2013 Cypriot presidential election
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Presidential elections were held in Cyprus on 17 February 2013. A runoff was held on 24 February 2013. Nicos Anastasiades of Democratic Rally won the election. The other candidates were Stavros Malas of the Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL); Praxoula Antoniadou of the United Democrats; Lakis Ioannou with the support of LASOK; Loukas Stavrou; ELAM's Giorgos Charalambous, Giorgos Lillikas of Movement for Social Democracy (EDEK); and independents Andreas Efstratiou, Makaria-Andri Stylianou, Kostas Kyriacou(Outopos) and Solon Gregoriou. Although the president Demetris Christofias was not term-limited, he did not seek re-election in 2013.
Timeline of the 2013 presidential electionEdit
- 11 February: At the Pancypriot Convention of DISY, Nicos Anastasiades confirms his intention to run for president
- 17 March: The Supreme Council of DISY approves Nicos Anastasiades as the candidate of the party over MEP Eleni Theocharous
- 6 April : Giorgos Lillikas, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the island, runs for president as an independent candidate
- 6 June: DIKO, Ecological and Environmental Movement, Evroko and EDEK fail to form a coalition of "National Unity"
- 21 June: The Central Committee of AKEL suggests to the Pancypriot Convention of the party, Stavros Malas
- 21 July: The members of the Pan-Cypriot Convention of AKEL officially back Stavros Malas
- 27 July: The Central Committee and the Supreme Bureau of EDEK officially back Giorgos Lillikas
- 30 August: DISY and DIKO agree for corporation. The Central Committee of DIKO determines its decision in mid-September
- 7 September: Stavros Malas runs officially as a presidential candidate with the support of AKEL
- 25 September: DIKO's Executive Bureau officially suggests to the Central Committee of the party to back Nicos Anastasiades
- 27 September: DIKO's Central Committee decides for the election (officially backs Anastasiades)
- 7 October : The members of the Pan-Cypriot Convention of the Ecological and Environmental Movement decide for the election
- 15 October : Stavros Malas resigns as Minister of Health caused by his duty as a candidate
- 17 October : Evroko's Executive Bureau decides that the party should not back any of the candidates
- 3 November : Evroko's Central Council decides for the election (1st choice: to accept Executive Bureau's decision; 2nd choice: to deny the Bureau's plan and hold a Pan-Cypriot Convention)
- 4 November : An electoral conference is held by the Ecological and Environmental Movement to make the decision official
- 2 January: Last day for the voters to register
- 14 January: The first presidential debate is held
- 18 January: The names of the candidates of the election are announced by the Central Electoral Service
- 28 January: The second presidential debate is held
- 11 February: The third presidential debate is held
- 17 February: Election Day:
- 7 am : voting process starts
- 6 pm : voting process ends
- 8 30 pm : The results are official
- 24 February : Second round
Announcements of candidates and supports for the first roundEdit
The first candidate who confirmed the intention to be the candidate of his party was DISY's Nicos Anastasiades on 11 February 2012 at the Pancypriot Convention of the party. The Supreme Council of DISY (on 17 February) had to choose between Nicos Anastasiades and MEP, Eleni Theocharous. The Council voted in favour of Nicos Anastasiades with 673 votes (86.73%) and Eleni Theocharous with 103 votes (13.27%).
When president Christofias decided not to be seeking re-election for February 2013, in late July AKEL's Central Committee decided to suggest Minister of Health Stavros Malas to be the candidate of the party. On 21 July 2012 the Pancypriot Convention of AKEL voted in favour of Stavros Malas with 1183 votes (92.3%), against 81 (6.3%) and 17 abstentions (1.3%). Stavros Malas confirmed his candidacy with the support of AKEL on 7 September. On 15 October he resigned as Minister of Health .
- Coalition attempt – EDEK
After a failed attempt by DIKO, Evroko, Ecological and Environmental Movement and EDEK to form a coalition, known as Intermediate political space (gr:Ενδιάμεσος πολιτικός χώρος- Endiamesos politikos horos), EDEK decided to back independent candidate Giorgos Lillikas ( who had already confirmed his candidacy on 6 April) on 27 July at the Central Committee of the party.
DIKO had two plans on the table. The first was to back Nicos Anastasiades and the second to back a candidate from DIKO. After the talks on 30 August between Nicos Anastasiades and the president of DIKO Marios Garoyian, the two leaders agreed for cooperation. On 25 September the Executive Bureau of DIKO officially suggested the Central Committee to back Anastasiades. At the Central Committee on 27 September 117 members voted in-favour of Anastasiades (81.9%), 27 against and 2 abstained. The two parties had also talks with other parties such as Evroko and the Ecological and Environmental Movement to create and broaden a coalition of "National Unity".
