Afzal Khan Shirazi
He was born in Shiraz in Safavid Persia where his father was a petty revenue collector in Fars. Two of his father's brothers held financial positions in Iran, whilst two others were engaged in trade between Iran and India.
He came to Mughal India in the early 1600s and spent time in the retinue of Shah Jahan whilst the latter was still a prince. He later attained the post of imperial procurement officer during the reign of Jahangir and continued the role during the early years of Shah Jahan's reign. He was accompanied to India by his brother Amanat Khan, who became renowned for designing the calligraphic inscriptions on the Taj Mahal.
In the later reign of Shah Jahan, Afzal Khan was elavated to the position of wazir, or prime minister. He was regarded as one of the most widely admired men of his era and was a particular favourite of Shah Jahan. He was praised for his intellect, administrative abilities and mysticism, and his dedication to "maximising economic productivity and the affluence of the people."
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