Open main menu

Agnelo Rossi (4 May 1913 – 21 May 1995) was a Brazilian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Agnelo Rossi
Dean Emeritus of the College of Cardinals
Dom Agnelo Rossi (1967).tif
Cardinal Rossi in 1967.
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed19 December 1986
Term ended31 May 1993
PredecessorCarlo Confalonieri
SuccessorBernardin Gantin
Other postsCardinal-Bishop of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto (1984-95)
Ordination27 March 1937
by Luigi Traglia
Consecration15 April 1956
by Paulo de Tarso Campos
Created cardinal22 February 1965
by Pope Paul VI
RankCardinal-Priest (1965-84)
Cardinal-Bishop (1984-95)
Personal details
Birth nameAgnelo Rossi
Born(1913-05-04)4 May 1913
Joaquím Egidio, Brazil
Died21 May 1995(1995-05-21) (aged 82)
Indaiatuba, Brazil
Previous post
Alma materPontifical Gregorian University
MottoOportet illum regnare
Coat of armsAgnelo Rossi's coat of arms
Styles of
Agnelo Rossi
Coat of arms of Agnelo Rossi.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeSabina e Poggio Mirteto (suburbicarian), Ostia (suburbicarian)


Rossi was born on 4 May 1913 in Joaquim Egidio, Brazil, in the Diocese of Campinas. In 1933 he left his Brazilian home for Rome. There he studied at the Pontifical College Pio Brasileiro and the Pontifical Gregorian University. He was ordained a priest on 27 March 1937 in the Patriarchal Lateran Basilica by Luigi Traglia, Vicegerent of Rome.[1]

Rossi subsequently met duties in Brazil, as secretary to the Bishop of Campinas for one year and as faculty member of the Central Seminary of São Paulo and the faculty of economic science of the University of Campinas. He was canon of the cathedral chapter of Campinas 1943–1956.

In 1956 Rossi was appointed Bishop of Barra do Piraí within the metropolitan district of Rio de Janeiro. Paulo de Tarso Campos, bishop of his home diocese Campinas, consecrated him in the same year. Rossi was named Archbishop of Ribeirão Preto in 1962. Two years later he was transferred to the Archiepiscopal see of São Paulo, which he held until 1970.

In the consistory of 1965 Rossi was created Cardinal-Priest by Pope Paul VI, and he received the title of Gran Madre di Dio. In 1970 he was appointed Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, the recently renamed Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide. He participated in the two conclaves of 1978 (I, II).[2][3]

In 1984 he was promoted to Cardinal Bishop of Sabina e Poggio Morteto by Pope John Paul II; two years later he received the title of Bishop of Ostia in addition, becoming Dean of the College of Cardinals. He was President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See from 1984 to 1989.[4]

He resigned as president in 1989 and as Dean in 1993; because he ceased to be Dean, he gave up the title of Bishop of Ostia. He subsequently returned to Brazil. Cardinal Rossi died on 21 May 1995 in Campinas.[5]

See alsoEdit


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Carlo Confalonieri
Dean of the College of Cardinals
19 December 1986 – 31 May 1993
Succeeded by
Bernardin Gantin
Preceded by
Emanuele Clarizio
as Pro-Prefect
President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See
8 April 1984 – 6 December 1989
Succeeded by
Rosalio José Castillo Lara
Preceded by
Grégoire-Pierre Agagianian
as Prefect
Prefect for the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
22 October 1970 – 8 April 1984
Succeeded by
Dermot Ryan
as Pro-Prefect
Preceded by
Carlos Carmelo Vasconcellos Motta
Archbishop of São Paulo
1 November 1964 – 22 October 1970
Succeeded by
Paulo Evaristo Arns
Preceded by
Luis do Amaral Mousinho
Archbishop of Ribeirão Preto
6 September 1962 – 1 November 1964
Succeeded by
Felix da Cunha Vasconcellos
Preceded by
José André Coimbra
Bishop of Barra do Piraí-Volta Redonda
5 March 1956 – 6 September 1962
Succeeded by
Altivo Pacheco Ribeiro


  1. ^ "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church". Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Conclave - August 1978". Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Conclave - October 1978". Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Agnelo Cardinal Rossi". Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  5. ^ Reuters. "Agnelo Rossi, 82, Brazilian Cardinal". The New York Times Company. Retrieved 7 August 2019.