2020 coronavirus pandemic in Ethiopia

This page documents the impacts of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic in Ethiopia.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Ethiopia
COVID-19 Cases in Ethiopia.svg
Map of regions with confirmed (red) Coronavirus cases (as of 30 March)
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationEthiopia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseAddis Ababa
Arrival date13 March 2020
(3 weeks and 5 days)
Confirmed cases55
Recovered4
Deaths
2

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[1][2]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[3][4] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[5][3]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Ethiopia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
2020-03-13
1(+1)
2020-03-14
1
2020-03-15
4(+3) (+300%)
2020-03-16
5(+1) (+25%)
2020-03-17
6(+1) (+20%)
2020-03-18
6
2020-03-19
9(+3) (+50%)
2020-03-20
11(+2) (+22%)
2020-03-21
11
2020-03-22
11
2020-03-23
11
2020-03-24
12(+1) (+9.1%)
2020-03-25
12
2020-03-26
12
2020-03-27
16(+4) (+33.3%)
2020-03-28
16
2020-03-29
21(+5) (+31.3%)
2020-03-30
23(+2) (+9.5%)
2020-03-31
26[i](+4) (+18.2%)
2020-04-01
29(+3) (+11.5%)
2020-04-02
29
2020-04-03
35(+6) (+20.6%)
2020-04-04
38(+3) (+8.6%)
2020-04-05
43(+5) (+13.2%)
2020-04-06
44(+1) (+2.3%)
2020-04-07
52(+8) (+18.2%)
2020-04-08
55(+3) (+5.8%)
Sources: [6]

Notes:

  1. ^ Patient #16's case from 27 March was announced to be a false positive on 30 March 2020.[7] Hence, the total # of cases is 26 and not 27.

March 2020Edit

On 13 March, the first coronavirus case was reported in the country and the victim later identified was a Japanese citizen.[8] The process of contact tracing is currently taking place, according to Lia Tadesse, the Health Minister of Ethiopia.[9]

Despite worsening situations in other countries, Ethiopia will not be enforcing a travel ban, with Tadesse stating that the virus is in 134 countries, and enforcing a travel ban will not work.[10]

On 15 March, three additional cases of the coronavirus were reported. The infected persons, one Ethiopian and two Japanese nationals, had contact with the individual who was reported to be infected by the virus on 13 March.[11]

On 16 March, a 34-year-old male Ethiopian who was said to have arrived from Dubai on 12 March 2020 tested positive for the virus.[12][13]

On 17 March, a British diplomat who has arrived from Dubai tested positive for the virus.[14][15]

On 19 March, three more cases of the virus have been confirmed. One is a 44-year-old Japanese national who had contact with the previously identified Japanese national. The second confirmed case is an 85-year-old Ethiopian who arrived in Ethiopia on 2 March 2020. The third case is a 39-year-old Austrian national who arrived in Ethiopia on 15 March 2020.[16][17]

On 22 March, two additional cases were reported. The first confirmed case is of a 28-year-old Ethiopian who had travelled to Belgium and arrived in Ethiopia on 14 March 2020. The second case is a 34-year-old Ethiopian who had arrived from Dubai on 19 March 2020.[18][19]

On 24 March, one additional case of the virus was reported. A 34-year-old Ethiopian who arrived from Dubai on 19 March tested positive for the virus. 15 people who are reported to have had contact with the individual are currently being monitored.[20][21]

On 27 March, four more cases of the virus were confirmed. The first case is of a 72-year-old Mauritian who had arrived from Congo Brazzaville on 14 March 2020. The second case is of a 61-year-old individual from Adama in the Oromia Region with no prior travel history. The third case is of a 28-year-old Ethiopian national who has traveled to Israel and arrived in Ethiopia on 21 March 2020. The fourth case is a 24-year-old Ethiopian with no prior travel history.[22][23] The case of this 24-year-old Ethiopian was later on announced to be a false-positive on 30 March 2020 after three follow up tests showed the patient to be negative.[24]

On 28 March, the Ministry of Health reported that one patient has fully recovered from the virus.[25]

