Adonis annua

Adonis annua (syn. Adonis autumnalis L.,[1] Adonis phoenicea Bercht. & J.Presl.[1]), also known[† 1] as pheasant's-eye,[4] Adonis' flower, autumn Adonis,[4] autumn pheasant's-eye, blooddrops, red chamomile, red Morocco, rose-a-ruby, soldiers-in-green, is an ornamental plant of the family Ranunculaceae.

Adonis annua flor.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Adonis
A. annua
Binomial name
Adonis annua

It is native to North Africa, Western Asia, the Mediterranean, and Europe. The name Bird's Eye is also associated with the bird's-eye primrose. Pheasant's eye is also an alternative name for poet's narcissus.

Adonis annua grows to a height of 10 in (25 cm). The flowers are often scarlet in color with darker spots at the base.

In the UK, Adonis annua is endangered and listed as a priority species under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.[5]

The leaves and roots are poisonous to humans and livestock.[6]


  1. ^ Other common names include Adonis Flos[2] and Flos Adonis.[3]


  1. ^ a b Adonis annua L. in The Plant List
  2. ^ Temple Henry Croker, Thomas Williams, Samuel Clark, The complete dictionary of arts and sciences, 1764
  3. ^ "Selby's Flycatcher" in John James Audubon, Ornithological Biography, 1831.
  4. ^ a b Adonis annua L. in Tropicos
  5. ^ "Pheasant's-eye". plantlife. Archived from the original on 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
  6. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi (May 3, 2012). CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants. CRC Press.

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