Ajloun Governorate (alternative spelling Ajlun Governorate) (Arabic: محافظة عجلون) is one of the governorates of Jordan, located north of Amman the capital of Jordan. Ajloun Governorate has the fourth highest population density in Jordan (after Irbid, Jerash, and Balqa Governorates) with a population density of 350.1 people/km2 (2012 estimate). It is bordered by Jerash Governorate from the south east and Irbid Governorate from the north and west.

Ajloun Governorate
محافظة عجلون
The city of Ajloun is the capital of Ajloun Governorate
The city of Ajloun is the capital of Ajloun Governorate
Ajloun Governorate in Jordan
Ajloun Governorate in Jordan
SubdivisionsAjloun Department, Kofranjah Department
 • GovernorAli Azzam
 • Total420 km2 (160 sq mi)
 • Total146,900
 • Density350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zoneGMT +2
 • Summer (DST)+3
HDI (2017)0.735[1]
high · 2nd

Administrative divisions Edit

Article 14 of the Administrative Divisions System of the Ministry of Interior divides Ajloun Governorate into two departments.

History Edit

During the Crusades, a general of Saladin, Izz Al-Din Osama, built a fortress on Mount Ouff. The region also hosts the famous Ajlun Castle (previously called Qal'at Salah Ad-Dein). The castle was built as a garrison structure to protect Ajloun's strategic location from crusaders.[2]

Along with Balqa and Karak governorates, Ajloun was formerly a united sanjak of the Ottoman Empire.[2]

Climate Edit

Ajloun is known for its high elevation, which makes it one of the coolest cities in Jordan, with an average maximum temperature during January of 8.2 degrees Celsius, and a minimum average temperature of 2.8 degrees Celsius. Snow is common during the winter.

Demographics Edit

The population of districts according to census results:[3]

District Population
(Census 1994)
(Census 2004)
(Census 2015)
Ajloun Governorate 94,548 118,725 176,080
Kufranjah 20,809 27,107 38,260
Qaṣabah 'Ajlūn 73,739 91,618 137,820

Economy Edit

The governorate depends mainly on agriculture. In 2008, olive, grape and fruit farms constituted a total area of 141.4 km2 which is 34% of the area of Ajloun Governorate.[4]

Education Edit

There are 28 primary and secondary schools in Ajloun, most of them being public institutions, such as Ajloun University College (a public college) and Ajloun National University, a small private university.

Major villages Edit

The most notable towns and villages in Ajloun (other than Ajloun self) are Ibbeen (Ebeen), Sakhra, Mrajjam, Rasoun, Ain Janna, Kufranji, Anjara and Al Hashimiyya.

Gallery Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ a b "Ajloun Governorate". moi.gov.jo. Retrieved 2022-10-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Jordan: Administrative Division, Governorates and Districts". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture - Jordan (Arabic)". moa.gov.jo. Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2012-05-14.