8 Man (8マン) or Eightman (エイトマン, Eitoman) or 8th Man (8人目, 8 Hitome, in the US) is a manga and superhero anime created in 1963 by science fiction writer Kazumasa Hirai and manga artist Jiro Kuwata.[2] 8 Man is considered Japan's earliest cyborg superhero, pre-dating Kamen Rider. [3]

8 Man
Image from the 1960s television series
Written byKazumasa Hirai
Illustrated byJiro Kuwata
Published byKodansha
MagazineWeekly Shōnen Magazine
Original run19631966
Anime television series
Directed byHaruyuki Kawajima
Music byTetsuaki Hagiwara
Original networkTBS
English network
Original run 7 November 1963 31 December 1964
Live-action television film
8 Man Has Returned
Directed byAkinori Kikuchi
Written byMasakazu Shirai
Original networkFuji TV
Released31 August 1987
Live-action film
8 Man Before: Subete no Sabishii Yoru no Tame ni
Directed byYasuhiro Horiuchi
Produced byIsao Urushidani
Written byMitsuyuki Miyazaki
Junko Suzuki
Music byCarole King
Original video animation
8 Man After
Directed byYoriyasu Kogawa
Produced byKoji Honda
Norihisa Abe
Shinji Komori
Licensed by
Released August 21, 1993 November 22, 1993
Runtime25–30 minutes (each)[1]
8 Man After
Written byMasahiro Suematsu
Published byKodansha
MagazineWeekly Shōnen Magazine
Original run19941995
8 Man Infinity
Written byKyoichi Nanatsuki
Illustrated byTakayuki Takashi
Published byKodansha
MagazineMagazine Z
Original run20052007

The manga was published in Weekly Shōnen Magazine and ran from 1963 to 1966. The anime series was produced by Eiken in association with TCJ Animation Center. It was broadcast on Tokyo Broadcasting System and ran from November 17, 1963, to December 31, 1964, with a total of 56 episodes, as well as a "farewell" special episode, "Goodbye, 8 Man".

Plot Edit

Detective Yokoda is murdered by criminals and his body is retrieved by Professor Tani. Tani takes the body to his laboratory where he attempts to transfer Yokoda's life force into an android body, an experiment that has already failed seven times. Yokoda is reborn as the armour-skinned android 8 Man and is able to dash at impossible speeds as well as shape-shift into other people. He takes on his former body, this time taking on the name "Hachiro Azuma." He keeps this identity a secret, known only to Tani and his police boss, Chief Tanaka. Even his girlfriend Sachiko and his friend Ichiro are not aware that he is an android. As 8-Man, Hachiro fights crime–eventually avenging his own murder. To rejuvenate his powers, he smokes "energy" cigarettes that he carries in a case on his belt.[4]

In Japan, the character's origin varies significantly between the original manga, the TV series, and the live-action movie. In the original Japanese manga and TV series, the character's name does not change when he is reborn as 8 Man. The "Detective Yokoda" name was created for the live-action version. In the manga, Detective Azuma is trapped in a warehouse and gunned down, while the TV series has him killed when he is run over by a car. In contrast, the original Japanese version had the main character named as "8 Man", as he is considered an extra member of the Japanese police force. There are seven regular police precincts and 8 Man is treated as an unofficial eighth precinct.

The Japanese manga was presented as serial novella stories along with a set of one-shot stories. Many of these stories were edited down and adapted for the TV series. The novella stories were originally printed every week in Shukuu Shōnen Magazine in 16-page increments that consisted of 15 story pages and one title page. Ten additional one-shot stories were presented in seasonal and holiday specials of Shuukuu Shōnen Magazine. These stories were generally between 30 and 40 pages in length.

In the North American version of the series, the resurrected detective/android is known as "Tobor" - the word "robot" spelled backwards. Tani is referred to as "Professor Genius" and the sobriquet of 8-Man is slightly changed to "8th-Man," the name explained as he is the 8th attempt to be a super-robot. The story content was directed toward a wider audience of both young and adult viewers. As such, much of the violence was toned down for Western audiences.

Original Japanese manga story titles Edit

Novella stories Edit

  • 怪人ゲーレン (Kaijin Geren) - Galen, the Mystery Man
  • サタンの兄弟 (Satan no Kyodai) - Satan's Brothers
  • 怪力ロボット007 (Kairiki Robotto 007) - Strange Powered Robot 007
  • 光線兵器レーザー (Kosen Heiki Reza) - The Laser Beam Gun
  • 超人サイバー (Chojin Saiba) - Cyber, the Superhuman
  • 人間ミサイル (Ningen Misairu) - The Human Missile
  • 殺人ロボット005 (Satsujin Robotto 005) - Murderous Robot 005
  • 魔女エスパー (Majo Esupa) - Esper, the Witch
  • 超人類ミュータント (Chojinrui Myutanto) - Superhuman Mutant
  • 魔人コズマ (Majin Kozuma) - The Demon Kozuma
The strip's artist Jiro Kuwata was imprisoned for possession of a handgun before the final 16-page serial of "The Demon Kozuma" was completed.[5] The final serial was drawn by Takaharu Kusunoki for the magazine version. Jiro Kuwata later redrew the final pages of the story himself by request of Kazumasa Hirai and Rim Publishing, so that they could publish a complete version of the final story.[citation needed] The publishers were not able to use Kusunoki's artwork, so the story was omitted or left incomplete in previous official releases[citation needed]

