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A state election was held on 15 October 2017 to elect the 18th Landtag of Lower Saxony.

2017 Lower Saxony state election

← 2013 15 October 2017

All 137 seats in the Landtag (including overhang and leveling seats)
69 seats needed for a majority
Turnout63.1%
  First party Second party Third party
  Stephan Weil (2013).png Althusmann.jpg Anja Piel (Martin Rulsch) 1.jpg
Leader Stephan Weil Bernd Althusmann Anja Piel
Party SPD CDU Green
Last election 49 seats, 32.6% 54 seats, 36.0% 20 seats, 13.7%
Seats won 55 50 12
Seat change Increase6 Decrease4 Decrease8
Popular vote 1,413,990 1,287,191 334,130
Percentage 36.9% 33.6% 8.7%
Swing Increase4.3% Decrease2.4% Decrease5.0%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Stefan Birkner 2017.png No image.svg No image.svg
Leader Stefan Birkner Dana Guth Anja Stoeck
Party FDP AfD Left
Last election 14 seats, 9.9% Did not exist 0 seats, 3.1%
Seats won 11 9 0
Seat change Decrease3 Increase9 Steady
Popular vote 287,957 235,863 177,118
Percentage 7.5% 6.2% 4.6%
Swing Decrease2.4% Increase6.2% Increase1.5%

Lower Saxony Landtag election 2017.svg

Prime Minister before election

Stephan Weil
SPD

Elected Prime Minister

Stephan Weil
SPD

Following the 2013 state election, the SPD and Greens formed a coalition with a one-seat majority in the Landtag. After Elke Twesten of the Greens defected to the CDU on 4 August 2017, the coalition was deprived of its majority, prompting Prime Minister Stephan Weil to call for an early election on 15 October.

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Following the previous state election in 2013, a red-green coalition between the SPD and Greens was formed, holding a one-seat majority in the Landtag of Lower Saxony. After Green parliamentarian Elke Twesten defected to the CDU on 4 August 2017, the coalition lost its majority,[1] which prompted Prime Minister Stephan Weil to call to schedule an early election for 15 October.[2] The Landtag was officially dissolved on 21 August after 135 of 137 parliamentarians voted in favor, with 91 votes required for its dissolution.[3]

Electoral systemEdit

The Landtag of Lower Saxony is elected using a mixed-member proportional representation system with at least 135 seats. Of these, 87 are elected in single-member constituencies, and the remainder are determined by party election lists. As in federal elections, voters have two votes: the first vote for candidates within each individual constituency, and the second vote for party election lists. There is a 5% threshold for the second vote in order to receive representation from party election lists. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method, with additional overhang and leveling seats to ensure proportionality of party representation relative to their share of second votes after the initial 135 seats have been allocated. The normal duration of the Landtag is 5 years.[4]

PartiesEdit

The table below lists parties that were represented in the Landtag before the election, polled above the 5 percent threshold, and were approved to run in the state election.[5]

Name Leading
candidate
2013 result
Votes (%) Seats
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands
Bernd Althusmann 36.0%
54 / 137
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands
Stephan Weil 32.6%
49 / 137
Grüne Alliance 90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
Anja Piel 13.7%
20 / 137
FDP Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei
Stefan Birkner 9.9%
14 / 137
Linke The Left
Die Linke
Anja Stoeck 3.1%
0 / 137
AfD Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland
Dana Guth
0 / 137

In addition, the following parties were approved to run election lists in Lower Saxony.[5]

