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89th Infantry Division (United States)

The 89th Infantry Division, originally known as the "89th Division," was an infantry formation of division-size of the United States Army that was active during World War I, World War II, and the Cold War.

89th Infantry Division
89th Division
89th Regional Readiness Command SSI.svg
89th Infantry Division Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active1917–1919
1921–1945
1947–1973
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeInfantry
SizeDivision
Nickname(s)"The Rolling W"
EngagementsWorld War I

World War II

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Leonard Wood
John C. H. Lee

HistoryEdit

The 89th Division was officially activated in August 1917 under the command of Major General Leonard Wood. The division was inactivated in May 1919. The division was reconstituted in the Organized Reserve (present-day United States Army Reserve) on 24 June 1921 and assigned to the states of Nebraska, Kansas, and South Dakota. The headquarters was organized on 2 September 1921.

 
Soldiers from the Division cross the Rhine River in assault boats, 1945.

The 89th Infantry Division landed in France at Le Havre, 21 January 1945, and engaged in several weeks of precombat training before moving up to the Sauer River into jump-off positions east of Echternach, 11 March 1945. The next day, the offensive began, and the 89th plunged across the Sauer in a rapid advance to and across the Moselle, 17 March. The offensive rolled on, and the division assaulted across the Rhine River on 26 March 1945 under intense fire in the Wellmich-Oberwesel region. A pontoon bridge was built across the Rhine from St. Goar to St. Goarshausen. In April, the 89th attacked toward Eisenach, taking that town on 6 April. The next objective, Friedrichroda, was secured by 8 April. On 4 April 1945, the 89th overran Ohrdruf, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp. The division continued to move eastward toward the Mulde River, capturing Zwickau by 17 April. The advance was halted, 23 April, and from then until VE-day, the division saw only limited action, engaging in patrolling and general security. Three towns, Lößnitz, Aue, and Stollberg, were kept under constant pressure, but no attacks were launched.

The 89th was reactivated as a Reserve unit in 1947 with headquarters in Wichita, Kansas and redesignated as the 89th Division (Training) in 1959. In 1973 the division colors were cased and the shoulder patch (but not the lineage and honors) was continued in use as the 89th Army Reserve Command (ARCOM). (ARCOMs were not tactical commands, but were instead regional conglomerations of unrelated units. Upon mobilization, units within the ARCOMs would be assigned to active duty units with which they were aligned.) The 89th ARCOM was later redesignated as the 89th Regional Support Command, and in 2003 it became the 89th Regional Readiness Command. In its 2005 BRAC recommendations, United States Department of Defense recommended realigning the Wichita US Army Reserve Center by disestablishing the 89th Regional Readiness Command. This recommendation was part of a larger recommendation to re-engineer and streamline the command and control structure of the Army Reserves that would create the Northwest Regional Readiness Command at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin.[1] The 89th currently exists as the 89th Sustainment Brigade in the Reserve.

Divisional order of battleEdit

World War IEdit

  • Headquarters, 89th Division
  • 177th Infantry Brigade
    • 353rd Infantry Regiment
    • 354th Infantry Regiment
    • 341st Machine Gun Battalion
  • 178th Infantry Brigade
    • 355th Infantry Regiment
    • 356th Infantry Regiment
    • 342nd Machine Gun Battalion
  • 164th Field Artillery Brigade
    • 340th Field Artillery Regiment (75 mm)
    • 341st Field Artillery Regiment (75 mm)
    • 342nd Field Artillery Regiment (155 mm)
    • 314th Trench Mortar Battery
  • 340th Machine Gun Battalion
  • 314th Engineer Regiment
  • 314th Medical Regiment
  • 314th Field Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troop, 89th Division
  • 314th Train Headquarters and Military Police
    • 314th Ammunition Train
    • 314th Supply Train
    • 314th Engineer Train
    • 314th Sanitary Train
      • 353rd, 354th, 355th, and 356th Ambulance Companies and Field Hospitals

World War IIEdit

  • Headquarters, 89th Infantry Division
  • 353rd Infantry Regiment
  • 354th Infantry Regiment
  • 355th Infantry Regiment
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 89th Infantry Division Artillery
    • 340th Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
    • 341st Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
    • 563rd Field Artillery Battalion (155 mm)
    • 914th Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
  • 314th Engineer Combat Battalion
  • 314th Medical Battalion
  • 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)
  • Headquarters, Special Troops, 89th Infantry Division
    • Headquarters Company, 89th Infantry Division
    • 789th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
    • 89th Quartermaster Company
    • 89th Signal Company
    • Military Police Platoon
    • Band
  • 89th Counterintelligence Corps Detachment

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Pike, John. "89th Regional Readiness Command".

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Price, Craig (December 2018). "Meuse-Argonne: The Final Push to Victory". VFW Magazine. Vol. 106 no. 3. Kansas City, Mo.: Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States. pp. 16–18. ISSN 0161-8598. For Doughboys of the 89th Infantry Division, a desperate fight in a French forest illustrated the brutality of World War I's final months. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was the war's largest and bloodiest campaign for U.S. troops, but it marked the beginning of the end of the war.

External linksEdit