Short episode stories Edit

  • 死刑囚タランチュラ - The Condemned Criminal Tarantula
  • 決闘 - The Duel
  • シャドウ・ボクサー - Shadow Boxer
  • 復讐鬼ゴースト - Vengeful Demon Ghost
  • 超振動砲 - The Super Vibration Gun
  • マッド・マシン - Mad Machine
  • サイボーグPV1号 - Cyborg Number PV1
  • 殺し屋イライジャ - The Assassin Elijah
  • 燃える水 - Burning Water
  • 幽霊ハイウェイ - Phantom Highway
  • 太陽衛星サンダー (単行本未収録) - Solar Satellite "Thunder" (unreleased story)
This was intended as a lead-in to a series of 23 manga stories adapted from the TV series.

Original Japanese TV series episode titles Edit

  1. エイトマン登場 - Introducing Eightman
  2. 殺し屋ゲーレン - Galen, the Hitman
  3. サタンの兄弟 - Satan's Brother
  4. 死刑台B3 - The B3 Gallows
  5. 暗黒カプセル - The Darkness Capsule
  6. 黄金ギャング - The Gold Gang
  7. 消音ジェット機 - The Stealth Jetplane
  8. 超小型ミサイル - The Ultra Micro Missile
  9. 光線銃レーザー - The Lazer Ray Gun
  10. ロボット007 - Robot 007
  11. まぼろしの暗殺者 - The Phantom Assassin
  12. 海底のウラン - The Undersea Uranium
  13. 人間パンチカード - The Human Punch Card
  14. スーパーパイロット - The Super Pilot
  15. 黒い幽霊 - The Black Ghost
  16. 怪盗黄金虫 - Goldbeetle, the Mysterious Thief
  17. 超音波ドクター - The Ultrasonic Wave Doctor
  18. 台風男爵 - The Typhoon Baron
  19. ゲーレンの逆襲 - Galen Strikes Again
  20. スパイ指令100号 - Spy Directive No. 100
  21. ロボットタイガー - The Robot Tiger
  22. ゼロへの挑戦 - Challenge to Zero
  23. ナポレオン13世 - Napoleon the 13th
  24. サラマンダー作戦 - Operation: Salamander
  25. 超人サイバー - Cyber, the Superhuman
  26. 地球ゼロアワー - Zero Hour: Earth
  27. 大怪物イーラ - Eeler, the Giant Monster
  28. バクテリア作戦 - Operation: Bacteria
  29. 人間ミサイル - The Human Missile
  30. サイボーグ人間C1号 - Cyborg No. C1
  31. 幽霊ハイウェイ - The Phantom Highway
  32. 太陽衛星サンダー - Thunder, the Solar Satellite
  33. 人工生命ヴァルカン - Vulcan, the Artificial Lifeform
  34. 決闘 - The Duel
  35. 冷凍光線 - The Freeze Ray
  36. バイラス13号 - Virus No. 13
  37. 悪夢の7日間 - The 7 Day Nightmare
  38. 怪人ゴースト - The Mysterious Ghost
  39. まぼろしを作る少年 - The Boy Who Made a Phantom
  40. 透明ロボット・ジュピター - Jupiter, the Invisible Robot
  41. エイトマン暗殺指令 - Order: Assassinate Eightman
  42. 女王蜂モンスター - The Queen Bee Monster
  43. 魔女エスパー - Esper, the Witch
  44. 世界電撃プラン - The World Blitz Plan
  45. 死刑囚タランチュラ - Tarantula, the Condemned Criminal
  46. 空飛ぶ魔人 - The Flying Devil
  47. バブル・ボール作戦 - Operation: Bubble Ball
  48. 火星人SAW - SAW, the Martian
  49. 30億人の人質 - 3 Billion Hostages
  50. 怪像ジャイアント - Giant, the Mysterious Statue
  51. 狙われた地球 - Target Earth
  52. 人喰魚ピラニア - The Man-Eating Piranha
  53. ムタールの反乱 - Moutard's Rebellion
  54. シャークの掟 - Law of the Shark
  55. 超人類ミュータント(前編) - Superhuman Mutant (Part One)
  56. 超人類ミュータント(後編) - Superhuman Mutant (Part Two)
  • "Good-Bye Eight-Man" - a special look back at the TV series.

The U.S. syndicated version Edit

In 1965, 8 Man was brought to the U.S. as 8th Man (sometimes called "Tobor the 8th Man," as in its English-language theme music), with ABC Films as its syndicated distributor.[6] Only 52 of the original 56 episodes were translated into English.

