Agnos (French pronunciation: ​[aɲɔs]; Occitan: Anhòs) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. Agnos is part of the urban area (unité urbaine) of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.[3]

Agnos
The Mielle at Agnos
The Mielle at Agnos
Location of Agnos
Agnos is located in France
Agnos
Agnos
Agnos is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Agnos
Agnos
Coordinates: 43°09′50″N 0°37′05″W / 43.164°N 0.618°W / 43.164; -0.618Coordinates: 43°09′50″N 0°37′05″W / 43.164°N 0.618°W / 43.164; -0.618
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementOloron-Sainte-Marie
CantonOloron-Sainte-Marie-1
IntercommunalityHaut Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) André Bernos[1]
Area
1
9.18 km2 (3.54 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
1,037
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64007 /64400
Elevation247–535 m (810–1,755 ft)
(avg. 250 m or 820 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Agnosiens or Agnosiennes[4]

Access door to the Castle

GeographyEdit

Agnos is located just 2 km south of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and some 25 km southwest of Pau. It can be accessed on the D155 road from Bidos in the northeast coming southwest to the village then continuing southeast to Gurmençon. The D555 road also passes through the commune from the north and joins the D155 northeast of the village.[5] The commune is mixed farmland and forests with the forests scattered throughout the commune.

The river Mielle, a tributary of the Gave d'Oloron (Adour basin), flows through the commune.[6]

Places and hamletsEdit

  • La Baig[7]
  • Candalot
  • Dufau
  • Fontaine Anglade
  • Laborde-Boy
  • Lasserre
  • Ledorré
  • Logecoop
  • Mirande
  • Le Plouts
  • Sayette
  • Sentin

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

ToponymyEdit

The commune name in béarnais is Anhos. Michel Grosclaude suggested that Agnos came from a Latin man's name Annius with an Aqitaine suffix -ossum the whole meaning "domain of Annius".[8]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Agnos Anhos 1364 Raymond
3
Fors de Béarn Village
Aynhos 14th century Raymond
3
Census
Aignos 1675 Raymond
3
Reformation
Agnos 18th century Grosclaude
Agnos 1750 Cassini
La Baig La Baig 1863 Raymond
3
Forest

Sources:

Origins:

HistoryEdit

Paul Raymond noted on page 3 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Agnos had seventeen fires and depended on the bailiwick of Oloron.[7]

The commune was merged with Gurmençon on 1 February 1973 to form the commune called Val-du-Gave d'Aspe. It was restored to its previous status on 1 January 1983.

AdministrationEdit

List of Successive Mayors of Agnos[12]

From To Name Party
1995 2026 André Bernos PS

Inter-communalityEdit

The town is part of five inter-communal organisations:

  • the Community of communes of Haut Béarn
  • the SIVU to limit floods in Agnos
  • the AEP Union for Agnos-Gurmençon
  • the Inter-communal Union for Sanitisation for the Aspe gateway
  • the energy union for Pyrénées-Atlantiques

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 346—    
1800 301−1.97%
1806 328+1.44%
1821 375+0.90%
1831 421+1.16%
1836 479+2.61%
1841 473−0.25%
1846 482+0.38%
1851 461−0.89%
1856 431−1.34%
1861 431+0.00%
1866 419−0.56%
1872 407−0.48%
1876 372−2.22%
1881 402+1.56%
1886 384−0.91%
1891 405+1.07%
1896 405+0.00%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 412+0.34%
1906 406−0.29%
1911 403−0.15%
1921 401−0.05%
1926 374−1.38%
1931 373−0.05%
1936 368−0.27%
1946 351−0.47%
1954 390+1.33%
1962 372−0.59%
1968 353−0.87%
1975 465+4.02%
1982 478+0.39%
1990 645+3.82%
1999 751+1.70%
2007 834+1.32%
2012 910+1.76%
2017 1,019+2.29%
Source: EHESS[13] and INSEE[14]

EconomyEdit

The activity of the commune is mainly agricultural (farming, polyculture). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) of ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritageEdit

Religious HeritageEdit

 
Church from the 19th century

The Church has a Trinitarian steeple (the presence of a Bell-gable or campenard). It contains many items which are registered as historical objects (although some were destroyed by fire in 1968):

Environmental heritageEdit

The Forests of Bugangue[22] and Labaigt are inter-association woods managed by the National Office of Forests (ONF)[23] which provide valuable shelter for preserving local flora and fauna. Many species are protected. An arboretum is a result of collaboration with the ONF.[24]

The Mielle, a small stream that rises in Agnos, is listed in the Natura 2000 program for three rare species: white-clawed crayfish, European pond turtles, and the rare European mink which does not exist anywhere in France except in the south-west.

The Pyrenees are rich in scenery and the village of Agnos is the starting point of one of the most attractive routes for cycling across the foothills: From Agnos to Mail Arrouil and back (four hours of cycling or seven hours of walking) in a variety of environments, moors, rocks, meadows with views of the Pyrenees. This route, like many others, is managed by the local hiking plan of the Community of communes of Piémont Oloronais (CCPO).[25]

FacilitiesEdit

 
Primary school
Associations

The model aircraft club[26] welcomes its members in the Sayette neighborhood.

Education

The town has a primary school.

Multi-Media Library

The Multi-media library project of the CCPO identified the municipal library of Agnos as a relay point.

Sports and sports equipment

The basketball club merged with that of Asasp in 2006 to form BCHB (Basketball Club of Haut-Bearn).

Notable People linked to the communeEdit

  • Catherine Capdevielle, born in 1938 in Agnos, is an athlete specialising in ordeal sprinting.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Commune d'Agnos (64007), INSEE
  4. ^ "Le nom des habitants du 64 - Pyrénées-Atlantiques - Habitants". www.habitants.fr.
  5. ^ "Agnos · France". Agnos · France.
  6. ^ Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau - La Mielle (Q7000570)".
  7. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  8. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  9. ^ "France 1750 - David Rumsey Historical Map Collection". rumsey.geogarage.com.
  10. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Weinland, Robert. "francegenweb.org - votre service benevole d'assistance genealogique". www.francegenweb.org.
  13. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Agnos, EHESS. (in French)
  14. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000537 Altar (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000536 6 Candlesticks (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000535 Cross (in French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000534 Tabernacle (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000006 Chalice (in French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000005 Ciborium (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000003 Retable (in French)
  22. ^ "amisdebugangue.fr". www.amisdebugangue.fr. Archived from the original on August 18, 2013.
  23. ^ "Office national des forêts". Office national des forêts.
  24. ^ "Village d'Agnos". www.agnos.fr.
  25. ^ "Accueil". Communauté de commune du Haut-Béarn.
  26. ^ "Bienvenue au Club de Aéromodélisme d'Agnos/Oloron". ww1.aeromodelisme-agnos.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2013.

External linksEdit