi
2016   Ahmed Daham (interim)
2016–2017   Basim Qasim
2017   Hussam Al Sayed
2017   Razzaq Farhan (interim)
2017–2018   Radhi Shenaishil
2018–2019   Basim Qasim
2019–2021   Ayoub Odisho
Dates Name
2021   Ahmed Khalaf
2021–2022   Radhi Shenaishil
2022–   Hakeem Shaker

Current technical staffEdit

Position Name Nationality
Manager: Radhi Shenaishil  
Assistant manager: Jabbar Hashim  
Assistant manager: Jassim Ghulam Al-Hamd  
Goalkeeping coach: Salih Hameed  
Fitness coach: Ayman Al-Habibi  
Technical Advisor: Nazar Ashraf  
Technical Advisor: Mejbel Fartous  
Administrative director: Haitham Kadhim  
Team supervisor: Ahmed Khudhair  
Military team manager: Falah Jahid  
U19 Manager: Kadhim Flayih  
U16 Manager: Hiad Azher  

Updated to match played July 2020
Source:[citation needed]

HonoursEdit

MajorEdit

Type Competition Titles Winning years Runners-up
Domestic
(national)
Iraqi Premier League 7 1974–75, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1996–97, 2004–05, 2016–17, 2020–21 1975–76, 1981–82, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1997–98, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2006–07, 2014–15, 2017–18, 2018–19
Iraqi National League 1 1973–74
Iraq FA Cup 5 1977–78, 1991–92, 1996–97, 2015–16, 2020–21 1988–89, 1997–98, 1999–2000
Iraqi Elite Cup 3s 1994, 1996, 1998 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1999
Iraqi Super Cup 2 1997, 2001 2000, 2002, 2017, 2021
Domestic
(regional)
Iraq Central FA League 4 1957–58, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1972–73 1956–57, 1959–60, 1965–66, 1968–69
Iraq FA Baghdad Cup 1 1974
Iraq Central FA Perseverance Cup 2s 1962, 1964 1966
Continental AFC Cup 3s 2016, 2017, 2018
  •   record
  • S shared record

MinorEdit

  • Championship of Love
    • Winners (1): 2003
  • Jerusalem International Championship
    • Winners (1): 2001
  • Victory Championship
    • Winners (1): 1988
  • Farewell League Trophy
    • Winners (1): 1986
  • Al-Milad Cup
    • Winners (1): 1985
  • Al-Wehdat Championship
    • Winners (1): 1984
  • Stafford Cup
    • Winners (1): 1982
  • Army League
    • Winners (1): 1973–74
  • Army Cup
    • Winners (4): 1958, 1959, 1964, 1973 (shared record)
  • Authority Director Cup
    • Winners (1): 1964
  • Al-Firqa Al-Thaniya Cup
    • Winners (1): 1961
  • Inter-Forces Tournament
    • Winners (1): 1957
  • Wajih Younis Cup
    • Winners (1): 1956
  • Jamal Baban Cup
    • Winners (1): 1950
  • Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Cup
    • Winners (2): 1941, 1942
  • Palestine Cup
    • Winners (1): 1942
  • Capital Secretariat Cup
    • Winners (1): 1941
  • Guardian Cup
    • Winners (1): 1940
  • Taha Al-Hashimi Cup
    • Winners (1): 1939
  • Casuals Cup
    • Winners (4): 1932–33, 1933–34, 1934–35, 1935–36 (record)
  • Prince Ghazi Cup
    • Winners (3): 1932–33, 1933–34, 1934–35 (record)

StatisticsEdit

In domestic competitionsEdit

RegionalEdit

Year Central League Baghdad Cup Perseverance Cup
1956–57 Runner-up Started in
1974
Started in
1962
1957–58 Winner
1958–59 Ninth place
1959–60 Runner-up
1960–61 Third place
1961–62 Winner Winner
1962–63 Fourth place Did not qualify
1963–64 Winner Winner
1964–65 Fifth place Did not qualify
1965–66 Runner-up Runner-up
1966–67 not finished Abolished in
1966
1967–68 Third place
1968–69 Runner-up
1969–70 Fourth place
1970–71 Third place
1971–72 Fourth place
1972–73 Winner
1973–74 Folded in
1973
Winner

NationalEdit

Year National League
1973–74 Winner
Year Premier League FA Cup Super Cup Elite Cup
1948–49 Started in
1974
Did not enter Started in
1986
Started in
1991
1974–75 Winner not held
1975–76 Runner-up Round of 32
1976–77 Ninth place not held
1977–78 Seventh place Winner
1978–79 Fifth place Semi-final
1979–80 Ninth place Round of 16
1980–81 Third place -
1981–82 Runner-up Semi-final
1982–83 Third place Semi-final
1983–84 Third place -
1984–85 not finished not finished
1985–86 Third place not held Did not qualify
1986–87 Fourth place - not held
1987–88 Third place - not held
1988–89 Third place Runner-up not held
1989–90 Winner Semi-final not held
1990–91 Sixth place Semi-final not held
1991–92 Winner Winner not held Runner-up
1992–93 Third place Second round not held Runner-up
1993–94 Runner-up Semi-final not held Runner-up
1994–95 Runner-up Semi-final not held Winner
1995–96 Eighth place Semi-final not held Runner-up
1996–97 Winner Winner Winner Winner
1997–98 Runner-up Runner-up Did not qualify Group stage
1998–99 Third place Semi-final not held Winner
1999–2000 Runner-up Runner-up Did not qualify Runner-up
2000–01 Runner-up not held Runner-up Group stage
2001–02 Runner-up Round of 16 Winner Fourth place
2002–03 not finished Round of 32 Runner-up Fourth place
2003–04 not finished not held not held Semi-final
2004–05 Winner not held not held Abolished in
2004
2005–06 Fourth place not held not held
2006–07 Runner-up not held not held
2007–08 Third place not held not held
2008–09 Sixth place not held not held
2009–10 Fifth place not held not held
2010–11 Fourth place not held not held
2011–12 Third place not held not held
2012–13 Third place not finished not held
2013–14 Fourth place not held not held
2014–15 Runner-up not held not held
2015–16 Fourth place Winner not held
2016–17 Winner Quarter-final not held
2017–18 Runner-up not held Runner-up
2018–19 Runner-up Semi-final not held
2019–20 not finished not finished Did not qualify
2020–21 Winner Winner not held
2021–22 TBD TBD Runner-up

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Iraq - Foundation Dates. RSSSF. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  2. ^ Mubarak, Hassanin (21 March 2013). "Iraqi Football History".
  3. ^ Mubarak, Hassanin (21 March 2013). "Iraqi Football History".
  4. ^ "Did You Know? Iraqi Football".
  5. ^ Anwiyah, Emmanuel. "Ammo Baba Profile".
  6. ^ Mubarak, Hassanin (21 March 2013). "Iraqi Football History".
  7. ^ Mubarak, Hassanin (21 March 2013). "Iraqi Football History".
  8. ^ Mubarak, Hassanin. "Iraq Olympic Team Profile". Ahdaafme. Archived from the original on 2017-12-08. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  9. ^ "كووورة: الموقع العربي الرياضي الأول".
  10. ^ "كووورة: الموقع العربي الرياضي الأول".
  11. ^ "Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya win the 2016/17 Iraqi Premier League title - Soccer Iraq". 10 August 2017.
  12. ^ Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya - Coaches

External linksEdit