On 29 March, five additional cases of the virus were reported. The first case is of a 28-year-old female Ethiopian who had travelled to Belgium and Cameroon on 17 March and 19 March respectively. The second and third cases are of a 14-year-old male and 48-year-old female from Adama who are members of the same family and had previous contact with an individual with the virus.[26][27] The fourth and fifth cases are of a 38-year-old male and a 35-year-old female Ethiopians from Addis Ababa with both having a travel history to Dubai at different dates. One patient was also reported to have fully recovered, making the total number of recoveries 2.[28]

On 30 March, the Prime Minister said in a statement that the total number of cases in the country has risen to 23.[29] One of the cases is of a 32-year-old male Ethiopian who had arrived from the United States on 19 March. The second case is of a 37-year-old female Ethiopian who had arrived from United Arab Emirates on 21 March. Both individuals are from the Amhara Region.[30]

On 31 March, four cases of the virus were reported. The first two cases are of two male Ethiopians, 30 and 36 years old, who had arrived from Dubai on 24 March. They were both placed under mandatory quarantine upon entry. The third case is of a 60-year-old female Ethiopian from Addis Ababa who had arrived from France on 15 March.[31] The fourth confirmed case is of a 42-year-old male Ethiopian from Dire Dawa who arrived from Australia on 18 March.[32]

April 2020Edit

On 1 April, three more cases were reported. The first one is a 33-year-old female Ethiopian with a travel history to Djibouti, Brazil, India, and Congo Brazzaville. The second case is of a 26-year-old male Ethiopian with no travel history. The third case is of a 32-year-old male Ethiopian who had contact with a person with a confirmed case and was under isolation.[33]

On 2 April, one patient was reported to have fully recovered.[34]

On 3 April, six more cases of the virus were reported. Five of the cases were from Addis Ababa and two of them had travel histories to Dubai on different dates. The sixth case is a 33-year-old female Ethiopian from Dire Dawa who said to have had contact with the person who tested positive on 31 March.[35]

On 4 April, three additional cases of the virus were reported. All of the cases were from Addis Ababa. Two of the patients, a 29-year-old and a 34-year-old male Ethiopians, had travel histories to Dubai on different dates. The third case is of a 35-year-old female Ethiopian who had arrived from Sweden on 3 April.[36] On the same date, one additional recovery was reported, increasing the total number of recoveries to 4.[37]

On 5 April, five more positive cases of the virus were reported. Three of them are Ethiopians. The other two are Libyan and Eritrean nationals.[38][39] On the same date, the first deaths of patients from the coronavirus were reported. The first patient was a 60-year-old female Ethiopian with a travel history to France who tested positive for the virus on 31 March 2020.[40][41] The second patient was a 56-year-old male Ethiopian with no travel history who was confirmed to have the virus on 3 April 2020.[42]

On 6 April, one case of the virus was reported. The case is of a 65-year-old female Ethiopian resident of Dukem with no travel history.[43]

On 7 April, eight more cases of the virus were reported. One of the infected persons is an Eritrean national and the remaining are Ethiopians.[44] A 9-month-old baby is one of the cases, making it the youngest confirmed case so far.[45]

On 8 April, three cases of the virus were reported. Two of them are 29-year-old male Ethiopians with travel histories to Dubai. The other case is of a 36-year-old male Ethiopian from Addis Kidam in the Amhara region with no travel history.[46][47]

ReactionsEdit

On 16 March 2020, the office of the Prime Minister announced that schools, sporting events, and public gatherings shall be suspended for 15 days.[48]

On 20 March 2020, Ethiopian Airlines suspended flights to 30 countries affected with the coronavirus. On the same date it was announced that anyone entering the country should undergo a mandatory self-quarantine for 14 days. Night clubs in Addis Ababa are also to remain closed until further notice.[49]

On 23 March 2020, Ethiopia closed all land borders and deployed security forces to halt the movement of people along the borders.[50]

On 25 March 2020, 4,011 prisoners were granted pardon by the Ethiopian President Sahle-Work Zewde in an effort to prevent the coronavirus spread. The pardon applies only to prisoners convicted of minor crimes who are serving sentences of up to three years and those who are about to be released.[51][52]

