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Sharif Abd al-Ilah Pasha ibn Muhammad (Arabic: الشريف عبد الإله باشا بن محمدal-Sharīf ‘Abd al-Ilāh Bāshā ibn Muḥammad; Ottoman Turkish: شريف عبد الإله پاشا بن محمد‎ Şerif Abdülilah Paşa bin Muhammed; 1845 – 27 October 1908) was a sharif of the Awn clan who was briefly proclaimed Sharif and Emir of Mecca in 1882. He was appointed again in 1908 but died before reaching Mecca.

Sharif

Abd al-Ilah

Pasha
الشريف عبد الإله باشا
Sharif and Emir of Mecca
In office
24 September 1908 – 27 October 1908
Preceded byAli Pasha ibn Abd Allah
Succeeded byHusayn Pasha ibn Ali
In office
September 1882 – October 1882
Preceded byAbd al-Muttalib ibn Ghalib
Succeeded byAwn ar-Rafiq Pasha
Personal details
Born1845
Died29 October 1908(1908-10-29) (aged 62–63)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
FatherMuhammad Ibn Awn

Contents

BiographyEdit

Sharif Abd al-Ilah was born in 1261 AH (1845), the youngest son of Sharif Muhammad Ibn Awn.[1]

On 28 Shawwal 1299 AH (September 1882) Vali Osman Nuri Pasha deposed Sharif Abd al-Muttalib ibn Ghalib of the Zayd clan and unilaterally installed Abd al-Ilah as Emir. In late Dhi al-Qidah 1299 AH (October 1882) Sultan Abd al-Hamid overturned the appointment and instead appointed Abd al-Ilah's brother Awn al-Rafiq as Emir. Abd al-Ilah served as acting Emir until his brother's arrival in early Dhi al-Hijjah (October 1882).[2][3] In 1883 he moved to Istanbul where on 24 Rabi al-Awwal (3 February 1883) he was awarded the rank of vezir and appointed to the Council of State.[4][2][3]

After Awn al-Rafiq's death in 1905, Abd al-Ilah was rejected for the Emirate in favor of his nephew Sharif Ali ibn Abd Allah, who was actively support by Vali Ratib Pasha.[5] After Ali was deposed, Abd al-Ilah was finally named Emir on 28 Ramadan 1326 (24 October 1908). However only a few days later he died in Istanbul, on 2 or 3 Shawwal 1326 AH (27 or 28 October 1908).[6][1]

HonoursEdit

  • Rank of Vezir, 3 February 1883
  • Nişan-ı Osmani, 1st Class[4]
  • Nişan-ı Mecidi, 1st Class[4]

ResidenceEdit

His seaside residence, the Şerifler Yalısı ("yalı of the Sharif") in the Emirgan neighborhood of Istanbul, has been converted into a museum.[1]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Uzunçarşılı 2003, pp. 227–228.
  2. ^ a b Dahlan 2007, pp. 427–429.
  3. ^ a b Al-Ghazi 2009, pp. 131–132.
  4. ^ a b c "Salname-yi Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmaniye" (PDF) (in Ottoman Turkish) (39). Istanbul. 1884 [1301 AH]: 66.
  5. ^ Ochsenwald 1984, p. 214.
  6. ^ Al-Ghazi 2009, p. 172.

ReferencesEdit

  • Ochsenwald, William (1984). Religion, society, and the state in Arabia : the Hijaz under Ottoman control, 1840-1908. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. ISBN 0814203663.
  • al-Ghāzī, ‘Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad (2009). ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Duhaysh (ed.). Ifādat al-anām إفادة الأنام (in Arabic). 4 (1st ed.). Makkah: Maktabat al-Asadī.
  • Uzunçarşılı, İsmail Hakkı (2003). Ashrāf Makkat al-Mukarramah wa-umarāʼihā fī al-ʻahd al-ʻUthmānī أشراف مكة المكرمة وأمرائها في العهد العثماني (in Arabic). Translated by Murād, Khalīl ʻAlī (1st ed.). Beirut: al-Dār al-‘Arabīyah lil-Mawsū‘āt.
  • Daḥlan, Aḥmad Zaynī (2007) [1887/1888]. Khulāṣat al-kalām fī bayān umarā’ al-Balad al-Ḥarām خلاصة الكلام في بيان أمراء البلد الحرام. Dār Arḍ al-Ḥaramayn.
‘Abd al-Ilāh ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Mu‘īn ibn ‘Awn
House of ‘Awn
Branch of the House of Qatādah
Born: 1845 Died: 27 October 1908
Political offices
Preceded by
Abd al-Muttalib ibn Ghalib
Sharif and Emir of Mecca
September 1882 – October 1882
Succeeded by
Awn ar-Rafiq Pasha
Preceded by
Ali Pasha ibn Abd Allah
Sharif and Emir of Mecca
24 October 1908 – 27 October 1908
Succeeded by
Husayn Pasha ibn Ali