Year 56 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Philippus (or, less frequently, year 698 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 56 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Gregorian calendar||56 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||698|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 268|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy XII Auletes, 25|
|Ancient Greek era||181st Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||甲子年 (Wood Rat)|
2641 or 2581
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
2642 or 2582
|Coptic calendar||−339 – −338|
|Ethiopian calendar||−63 – −62|
|- Vikram Samvat||1–2|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3045–3046|
|Iranian calendar||677 BP – 676 BP|
|Islamic calendar||698 BH – 697 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1967 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||256/257 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||487–488|
71 or −310 or −1082
— to —
72 or −309 or −1081
- Consuls: Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus and Lucius Marcius Philippus.
- Clodia accuses her former lover Marcus Caelius Rufus of trying to poison her. The trial ends with the defendant acquitted thanks to the Pro Caelio speech of Cicero. There is no further mention of the previously famous Clodia.
- Third year of Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars:
- Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus defeats the Veneti of Brittany: The Gauls lose most of their warships to the Romans in a sea battle at modern-day Quiberon Bay. The strongholds on the coast are stormed, and the population is slaughtered or sold into slavery.
- Autumn – Julius Caesar leads an attack on the Morini and the Menapii tribes of the Belgae on the North Sea. They withdraw into their forests, creating difficulties for Caesar's supply lines. The onset of bad weather forces him to pull back into Gallia Belgica.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (August 2016)