This gene encodes a member of the aldo/keto reductase superfamily, which consists of more than 40 known enzymes and proteins. These enzymes catalyze the conversion of aldehydes and ketones to their corresponding alcohols by utilizing NADH and/or NADPH as cofactors. The enzymes display overlapping but distinct substrate specificity. This enzyme catalyzes the bioreduction of chlordecone, a toxic organochlorine pesticide, to chlordecone alcohol in liver. This gene shares high sequence identity with three other gene members and is clustered with those three genes at 10p15-p14 on chromosome 10.
^Khanna M, Qin KN, Klisak I, Belkin S, Sparkes RS, Cheng KC (January 1995). "Localization of multiple human dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (DDH1 and DDH2) and chlordecone reductase (CHDR) genes in chromosome 10 by the polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence in situ hybridization". Genomics. 25 (2): 588–90. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(95)80066-U. PMID7789999.
Binstock JM, Iyer RB, Hamby CV, Fried VA, Schwartz IS, Weinstein BI, Southren AL (September 1992). "Human hepatic 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase: possible identity with human hepatic chlordecone reductase". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 187 (2): 760–6. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(92)91260-W. PMID1530633.
Winters CJ, Molowa DT, Guzelian PS (January 1990). "Isolation and characterization of cloned cDNAs encoding human liver chlordecone reductase". Biochemistry. 29 (4): 1080–7. doi:10.1021/bi00456a034. PMID2187532.
Khanna M, Qin KN, Cheng KC (June 1995). "Distribution of 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in rat brain and molecular cloning of multiple cDNAs encoding structurally related proteins in humans". The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 53 (1–6): 41–6. doi:10.1016/0960-0760(95)00019-V. PMID7626489.
Qin KN, New MI, Cheng KC (December 1993). "Molecular cloning of multiple cDNAs encoding human enzymes structurally related to 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase". The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 46 (6): 673–9. doi:10.1016/0960-0760(93)90308-J. PMID8274401.
Kume T, Iwasa H, Shiraishi H, Yokoi T, Nagashima K, Otsuka M, Terada T, Takagi T, Hara A, Kamataki T (December 1999). "Characterization of a novel variant (S145C/L311V) of 3alpha-hydroxysteroid/dihydrodiol dehydrogenase in human liver". Pharmacogenetics. 9 (6): 763–71. doi:10.1097/00008571-199912000-00011. PMID10634139.
Nishizawa M, Nakajima T, Yasuda K, Kanzaki H, Sasaguri Y, Watanabe K, Ito S (February 2000). "Close kinship of human 20alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase gene with three aldo-keto reductase genes". Genes to Cells. 5 (2): 111–25. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2443.2000.00310.x. PMID10672042.
Dufort I, Labrie F, Luu-The V (February 2001). "Human types 1 and 3 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases: differential lability and tissue distribution". The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 86 (2): 841–6. doi:10.1210/jc.86.2.841. PMID11158055.
Ozeki T, Takahashi Y, Nakayama K, Kamataki T (September 2002). "Hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4 alpha/gamma, HNF-1 alpha, and vHNF-1 regulate the cell-specific expression of the human dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (DD)4/AKR1C4 gene". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 405 (2): 185–90. doi:10.1016/S0003-9861(02)00384-3. PMID12220531.
Ozeki T, Takahashi Y, Nakayama K, Funayama M, Nagashima K, Kodama T, Kamataki T (January 2003). "Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 alpha/gamma and hepatocyte nuclear factor-1 alpha as causal factors of interindividual difference in the expression of human dihydrodiol dehydrogenase 4 mRNA in human livers". Pharmacogenetics. 13 (1): 49–53. doi:10.1097/00008571-200301000-00007. PMID12544512.