On 26 March 2020, Tigray Region declared a 15-day region-wide state of emergency, banning all travel and public activities within the region to prevent the spread of the virus.[53]

On 29 March 2020, Ethiopian Airlines suspended flights to more than 80 countries.[54][55]

On 2 April 2020, the Federal Attorney General granted pardon for 1,559 prisoners.[56]

On 8 April 2020, the Ethiopian government declared a state of emergency in response to the growing number of coronavirus cases.[57][58]

ImpactEdit

The pandemic has affected Ethiopia's flower export industry significantly. After Europe was hit with the coronavirus, the demand for flowers has plummeted and the price dropped by more than 80%. A total of 150,000 employees in this industry are also at the risk of losing their jobs.[59][60]

Ethiopian airlines, the country's flag carrier, reported that it's working at only 10% of its capacity because of the coronavirus pandemic. The CEO, Tewolde Gebremariam, reported a loss of $550 million in the months of January to April 2020.[61]

The general elections which were set to be held on 29 August 2020 won't be held on the scheduled date, according to a statement by the National Electoral Board of Ethiopia released on 31 March. The board also stated that it has temporarily ceased all activities related to the election.[62]

StatisticsEdit

Total confirmed casesEdit

 

Total confirmed cases by regionEdit

 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  2. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  5. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ "COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic". worldometers.info. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  7. ^ Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (30 March 2020). "Ethiopia #COVID19 Status update" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  8. ^ "Ethiopia confirms first coronavirus case: Live updates". aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Ethiopia confirms first coronavirus case". aa.com.tr. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
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  12. ^ "Ethiopia Suspends Schools, Sporting Events Due To Coronavirus". fanabc.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  13. ^ Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (15 March 2020). "Ethiopia confirmed the 5th case on March 15, 2020 since the confirmation of the 1st case on March 13, 2020" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  14. ^ "Coronavirus' local spread beginning to take off in Africa". myjournalcourier.com. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
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  28. ^ Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (29 March 2020). "Ethiopia #COVID19 Status update" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  29. ^ "PM Calls On Public To Apply COVID19 Containment Measures". fanabc.com. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
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  39. ^ "Eritrean, Libyan among Five COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Ethiopia today". ethiopianmonitor.com. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  40. ^ Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (5 April 2020). "It is my deepest regret to announce the first death of a patient from #COVID19 in Ethiopia. The patient who was in critical condition after being admitted to Eka Kotebe hospital was in ICU care and strict medical follow up. My sincere condolences to the family and loved ones" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  41. ^ "Ethiopia Reports First Coronavirus Death". ethiopianmonitor.com. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  42. ^ Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (5 April 2020). "It is with great sadness that I announce the second death of a patient from #COVID19 in Ethiopia. The patient was admitted on April 2nd and was under strict medical follow up in the Intensive Care Unit. My sincere condolences to the family and loved ones" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  43. ^ Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (6 April 2020). "የኢትዮጵያ የኮሮና ቫይረስ ሁኔታ መግለጫ Status update on #COVID19Ethiopia" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  46. ^ Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (8 April 2020). "Report#25 የኢትዮጵያ የኮሮና ቫይረስ ሁኔታ መግለጫ Status update on #COVID19Ethiopia" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  52. ^ Sahle-Work Zewde [@SahleWorkZewde] (26 March 2020). "In order to reduce prison overcrowding and prevent the spread of #COVID19, I have, in accordance with article 71/7 of our Constitution, granted pardon to 4011 prisoners convicted of minor crimes serving a sentence up to 3 years and those about to be released" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  59. ^ "Ethiopia: Covid-19 Outbreak Puts Flower Exports in Danger". allafrica.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  60. ^ "Flower export plummets to zero". capitalethiopia.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  61. ^ "Ethiopian airlines has lost $550 million this year due to coronavirus -CEO". reuters.com. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  62. ^ "NEBE Says Impossible To Hold Election As Per Scheduled Due To COVID-19". fanabc.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.

External linksEdit