Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam

ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muljam al-Murādī (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن ملجم المرادي) was a Khariji known for having assassinated Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth caliph of Islam.

Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam
Died661
Criminal chargeMurder
PenaltyExecution
Details
VictimsAli ibn Abi Talib
DateJanuary 661 (661-01)
Killed1
WeaponPoisoned sword

Assassination plotEdit

A number of the Kharijites met in Mecca and discussed the 659 Battle of Nahrawan, at which hundreds of their comrades were killed by forces of Ali, after their defection from Ali's army. They agreed to assassinate three of the leaders of Islam: ibn Muljam was to kill Ali, al-Hujjaj al-Tamimi was to kill Mu'awiya, and Amr ibn Bakr al-Tamimi was to kill 'Amr ibn al-'As. The assassination attempts were to occur simultaneously as the three leaders came to lead morning prayer in their respective cities of Kufa, Damascus and Fustat. The method was to come out of the prayer ranks and strike the targets with a sword dipped in poison.[1][additional citation(s) needed] On 22 January of that year, Amr escaped an assassination attempt by the Kharijite Zadawayh or Amr ibn Bakr, who killed Amr's stand-in for the Friday prayers, Kharija ibn Hudhafa, mistaking the latter for Amr.[2][3] When the Kharijite was apprehended and brought before him, Amr proclaimed "You wanted me, but God wanted Kharija!" and he personally executed him.[3]

Assassination of AliEdit

On January 26, 661, while praying in the Great Mosque of Kufa, Ali was attacked by Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam. He was wounded by ibn Muljam's poison-coated sword while prostrating during the Fajr prayer.[4] Medical treatment for Ali was undertaken by Atheer bin Amr As-Sakooni, a leading physician; however, Ali succumbed to his injuries on January 28, 661.[5]

Three days later Ali's son, Hasan ibn Ali, personally performed the execution of Ibn Muljam.[6][7]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Cook, David (January 15, 2007). Martyrdom in Islam. Cambridge University Press. pp. 54–55. ISBN 978-0521615518.
  2. ^ Wensinck 1960, p. 451.
  3. ^ a b Hawting 1996, pp. 223–224.
  4. ^ Tabatabai 1977, p. 192
  5. ^ As-Sallabi, Ali Muhammad. Biography of Ali Ibn Abi Talib. Darussalam Publishers.
  6. ^ "The End Of Ibn Muljim And His Cohorts". Maaref-foundation.com. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  7. ^ "Death of Ali". Ismaili.net. Retrieved 2019-01-29.

Cited sourcesEdit

Further readingEdit