In 1990, 300,000 to 600,000 Kashmiri Hindus left Kashmir after being selectively targeted by the Islamic militants.
The armed militants came dressed in counterfeit military uniforms. The attack took place between 11 pm and midnight. Victims included 11 men, 11 women, and two small boys who were lined up and shot and killed by the gunmen. The victims ranged from a 65-year-old man to a 2-year-old boy. On night of 23 March 2003 the terrorists entered at Nadimarg village near Shopian in Pulwama district in Jammu and Kashmir and dragged the Hindus out from their homes, lined them and shot them from automatic weapons. At least 24 Hindus including 11 women and 2 children were killed. The policemen posted there fled the scene. The killers allegedly disfigured the bodies of the victims, looted their houses and took away the ornaments from bodies of the dead women.
Three Lashkar-e-Taiba militants suspected to be responsible for this massacre were gunned down by Mumbai police on 29 March. Another Lashkar-e-Taiba Militant suspected of participating in the massacre was arrested in April 2003. Christina Rocca then US Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia argued for the need for US to remain "actively and effectively engaged", pointing out to this massacre. In an editorial in Pakistan's Dawn, Kunwar Idris criticised the massacre and said "Pundits are children of no lesser god that two hundred thousand of them should be driven out of their homes and the remaining few should be left to die a gruesome death." Chris Patten European Commissioner for External Relations and United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan also condemned the massacre. India accused Pakistan of being involved in this massacre and said that it would deal with Pakistan with strength and resolve. The police issued an arrest warrant in the Nadimarg massacre case, naming Zai Mustafa, alias Abdullah of Rawalkote, Pakistan. Intercepts by the intelligence agencies point out that there was a possible involvement of the Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Jaish-e-Mohammed groups which have been operating the Shupian area.
The US Ambassador to India Robert D. Blackwill condemned the massacre of 24 Kashmiri Pandits in Jammu and Kashmir and said Washington "look forward to the terrorists being brought to justice swiftly".
The US Secretary of State Powell and British foreign minister Straw issued a joint statement of 27 March 2003 and condemned the Nadimarg massacre, urged respect for the Line of Control, called on Pakistan to end infiltration across it and urged Pakistan to do its utmost to discourage acts of violence by militants in J&K.
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