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2014 Uruguayan general election

General elections were held in Uruguay on 26 October 2014, alongside a constitutional referendum. As no presidential candidate received an absolute majority in the first round of voting, a runoff took place on 30 November. Primary elections to determine each party's presidential candidate had been held on 1 June.

2014 Uruguayan general election

← 2009 26 October 2014 (first round)
30 November 2014 (second round)
2019 →
Presidential election
  Tabaré26022007.jpg Lacalle Pou 2019.jpg
Nominee Tabaré Vázquez Luis Lacalle Pou
Party Broad Front National Party
Running mate Raúl Sendic Jorge Larrañaga
Popular vote 1,226,105 939,074
Percentage 56.63% 43.37%

President before election

José Mujica
Broad Front

Elected President

Tabaré Vázquez
Broad Front

Parliamentary election

Party Leader % Seats ±
Chamber
Broad Front Tabaré Vázquez 49.45% 50 0
National Party Luis Lacalle Pou 31.94% 32 +2
Colorado Party Pedro Bordaberry 13.33% 13 -4
Independent Party Pablo Mieres 3.20% 3 +1
Popular Unity Gonzalo Abella 1.17% 1 +1
Senate
Broad Front Tabaré Vázquez 49.45% 15 -1
National Party Luis Lacalle Pou 31.94% 10 +1
Colorado Party Pedro Bordaberry 13.33% 4 -1
Independent Party Pablo Mieres 3.20% 1 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

Incumbent President José Mujica was ineligible to run owing to a constitutional limit on serving consecutive terms. The governing Broad Front nominated former President Tabaré Vázquez as its candidate. Vázquez came within a few thousand votes of a first-round victory. In the runoff, he defeated Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou of the National Party by the widest margin since the run-off system was first implemented in 1999. The Broad Front also maintained its majority in the Chamber of Deputies, winning 50 of the 99 seats.

Electoral systemEdit

The president was elected using the two-round system, with a run-off required if no candidate received 50% of the vote in the first round. The 30 members of the Senate were elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency.[1] The 99 members of the Chamber of Representatives were elected by proportional representation in 19 multi-member constituencies based on the departments. Seats are allocated using the highest averages method.[2]

The elections were held using the double simultaneous vote method, whereby voters cast a single vote for the party of their choice for the Presidency, the Senate and the Chamber of Representatives.

CandidatesEdit

Presidential primaries were held on 1 June to select the candidates.

Party Candidate Ideology Previous result
Votes (%) Seats
Broad Front   Tabaré Vázquez Democratic socialism

Social democracy

49.34%
50 / 99
16 / 30
National Party Luis Lacalle Pou Conservatism

Christian democracy

29.90%
30 / 99
9 / 30
Colorado Party   Pedro Bordaberry Liberalism 17.51%
17 / 99
5 / 30
Independent Party   Pablo Mieres Social democracy

Christian democracy

2.56%
2 / 99
0 / 30
Popular Unity   Gonzalo Abella Marxism 0.69%
0 / 99
0 / 30
Ecologist Radical Intransigent Party   César Vega Green liberalism Did not contest
Workers' Party   Rafael Fernández Trotskyism Did not contest

CampaignEdit

There were around 250,000 new voters in this election, many of them not used to traditional media.[3] Campaign managers and advertising agents took notice of this new trend, and implemented an important portion of their campaign via social media.[4]

Opinion pollsEdit

Pollster Date Sample size FA PN PC PI UP None/unsure
Cifra 10–21 July 2013 1,021 43% 25% 14% 2% 16%
Mori 21 December 2013 44% 25% 14% 2% 11%
Cifra 19 February 2014 1,000 45% 28% 15%

ResultsEdit

Within the Broad Front coalition, the Movement of Popular Participation won six seats in the Senate, the Liber Seregni Front won three and the Socialist Party won two.[5] Following the second round of the presidential elections, the Broad Front gained an extra seat in the Senate, giving them a majority, as Vice President Raúl Fernando Sendic Rodríguez automatically became a member.[5]

  
Party Presidential candidate First round Second round Seats
Votes % Votes % Chamber +/– Senate +/–
Broad Front Tabaré Vázquez 1,134,187 49.45 1,226,105 56.63 50 0 15 –1
National Party Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou 732,601 31.94 939,074 43.37 32 +2 10 +1
Colorado Party Pedro Bordaberry 305,699 13.33 13 –4 4 –1
Independent Party Pablo Mieres 73,379 3.20 3 +1 1 +1
Popular Unity Gonzalo Abella 26,869 1.17 1 +1 0 0
Partido Ecologista Radical Intransigente César Vega 17,835 0.78 0 New 0 New
Workers' Party Rafael Fernández 3,218 0.14 0 - 0 -
Invalid/blank votes 78,329 156,051
Total 2,372,117 100 2,321,230 100 99 0 30 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,620,791 90.51 2,620,791 88.57
Source: Corte Electoral, Buenos Aires Herald

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Electoral system IPU
  2. ^ Electoral system IPU
  3. ^ "New voters, a mysterious lot". El Observador. 29 January 2014. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014. (in Spanish)
  4. ^ "Advertising agents working behind the candidates". El Observador. 6 February 2014. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014. (in Spanish)
  5. ^ a b "Broad Front secures majority in Congress". Buenos Aires Herald. 28 October 2014.

External linksEdit