The characters were renamed as follows:

  • Yokota/Azuma/8 Man - Special Agent Brady/Tobor ("robot" spelled backward)/8th Man
  • Tani - Professor Genius
  • Tanaka - Chief Fumble Thumbs
  • Sachiko - Jenny Hartsweet
  • Ichiro - Skip

Theme song Edit

Call Tobor, the 8 Man[7]

Reception Edit

8 Man was ranked ninth in the Mania Entertainment's 10 Most Iconic Anime Heroes. The author of the ranking, Thomas Zoth, commented, "Before Cyborg 009, The Six Million Dollar Man, and RoboCop, there was 8 Man: The first cyborg manga and anime hero. Building on Astro Boy, 8 Man helped to shape the trajectory of robot and cyborg heroes for the next decade."[8]

Legacy Edit

The 8 Man franchise was revived in the early 1990s with a live-action film, video game, and new animated series.

Video game Edit

In 1991, SNK released a video game edition of Eight Man for the Neo Geo arcade and home video game system (both versions are identical), where the player took the role of 8 Man and his Robo-comrade 9 Man in a fight against an invading evil robot army. The game was released internationally. While the game stayed true to the concept of a crime-fighting super-robot, it was widely criticized for being tedious and relying too much on the gimmick of its speed-running effect.

In 2009, he appeared in the crossover Shonen Sunday & Shonen Magazine White Comic for the Nintendo DS.

Live action movie Edit

In 1992, a live-action film version of 8 Man was produced in Japan. Titled Eitoman - Subete no Sabishī Yoru no Tame ni (8マン・すべての寂しい夜のために, lit. 8 Man - For All the Lonely Nights[9]), it was directed by Yasuhiro Horiuchi and starred Kai Shishido as the title character and Toshihide Wakamatsu as Detective Yokota. Distributed in the United States by Fox Lorber video simply as 8 Man, the movie was widely panned for its choppy editing, mediocre direction, and low-budget feel. Many modern American viewers, unfamiliar with the older animated series, felt the movie was an inferior version of RoboCop, although the latter was a much more recent franchise.

8 Man After Edit

In 1993, the mantle of 8 Man was taken up by Hazama Itsuru in the OVA series 8 Man After. Existing in a world far more corrupt than that of his predecessor, the new 8 Man had no qualms about being extremely violent towards the cybernetic criminals who had murdered him previously. It was licensed by Streamline Pictures where it went out of print until being released on DVD by Image Entertainment in 2001. It has since been released by Discotek Media in 2016 with Japanese audio, featuring English subtitles for the first time.[10]

8 Man Infinity Edit

A manga comic strip called 8 Man Infinity (8マンインフィニティ Eitoman Infiniti) is being authored by Kyoichi Nanatsuki under Kodansha, which is being serialized under Kodansha's Magazine Z.

8 Man vs. Cyborg 009 Edit

A crossover between 8 Man and Cyborg 009 by Kyoichi Nanatsuki (script) and Masato Hayate (art), began serialization in Champion Red on July 18, 2020.[11]

References Edit


  1. ^ "8 Man After - DVD - 1993 - Region 1 - US Import - NTSC". Amazon.co.uk. 27 November 2001. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  2. ^ Woolery, George W. (1983). Children's Television: The First Thirty-Five Years, 1946-1981. Scarecrow Press. pp. 89–90. ISBN 0-8108-1557-5. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  3. ^ Schoolgirl Milky Crisis: Adventures in the Anime and Manga Trade. A-Net Digital LLC. 5 November 2010. ISBN 9780984593750. Archived from the original on 14 April 2022. Retrieved 18 July 2017 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Clements, Jonathan; McCarthy, Helen (9 February 2015). The Anime Encyclopedia, 3rd Revised Edition: A Century of Japanese Animation. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 9781611729092. Archived from the original on 14 April 2022. Retrieved 18 July 2017 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Harding, Daryl. "Jiro Kuwata, Manga Creator of 8 Man and Batman Manga, Passes Away Aged 85". Crunchyroll (in German). Archived from the original on 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  6. ^ Erickson, Hal (2005). Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949 Through 2003 (2nd ed.). McFarland & Co. pp. 303–304. ISBN 978-1476665993.
  7. ^ "Lyrics to cartoon songs". Archived from the original on 2022-04-14. Retrieved 2022-04-14. rec.arts.tv
  8. ^ Zoth, Thomas (January 12, 2010). "10 Most Iconic Anime Heroes". Mania Entertainment. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  9. ^ "Translation of 8 Man Japanese subtitle by Google Translate". Archived from the original on 2022-04-14. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  10. ^ "Exclusive: Discotek Licenses 8 Man After OVA". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
  11. ^ "8 Man vs Cyborg 009 Manga Announced for Debut on July 18". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 2020-08-10. Retrieved 2020-08-06.

External links Edit