An aircraft flight manual (AFM) is a paper book or electronic information set containing information required to operate an aircraft of certain type or particular aircraft of that type (each AFM is tailored for a specific aircraft, though aircraft of the same type naturally have very similar AFMs). The information within an AFM is also referred to a Technical Airworthiness Data (TAWD). A typical flight manual will contain the following: operating limitations, Normal/Abnormal/Emergency operating procedures, performance data and loading information.
An AFM will often include:
- V speeds
- Aircraft gross weight
- Maximum ramp weight
- Maximum takeoff weight
- Manufacturer's empty weight
- Operating empty weight
- Centre of gravity limitations
- Zero-fuel weight
- Takeoff distance
- Landing distance
Originally, an AFM would follow whichever format and order the manufacturer felt appropriate. Eventually, the General Aviation Manufacturers Association came to an agreement to standardize in a GAMA Specification No. 1 the format of AFM's for general aviation airplanes and helicopters known as the Pilot's Operating Handbook (POH).
The chapters of a POH always follow the format of:
- Emergency Procedures
- Normal Procedures
- Weight and Balance/Equipment List
- Systems Description
- Handling, Service, and Maintenance
- Airworthiness manual. Doc 9760. 3rd Edition. Montreal: ICAO. 2014. ISBN 9789292494544.
- "Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge : Chapter 9. Flight Manuals and Other Documents" (PDF). US FAA. Retrieved 2022-02-05.