227 (TV series)
227 is an American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from September 14, 1985, to May 6, 1990. The series stars Marla Gibbs as Mary Jenkins, a sharp-tongued, inner-city resident gossip and housewife, and lower floor neighbors Sandra Clark and Pearl Shay.
|Created by||C.J. Banks|
|Based on||227 by Christine Houston|
|Developed by||Jack Elinson|
Alaina Reed Hall
Toukie A. Smith
Kevin Peter Hall
|Theme music composer||Ray Colcord|
|Opening theme||"There's No Place Like Home", performed by Marla Gibbs|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||5|
|No. of episodes||116 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Marla Gibbs (1985–1986)|
Ronald Rubin (1987–1988)
Bill Boulware (1987–1988)
Bob Myer (1985–1986)
Bob Young (1985–1986)
Richard Gurman (1985–1987)
George Burditt (1987–1988)
Ron Bloomberg (1985–1988)
Jack Elinson (1985–1987)
Roy Campanella, Jr. (1985–1986)
Irma Kalish (1988–1990)
|Camera setup||Videotape, Multi-camera|
|Running time||22–24 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Embassy Television|
Columbia Pictures Television
|Distributor||Columbia Pictures Television|
|Picture format||480i (NTSC)|
|Original release||September 14, 1985 –|
May 6, 1990
The series was adapted from a play written in 1978 by Christine Houston about the lives of women in a predominantly black apartment building in 1950s Chicago. The setting of the series, however, was changed to present-day Washington, D.C. The show was created as a starring vehicle for Marla Gibbs, who had become famous as Florence Johnston, the sassy maid on The Jeffersons, and had starred in Houston's play in Los Angeles. This role was similar in nature to that of tart-tongued Florence; Gibbs' character, housewife Mary Jenkins, loved a good gossip and often spoke what she thought, with sometimes not-so-favorable results.
According to Gibbs, 227 was originally offered to ABC, but sold to NBC. Since The Jeffersons was still on the air on CBS, the new show was scheduled to begin in 1986. However, when The Jeffersons was abruptly and unexpectedly canceled in 1985, Gibbs was free to begin, and 227 went into production a year earlier than had been previously planned.
227 followed the lives of people in a middle-class apartment building, 227 Lexington Place (the numerical address in which the sitcom's name comes from), in Northeast, Washington, D.C. The show was centered around Mary Jenkins (Marla Gibbs), a nosy, tart-tongued, but loving housewife. Her husband, Lester (Hal Williams), had his own construction company, and their daughter, Brenda (Regina King), was boy-crazy yet smart and studious, in her first television acting role.
Also cast in 227 was Sandra Clark (Jackée Harry), Mary's young neighbor who constantly bickered back and forth with her about their respective views on life. Although their relationship was antagonistic at first, Mary and Sandra became good friends as time went on. Also living in the building was Pearl Shay (Helen Martin), a feisty-but-kind-hearted busybody neighbor who was known for snooping and had a sharp sense of humor. Pearl had a grandson named Calvin Dobbs (Curtis Baldwin), whom Brenda had a crush on and would finally date later in the series' run.
Rose Lee Holloway (Alaina Reed Hall) was Mary's level-headed best friend and often the voice of reason among 227's residents. She and Mary were often seen sitting on the front stoop of the building, exchanging rumors and gossip, with Pearl adding sly commentary and humor from her front window. Rose had a daughter named Tiffany (Kia Goodwin), who was Brenda's closest friend, but she disappeared after the second season, although she was mentioned occasionally. In the premiere episode, Rose became the unexpected landlord of the building after the building's stingy slumlord Mr. Calloway died. Rose stayed on as landlady until the fourth season (for season five, Paul Winfield was introduced as the building's new snide, wealthy landlord Julian C. Barlow).
In the first season, both Helen Martin and Curtis Baldwin, who had only been recurring stars, appeared in nearly every episode. In the second season's opening credits, Martin and Baldwin shared a title card, thus making them official full-time cast members. Martin had her own title card for the third and fifth seasons, while Regina King and Baldwin shared a title card together in those years.