Evroko was between to choose either Anastasiades or Lillikas. On 27 September (DIKO's decision day) president of Evroko Demetris Sillouris, had talks with Nicos Anastasiades and most possible scenario was to back DISY. Although, on 17 October Evroko's Executive Bureau decided not to back any of the candidates. At the Central Council, on 3 November, it had to be decided either the acceptance of EB's decision or denial. 75% of the members of the party voted in-favour of EB's decision and 25% against. The members can vote any of the two candidates (Lillikas-Anastasiades) they want.
- Ecological and Environmental Movement
The Movement's Convention was held on 7 October. The members had the opportunity to decide which candidate would be backed by the Movement. The results were split between Lillikas and Anastasiades. Lillikas got 45% and Anastasiades 40%. An electoral conference was scheduled to be held on 4 November where the decision was going to be determined. The Movement would back the candidate who obtained 60% of the vote. Although no candidate obtained 60% of the vote and so the voters of the Movement can vote any of the candidates they want.(like Evroko did)
Candidates and supporting partiesEdit
Eleven candidates were approved to participate in the elections. Each candidate had to be recommended by one Cypriot citizen and supported by eight more.
All the names of the candidates were announced on 18 January. The names are:
- Nicos Anastasiades, supported by DISY, DIKO, Social Alliance – Evroko (part), Ecological and Environmental Movement (part)
- Stavros Malas, supported by AKEL
- Giorgos Lillikas, supported by EDEK, Evroko (part), Ecological and Environmental Movement (part)
- Lakis Ioannou, supported by LASOK
- Praxoula Antoniadou, supported by EDI
- Giorgos Charalambous, supported by ELAM
- Loukas Stavrou, supported by EDIK
- Andreas Efstratiou
- Makaria-Andri Stylianou
- Solon Gregoriou
- Kostas Kyriacou (Outopos)
Announcements of supports for the second roundEdit
After the elimination of Giorgos Lillikas in the first round, Evroko decided to back Nicos Anastasiades.
- Ecological and Environmental Movement
The Movement chose to keep the first decision.
When Lillikas didn't pass to the second round, the Executive Bureau decided not to endorse any of the remaining candidates. In contrast with EDEK, the Party of European Socialists (mother European political party of EDEK) endorsed Malas. This endorsement brought anger to some EDEK's MP.
- Orthodox Church of Cyprus
Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation had talks with all the spokespersons of the candidates. Lillikas and Malas wanted four debates, three before the first round and one before the second. Anastasiades wanted three (two for the first round and one for the second) because he believed that four debates would "harm the image" of the candidates. In a meeting with spokespersons of four large Cypriot media networks (Mega, ANT1, Sigma, RIK), it was proposed to hold five debates. In two debates all candidates would participate. The other three debates would be double, which means that they would be between two participants (Anastasiades-Malas, Malas-Lillikas, Anastasiades-Lillikas). However, on 7 November it was decided that three debates were going to be held before the first round and one before a possible second round.
The debates were held on 14 and 28 January and 11 February. The fourth and last presidential debate was held on 22 February. The structure of the debates was:
- First presidential debate's subject of discussion was the Cypriot economy.
- Second presidential debate's subject of discussion was the Cyprus dispute.
- The third presidential debate's subject was the economy and domestic affairs of the island.
- 2-hour-long debates.
- 20-second-long questions and 2-minute-long answers. Furthermore, journalists could ask a 15-second-long sub-question and candidates had 30-second-long answers.
- At the end of each section candidates had a minute to comment other candidates' positions.
Guinness World Records logo disputeEdit
On 29 January, the independent candidate Andreas Efstratiou was accused (by an anonymous citizen) of using the logo of Guinness World Records without the permission of the Corporation. The logo was printed on the ballot slip of the election. Efstratiou has been a holder of a Guinness World Record since 2007, when he created the longest wedding-gown train in the world. All the 545,180 ballot slips were destroyed and new ballot slips, without the logo, were printed. It was announced that €40,000 were wasted. The Central Electoral Service asked Efstratiou to pay at least €15,000. He refused, stating that he had 8 children and cannot afford the cost.
A collection of opinion polls taken before the elections is listed below. After 9 February 2013, no opinion poll was allowed to be published.