Opinion pollingEdit

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
CDU SPD Grüne FDP Linke AfD Others Lead
2017 state election 15 Oct 2017 33.6 36.9 8.7 7.5 4.6 6.2 2.4 3.3
Civey 25 Sep–13 Oct 2017 5,073 31.8 34.6 8.5 8.9 5.7 7.8 2.7 2.8
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 10–11 Oct 2017 1,001 33 34.5 9 9 5 7 2.5 1.5
INSA 4–6 Oct 2017 1,005 32 33 10 10 5 7 3 1
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 2–5 Oct 2017 1,083 33 33 9 10 5 7 3 Tie
Infratest dimap 2–4 Oct 2017 1,002 34 34 8.5 8 4.5 8 3 Tie
Civey 24 Sep–1 Oct 2017 4,570 33.1 32.8 9.9 8.0 5.4 8.1 2.7 0.3
Infratest dimap 26–27 Sep 2017 1,004 35 34 9 8 5 6 3 1
2017 federal election 24 Sep 2017 34.9 27.4 8.7 9.3 6.9 9.1 3.6 7.5
Infratest dimap 30 Aug–5 Sep 2017 1,001 37 32 10 6 5 7 3 5
dimap 18–26 Aug 2017 1,003 39 31 8 8 4 8 2 8
INSA 9 Aug 2017 1,000 40 28 9 9 5 7 2 12
Infratest dimap 8–9 Aug 2017 1,003 40 32 9 7 3 6 3 8
INSA 18–23 May 2017 1,000 41 27 8 9 5 6 4 14
Forsa 18–28 Apr 2017 1,001 35 36 8 6 4 6 5 1
Infratest dimap 13–18 Jan 2017 1,002 35 31 14 6 4 8 2 4
Forsa 22 Dec 2016–9 Jan 2017 1,000 34 32 12 6 4 7 5 2
INSA 6–14 Oct 2016 1,000 33 31 12 8 5 7 4 2
Forsa 23 Oct–20 Nov 2015 1,002 35 33 14 6 4 4 4 2
INSA 21 Aug–2 Sep 2015 1,000 37 29 14 6 6 3 5 8
Infratest dimap 26 Jun–1 Jul 2015 1,000 40 31 14 5 5 2 3 9
GMS 8–13 Jan 2015 1,012 41 30 14 3 4 4 4 11
2014 European election 25 May 2014 39.4 32.5 10.9 2.5 4.0 5.4 5.3 6.9
Infratest dimap 14–16 Jan 2014 1,000 40 32 13 4 5 3 3 8
2013 federal election 22 Sep 2013 41.1 33.1 8.8 4.2 5.0 3.7 4.1 8.0
2013 state election 20 Jan 2013 36.0 32.6 13.7 9.9 3.1 4.6 3.4

ResultsEdit

Party Constituency Party list Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Social Democratic Party SPD 1,508,830 39.6% 55 1,413,990 36.9% 0 55 +6
Christian Democratic Union CDU 1,420,083 37.3% 32 1,287,191 33.6% 18 50 –4
Alliance 90/The Greens Grüne 283,327 7.4% 0 334,130 8.7% 12 12 –8
Free Democratic Party FDP 226,554 5.9% 0 287,957 7.5% 11 11 –3
Alternative for Germany AfD 174,521 4.6% 0 235,863 6.2% 9 9 +9
The Left Linke 170,660 4.5% 0 177,118 4.6% 0 0
Animal Protection Party Tierschutz 0 27,108 0.7% 0 0
Die PARTEI Die PARTEI 9,097 0.2% 0 22,578 0.6% 0 0
Free Voters FW 11,348 0.3% 0 14,869 0.4% 0 0
Pirate Party PIRATEN 2,350 0.1% 0 8,449 0.2% 0 0
Basic Income Alliance BGE 0 5,125 0.1% 0 0
German Centre DM 0 4,482 0.1% 0 0
V-Partei³ V-Partei³ 0 4,151 0.1% 0 0
Ecological Democratic Party ÖDP 735 0.0% 0 4,042 0.1% 0 0
Liberal Conservative Reformers LKR 488 0.0% 0 950 0.0% 0 0
The Grays DG 260 0.0% 0 0 0
Independents EB 2,447 0.1% 0 0 0
Total 3,811,125 100.0% 87 3,828,003 100.0% 50 137
Valid votes 3,811,125 99.0% 3,828,003 99.5%
Invalid votes 37,892 1.0% 21,014 0.5%
Turnout 3,849,017 63.1%
Eligible voters 6,098,379
Source: Niedersächsische Landeswahlleiterin

Government formationEdit

Neither the incumbent red-green coalition between the SPD and Greens nor the black-yellow opposition of the CDU and FDP secured a majority of seats in the election. Because the FDP ruled out the possibility of a traffic light coalition (between the SPD, FDP, and Greens) and the Greens ruled out a Jamaica coalition (between the CDU, Greens, and FDP),[6] the SPD and CDU subsequently agreed to start negotiations to form a grand coalition.[7]

On 16 November, the SPD and CDU agreed to form a government.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lisa Caspari; Veronika Völlinger; Rita Lauter (4 August 2017). "Die Frau, die Niedersachsens Regierung stürzte". Die Zeit. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Niedersachsen-Wahl am 15. Oktober". Die Welt. 7 August 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Der Niedersächsische Landtag hat sich aufgelöst". Norddeutscher Rundfunk. 21 August 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  4. ^ Wilko Zicht (20 January 2013). "Wahlsystem Niedersachsen". Wahlrecht.de. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b "15 Landeswahlvorschläge vom Landeswahlausschuss zugelassen". Niedersächsische Landeswahlleiterin. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  6. ^ "FDP und Grüne in Hannover stellen sich auf Opposition ein". Die Welt. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Niedersachsen vor Großer Koalition". ZDF. Deutsche Press-Agentur. 1 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  8. ^ "SPD und CDU schließen "Koalition der Vernunft"". NDR. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.

External linksEdit