Open main menu

57th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The 57th Division (第57師団, Dai-gojūnana Shidan) was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Inner Division (奥兵団, Oku Heidan).It was formed on 10 July 1940 at Hirosaki, Aomori, simultaneously with 51st, 52nd, 54th, 55th, and 56th divisions, as a reserve and provisional unit. Its call-sign “Oku” was taken from the ancient name of the Tohoku region of northern Honshū, "Oshu". The formation nucleus was the headquarters of the 8th Division. Its manpower came from the Aomori, Iwate, Yamagata and Akita prefectures. The 57th division was initially assigned to direct command of Emperor Hirohito, but was transferred to Northern District Army as soon as it formed 2 December 1940.

57th Division
Active1940 - 1945
CountryEmpire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
TypeInfantry
Garrison/HQHirosaki
Nickname(s)Inner Division
Engagementsnone
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mikio Uemura

Contents

HistoryEdit

To participate in the Special exercise of the Kwantung Army (actually a mobilization for the possible large-scale conflict with the Soviet Union) together with 51st division, the 57th Division was assigned to the Kwantung Army`s 3rd army on 1 August 1941. The preparations for the war with the Soviet Union were officially cancelled 9 August 1941 though, and 57th division was reassigned to the 4th army.

During 1941-1945 the division was used to defend a Manchukuo in coastal part of Heilongjiang. In March 1945, the 57th division was replaced in Heilongjiang with the recently formed 125th division and sent to Fukuoka to eventually join 36th army protecting Tokyo region. The division nearly completed sea leg of transfer (to Fukuoka) by 18 April 1945.[2] Due to bad developments of Battle of Okinawa, 10 May 1945 the further movement of the 57th division was cancelled and it was re-subordinated to the 16th Area Army[3] to counter the anticipated Operation Downfall by the US forces. The division has meet the day of surrender of Japan 15 August 1945 at Fukuoka without seeing any combat.

 
 
8
 
7
 
5
6
 
4
 
3
 
2
 
1
 
4
 
1GD
2GD
3GD
 
354
 
344
 
322
 
321
 
316
 
312
 
308
 
303
 
234
 
231
 
230
 
229
 
225
355
 
224
 
222
 
221
 
216
 
214
 
212
 
209
 
206
 
202
 
201
 
157
 
156
 
155
 
154
 
153
 
152
 
151
 
150
 
147
 
146
 
145
 
144
 
143
 
142
 
140
 
93
 
89
 
86
 
84
 
81
 
77
 
73
 
72
 
57
351
 
44
 
42
 
28
 
25
 
11
205
 
7
 
64
 
66
 
67
 
95
 
96
 
97
 
98
 
101
 
107
 
109
 
113
 
114
 
115
 
116
 
117
 
118
 
119
 
120
 
121
 
122
 
123
 
124
 
125
 
126
 
Independent Mixed Brigade
 
Infantry Division (including guard divisions)
 
Independent Armored Brigade
 
Armored division
Japanese infantry and armored units in Home Islands, 15 August 1945

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Reference and further readingEdit

  1. ^ Japanese 16th Army Homeland Defense Late May 1945
  2. ^ Douglas J. MacEachin, "The Final Months of the War with Japan: Signals Intelligence, U.S. Invasion Planning, and the A-bomb Decision", p. 45
  3. ^ CHAPTER XIX HOMELAND DEFENSE: STRATEGIC SETBACKS AND FINAL PREPARATIONS, p. 622
  • Madej, W. Victor. Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945 [2 vols]

Allentown, PA: 1981