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Chini Ka Rauza, in Agra

Chini ka Rauza is a funerary monument, rauza in Agra, India, containing the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah, a scholar and poet who was the Prime Minister of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The tomb was built in 1635. Chini ka Rauza is situated just 1 kilometer north of Itmad-Ud-Daulah Tomb, on the eastern bank of Yamuna river in Agra.

The facade of the monument is also known for one of finest examples of glazed tile work, called kashi or chini in Mughal era buildings.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Chini ka Rauza, Agra

Also known as China Tomb, this is the mausoleum of Afzal Khan who was a Persian poet during the reign of Jahangir. Later he became the wazir during Shah Jahan's reign. Khan died in Lahore in 1639 and was buried here at Agra.[2] The tomb is built facing the city of Mecca.[3]

ArchitectureEdit

 
Damaged yet intricate pietra dura inlay work at Chini Ka Rauza

The structure's architectural style is "unusual". This is because of the exotic architectural style in which it is built. It is "unusually plain" possessing a sultanate style unproportional dome.[4]

Due to the inclement weather, the various types of enamel colors have worn away from the tiles. In the facades, the builders used earthern pots to reduce the weight of the concrete filling which was followed in Rome and Egypt.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stephen Meredyth Edwardes (1930). Mughal Rule in India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. pp. 332–. ISBN 978-81-7156-551-1. 
  2. ^ a b Havell, p.92
  3. ^ Peck, p.74
  4. ^ Peck, p.75

NotesEdit

  • Ernest Binfield Havell. A Handbook to Agra and the Taj, Sikandra, Fatehpur-Sikri, and the Neighbourhood. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120617117. 
  • Lucy Peck. Agra: The Architectural Heritage. Roli Books Private Limited. ISBN 9788174369420. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 27°12′03″N 78°02′03″E / 27.20083°N 78.03417°E / 27.20083; 78.03417