Adonis flammea

Adonis flammea, large pheasant's eye,[1] is a species of plant belonging to the family Ranunculaceae.

Adonis flammea
Adonis flammea in Mardin.jpg
Adonis flammea in Mardin, Turkey
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Adonis
A. flammea
Binomial name
Adonis flammea


The plant is similar to Adonis annua but is more robust with large flowers, 2–3 cm in diameter, usually with narrow and oblong petals , dark scarlet sepals that are attached to the petals. It can distinguished by its mottled black achenes having a rounded bulge just below the peak. It blooms in spring and summer.[2][3]

Distribution and habitatEdit

Calcareous fields in the Anatolia, the Levant Central and Southern Europe.[4][5][6]


Adonis flammea , was described by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin and published in Florae Austriaceae 4: 29, in the year 1776.[7]


Adonis : according to Stearn's Dictionary of Plant Names, the genus names derives from the Adonis, a Greek deity: "The flower is supposed to have sprung from the blood of Adonis who was gored to death by a wild boar. He was beloved of Aphrodite and by some accounts was unsuccessfully wooed by her. Adonis was regarded by the Greeks as the god of plants. It was believed that he disappeared into the earth in autumn and winter only to reappear in spring and summer. To celebrate his return, the Greeks adopted the Semitic custom of making Adonis gardens, consisting of clay pots of quickly growing seeds."[8]

Flammea :Latin epithet that means "flame-like".[9]


Chromosome number of Adonis flammea (Fam. Ranunculaceae) and infraspecific taxa: n = 16.[10]


  • Adonis anomala Wallr.
  • Adonis caudata Steven
  • Adonis flammea var. Anomala (Wallr.) Beck
  • Adonis flammea subsp. Cortiana C.Steinb.
  • Adonis flammea var. Cortiana (CHSteinb.) WTWang
  • Adonis flammea var. Polypetala Lange
  • Adonis flammea subsp. Polypetala (Lange) CHSteinb.
  • Adonis involucrata S.Pons


  1. ^ "BioLib: Biological library".
  2. ^ "Adonis flammea -Alpine Garden Society - Plant Encyclopaedia". Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  3. ^ PERONNET, Aurélien. "France métropolitaine". Tela Botanica (in French). Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  4. ^ John., Akeroyd; Rosemary., Mise; María., Birules (1989-01-01). Guía fotográfica de las flores silvestres de España y de Europa. Omega. ISBN 8428208573. OCLC 435427739.
  5. ^ "Catalogue of Life : Adonis flammea Jacq". Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  6. ^ Tristram, Henry Baker (2013-05-06). The Fauna and Flora of Palestine. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108042048.
  7. ^ "Tropicos | Name - Adonis flammea Jacq". Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  8. ^ "Botanical names - Page AB-AM". Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  9. ^ "Dictionary of Botanical Epithets". Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  10. ^ IOPB. Chromosome data 7 (ed. A. Stace). Diosdado, J. C. & al. (1994) Intern. Organ. Plant Biosyst. 22: 3-4