Balqa' (Arabic: البلقاء Al Balqā’) is one of the governorates of Jordan. It is located northwest of Amman, Jordan's capital.
|• Governor||Nayef Al-Hidayat|
|• Total||1,120 km2 (430 sq mi)|
|• Density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||GMT +2|
|• Summer (DST)||+3|
high · 4th
The governorate has the fourth largest population of the 12 governorates of Jordan, and is ranked 10th by area. It has the third highest population density in the kingdom after Irbid Governorate and Jerash Governorate.
The "Balqa" historically referred to the entire area of the eastern plateau of the Jordan Valley as early as the 7th century when Heraclius' brother Theodore fought an early campaign against the Arabs on the approaches to southern Syria. During biblical times, the southern part of Balqa was known as the Plains of Moab.
During World War I, the British army led by General Edmund Allenby entered Salt on 24 March 1918, in the Battles for Amman campaign, marking the end of a 500-year Ottoman rule.
On March 21, 1968, the town of Karameh near Shouna al-Janubiyya was the site of Battle of Karameh, between Israel on one side, and Jordan and Palestinian forces (Fatah, PLO) on the other side. It was one of the largest military confrontations of the War of Attrition, in the period between the Six-Day War of 1967 and the Yom Kippur War of 1973.
The capital of the Balqa' Governorate is Salt. Other cities and towns in the governorate are Mahis, Fuhais and Ain Al-Basha.
|Department||Arabic name||population (2004)||Administrative Center|
|1||Capital Department (Al-Qasaba)||لواء قصبة اﻟﺴﻠﻂ||109,877||Salt|
|2||Ash-Shunah al-Janubiyah District||ﻟﻮاء اﻟﺸﻮﻧﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ||38,757||Shuna al-Janubiyya|
|3||Deir Alla District||ﻟﻮاء دﻳﺮ ﻋﻼ||46,481||Deir Alla|
|4||Ain Al Basha District||ﻟﻮاء ﻋﻴﻦ اﻟﺒﺎﺷﺎ||128,949||Ain Al-Basha|
|5||Mahis and Fuheis District||ﻟﻮاء ﻣﺎﺣﺺ واﻟﻔﺤﻴﺺ||22,290||Mahis|
The population of districts according to census results:
|Māḥeṣ & al-Fuḥaīṣ||...||22,290||36,670|
Due to its fertile mountains, the governorate's economy is based on agriculture, as well as industry, such as the cement factory in Fuheis, run by Jordan Cement Factories Ltd - Lafarge, and pharmaceutical companies including the Arab Pharmaceutical Manufacturing company.
There are two universities in the governorate: Balqa Applied University (BAU), located near the Salt ring road, and Al-Ahliyya Amman University (AAU) located on the main highway between Amman and Salt. It is also home to the SESAME facility, the first research facility of its type in the Middle East.
- ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- ^ Howard-Johnston, James, Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century, Oxford University Press, 2010, p. 373
- ^ 2004 Census Archived July 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Jordan: Administrative Division, Governorates and Districts". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 December 2016.