By the time taping started on the third season in 1987, Jackée Harry, who had just won an Emmy for Outstanding Supporting Actress changed her stage name to simply Jackée, which she used until 1994. In the fourth season, an 11-year-old child prodigy named Alexandria DeWitt (Countess Vaughn) became the Jenkins' houseguest. Vaughn received her role after she appeared on Star Search and declared to host Ed McMahon that her favorite show was 227. However, Alexandria left during Calvin's graduation episode near the end of season four to reunite with her father who after completing his archaeological dig in the Amazon had moved to London to catalogue his items.
After the fourth season, Jackée's television pilot, entitled "Jackée", found Sandra moving to New York City and finding work at a spa. NBC aired the episode on May 11, 1989. The pilot was rejected, and Jackée left the show; however, she was a guest star in seven of the final season's episodes.
In the show's final season, Toukie Smith, Barry Sobel, Stoney Jackson, Kevin Peter Hall and Paul Winfield joined the cast in an effort to stop the show's declining ratings. In the end, the cast additions proved fruitless, and 227 ended its run in the spring of 1990.
|Marla Gibbs||Mary Jenkins||Main|
|Hal Williams||Lester Jenkins||Main|
|Alaina Reed Hall||Rose Lee Holloway (later Merriwether)||Main|
|Jackée Harry||Sandra Clark||Main||Recurring|
|Regina King||Brenda Jenkins||Main|
|Kia Goodwin||Tiffany Holloway||Main||Recurring|
|Helen Martin||Pearl Shay||Recurring||Main|
|Curtis Baldwin||Calvin Dobbs||Recurring||Main|
|Countess Vaughn||Alexandria DeWitt||Main|
|Barry Sobel||Dylan McMillan||Recurring||Main|
|Toukie A. Smith||Eva Rawley||Main|
|Stoney Jackson||Travis Filmore||Main|
|Paul Winfield||Julian C. Barlow||Main|
|Reynaldo Rey||Ray the Mailman||Recurring|
|Kevin Peter Hall||Warren Merriwether||Recurring|
With the exception of The Cosby Show and A Different World, 227 achieved higher ratings than other sitcoms airing at the time with a predominantly African American cast during the first two seasons of its original run on NBC.
- 1985–1986: #20 (18.80 rating)
- 1986–1987: #14 (18.90 rating)
- 1987–1988: #27 (16.44 rating)
- 1988–1989: #35 (14.47 rating)
- 1989–1990: #60 (11.53 rating)
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1987||BMI Film & TV Awards||Won||BMI TV Music Award||Ray Colcord|
|1987||Emmy Awards||Won||Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series||Jackée Harry|
|1988||Nominated||Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series||Jackée Harry|
|1989||Golden Globe Award||Nominated||Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV||Jackée Harry|
|1986||Young Artist Awards||Nominated||Best Young Actress Starring in a New Television Series||Regina King|
|1987||Nominated||Exceptional Performance by a Young Actress in a Long Running Series Comedy or Drama||Regina King|
|Nominated||Exceptional Performance by a Young Actress, Guest Starring in a Television, Comedy or Drama Series||Jurnee Smollett|
|1989||Nominated||Best Young Actress Featured, Co-starring, Supporting, Recurring Role in a Comedy or Drama Series or Special||Countess Vaughn|
NBC aired daytime reruns of 227 from September 1989 to July 1990. The show went into syndication in the fall of 1990. It has previously aired on cable's BET, TV One, TV Land, Centric, and UP (formerly GMC). Selected Minisodes from the first season are available to view for free on Crackle. 227 (alongside Amen) aired on Encore Black from November 12, 2013 to November 30, 2015. The show is owned and distributed by Sony Pictures Television. 227 aired back-to-back episodes on Logo starting at midnight on New Year's Day 2016. In January 2017, the series began airing on Antenna TV. The series started airing on OWN weekend nights starting December 2, 2017.
On September 28, 2004, Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment released the complete first season of 227 on DVD in Region 1.
- "Top Rated Programs – 1985–1990". chez.com. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- SitcomsOnline.com, Pavan--. "GMC Acquires 227; Remembering Barbara Billingsley, A TV Legend - SitcomsOnline.com News Blog". blog.sitcomsonline.com.
- "Marla Gibbs, Jackée Harry Return to DVD in 'The Complete 1st Season'". Archived from the original on 2016-12-23.