|Polling Firm||Source||Date Published||N.Anastasiades||G.Lillikas||S.Malas||Others|
|RAI Consultants||||16 September 2012|
|Evresis||[permanent dead link]||18 September 2012|
|Noverna||||23 September 2012|
|Prime Consulting Ltd||||7 October 2012|
|CMR Cypronetwork / Cybc||||18 October 2012|
|Evresis||[permanent dead link]||2 November 2012|
|RAI Consultants||[permanent dead link]||4 November 2012|
|CMR Cypronetwork / Cybc||||15 November 2012|
|Prime Consulting Ltd||||18 November 2012|
|Evresis||[permanent dead link]||27 November 2012|
|Noverna||||2 December 2012|
|Prime Consulting Ltd||||3 December 2012|
|CMR Cypronetwork / Cybc||||17 December 2012|
|Evresis||[permanent dead link]||22 December 2012|
|RAI Consultants Ltd||||13 January 2013|
|CMR Cypronetwork / Cybc||[permanent dead link]||17 January 2013|
|Prime Consulting Ltd||||27 January 2013|
|Evresis||[permanent dead link]||1 February 2013|
|Prime Consulting Ltd||||4 February 2013|
|Prime Consulting Ltd||||9 February 2013|
|RAI Consultants Ltd||||9 February 2013|
|CMR Cypronetwork / Cybc||||9 February 2013|
|Average (only valid votes)||–||–|
Comparative results (only valid votes)Edit
- RAI Consultants
- Prime Consulting Ltd
- CMR Cypronetwork/Cybc
Results and reactionEdit
On 24 February, Nicos Anastasiades won the presidential election with 57.48% of the vote; his opponent Stavros Malas received the remaining 42.52%. Of 545,000 eligible voters, 412,000 cast a ballot for one of the two candidates. In addition, the 81% turnout was lower than expected. It is believed that many people cast blank ballots or refused to vote out of protest. A week earlier, Anastasiades had won 45% of the first round vote with Malas receiving 27%, necessitating a second round of voting since no candidate received a strong majority of the votes. In that round, Giorgos Lillikas won 24% of the vote and eight minor candidates received under 1% each.
Anastasiades' victory led to celebrations in the nation's capital of Nicosia and boosted hopes of reaching a financial bailout deal with international banks. Economist Stelios Platis remarked "I would expect the markets, and business, to welcome Anastasiades's victory because he knows the rules of the game very well." However, political analyst Alexander White said immediate resolution to Cyprus' debt problems was unlikely. Agence France-Presse remarked that Anastasiades represented a stark contrast to the outgoing government and speculated that "his perceived bias towards big business may put him on a collision course with influential and powerful trade unions". In his concession speech, Malas pledged to support Anastasiades "in actions and politics that we believe are followed for the good of the country".
Anastasiades was sworn in on 28 February 2013 and assumed power on 1 March.
|Candidate and nominating parties||1st round||2nd round|
|Nicos Anastasiades - DISY||200,591||45.46||236,965||57.48|
|Stavros Malas - AKEL||118,755||26.91||175,267||42.52|
|Giorgos Lillikas - EDEK||109,996||24.93|
|Giorgos Charalambous - ELAM||3,899||0.88|
|Praxoula Antoniadou - EDI||2,678||0.61|
|Makaria-Andri Stylianou - Independent||1,898||0.43|
|Lakis Ioannou - LASOK||1,278||0.29|
|Solon Gregoriou - Independent||792||0.18|
|Kostas Kyriacou - Independent||722||0.16|
|Andreas Efstratiou - Independent||434||0.10|
|Loukas Stavrou - Independent||213||0.05|
|Turnout (out of 545,491 registered votes)||453,498||83.14||445,009||81.58|
|Source: results.elections.moi.gov.cy (first round and second round)|
Results (by district)Edit
- Elections in Cyprus IFES
- Evripidou, Stefanos (12 June 2012). "New face on the block in run for President 2013". Cyprus Mail. Retrieved 12 July 2012.[dead link]
- "AKEL chose Malas as their candidate for President Election in 2013". North Cyprus Daily. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "End of the road for Christofias – President will not seek re-election". Famagusta Gazette. 14 May 2012. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Supreme Council of DISY". Youtube.com. 17 March 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Page 11 DEAL between DIKO and DISY
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Executive Bureau says NO to back a presidential candidate
- "kathimerini.com".Candidates and their supporting people and parties
- "Πάει γι' Αναστασιάδη το ΕΥΡΩΚΟ". Sigma Live. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Κατά βούληση και στο 2ο γύρο οι Οικολόγοι
- "Υπέρ της υποψηφιότητας του Σταύρου Μαλά το Ευρωπαϊκό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα". iKypros. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Κύπρος: Ο αρχιεπίσκοπος Χρυσόστομος υποστηρίζει το Νίκο Αναστασιάδη". kathimerini.gr. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Debates -Phileleftheros newspaper". Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Decision for the debates[permanent dead link]
- "Gaffe with the ballot slips". Kathimerini.com.cy. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Final results: conservative Anastasiades wins Cyprus presidential election with 57.48 percent". 24 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.[dead link]
- "Cypriot conservative romps to presidential victory". Reuters. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Conservative Triumphs in Cyprus Presidential Election". 24 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Cypriot Government". Ekloges.gov.cy. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Georgiou, Georgios; Tugwell, Paul (24 February 2013). "Cyprus Picks Anastasiades as President to Fix Crisis-Hit Economy". Bloomberg. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- Charalambous, Charlie (24 February 2013). "Bruiser Anastasiades, new Cyprus president". Retrieved 24 February 2013.