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Aditya Narayan Dhairyasheel Haksar (born 3 December 1933) is a well known translator of Sanskrit classics into English.[1] Born in Gwalior, central India, he is a graduate of The Doon School, Allahabad University and Oxford University. He was a career diplomat, serving as Indian High Commissioner to Kenya and the Seychelles, Minister in the United States, Ambassador to Portugal and Yugoslavia, and he also served as Dean of India's Foreign Service Institute and President of the U.N. Environment Programme's Governing Council.[1][2]

Translations from Sanskrit to EnglishEdit

Haksar is noted for his collection of translations from Sanskrit.[2] These include

  • The Shattered Thigh & Other Plays of Bhasa,[3]
  • Dandin's Tales of the Ten Princes,[4]
  • the fables of Narayana's Hitopadesha,[5]
  • the story collection Simhasana Dvatrimsika,[6]
  • the verse anthology Subhashitavali,[7]
  • the Kama Sutra,[8]
  • Three Satires from Ancient Kashmir,[9]
  • Tales from the Panchatantra,[10] and
  • the Jatakamala of Arya Shura.

He has also edited

Haksar has increasingly focused on the kathā or narrative Sanskrit literature, the manuscript archive of which may amount to some 40,000 volumes.[13] This is in part because many generations of orientalist scholars had overlooked this rich tradition in favor of more ancient religious texts.[14] His katha translations include Shuka Saptati,[15] and the first ever renditions into English of Madhavanala Katha and Samaya Matrika, respectively published as Madhav & Kama[16] and The Courtesan's Keeper.[17]


  1. ^ "Penguin India".
  2. ^ "United Nations Environmental Programme".
  3. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (1993). The Shattered Thigh & Other Plays of Bhasa. Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-143-10430-8.
  4. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (1995). Tales of the Ten Princes. Penguin Books.
  5. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (1998). Narayana's Hitopadesha. Penguin Classics.
  6. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (1998). Simhasana Dvatrimsika. Penguin Classics.
  7. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (2007). Subhashitavali. Penguin Classics.
  8. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (2011). The Kama Sutra. Penguin Classics.
  9. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (2011). Three Satires from Ancient Kashmir. Penguin Classics.
  10. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (1992). Tales from the Panchatantra. NationalBook Trust India.
  11. ^ Haksar, A. N. D., ed. (1995). Glimpses of Sanskrit Literature. Indian Council for Cultural Relations.
  12. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (2002). A Treasury of Sanskrit Poetry. Indian Council for Cultural Relations. ISBN 978-8-175-41116-6.
  13. ^ Ingalls, Dan (1980). Sanskrit and OCR (Speech). Xerox PARC. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  14. ^ "An Interview with A. N. D. Haksar". Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  15. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (2008). Shuka Saptati. Harper Collins India. ISBN 978-8-172-23370-9.
  16. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (2006). Madhav & Kama. Roli Books. ISBN 978-8-186-93924-6.
  17. ^ Haksar, A. N. D. (2009). The Courtesan's Keeper. Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-8-129-11336-8.