Al-Fāw (Arabic: ٱلْفَاو; sometimes transliterated as Fao) is a port town on Al-Faw Peninsula in Iraq near the Shatt al-Arab and the Persian Gulf. The Al Faw Peninsula is part of the Basra Governorate.
The Shatt al-Arab
South-East Iraq with Al-Faw in the lower right corner of the map
|Governorate muhafazah (Arabic: محافظة)||Al-Basrah (Arabic: البصرة)|
|District (Arabic: قضاء qaḍāʾ, Qadaa)||Al-Faw District|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (GMT +3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+4|
The town, as well as the whole Faw Peninsula, was the scene of armed conflict during World War I, the Iran–Iraq War, the Persian Gulf War, and the Iraq War due to its strategic position at the entrance of the Shatt al-Arab.
The city was extensively damaged during the Iraq-Iran war, but in 1989 it was rebuilt in four months to a completely new city plan.
- Barakat, S. Analysis on Findings from the Post-War Reconstruction Campaigns at Basrah and Fao, Irak. ICOMOS Scientific Journal, 3, 1994, 102-112
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