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The 2002 Mombasa attacks were terrorist attacks on 28 November 2002 in Mombasa, Kenya against an Israeli-owned hotel and a plane belonging to Arkia Airlines. An all-terrain vehicle crashed through a barrier outside the Paradise Hotel and blew up, killing 13 and injuring 80. At the same time, attackers fired two surface-to-air missiles at an Israeli charter plane.[3] The Paradise Hotel was the only Israeli-owned hotel in the Mombasa area.[4]

2002 Mombasa attacks
Arkia B753 4X-BAW.jpg
This Arkia Boeing 757-300 was fired at by surface to air missiles as part of the 2002 Mombasa attacks. It is pictured here 3 years later at Munich Airport.[1]
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The attack site

Location of Mombasa in Kenya
LocationMombasa, Kenya
Coordinates4°03′00″S 39°39′58″E / 4.05°S 39.666°E / -4.05; 39.666Coordinates: 4°03′00″S 39°39′58″E / 4.05°S 39.666°E / -4.05; 39.666
Date28 November 2002; 16 years ago (2002-11-28)
TargetIsraeli hotel and plane
Attack type
car bombing, suicide attack, attempted shootdown
Weaponssurface-to-air missile
Deaths13 victims (3 Israelis, 10 Kenyans) and 3 suicide bombers[2]
Non-fatal injuries
80
Perpetratorsal-Qaeda

Contents

AttacksEdit

Hotel bombingEdit

The blast occurred on the eve of Hanukkah just after some 60 visitors had checked into the hotel, all of them from Israel for a holiday stay. Thirteen people were killed and 80 injured. Ten Kenyans died in the attack and three Israelis, two of them children. Nine of the victims were dancers who had been employed to welcome hotel guests. In an overnight rescue mission, four Israeli military Hercules planes were sent to Mombasa to evacuate the dead and injured.[3]

Aircraft attackEdit

 
Two Strela 2 missiles were fired during take-off, but missed the plane.

Almost simultaneous to the attack on the hotel, two shoulder-launched Strela 2 (SA-7) surface-to-air missiles were fired at a chartered Boeing 757 airliner owned by Israel-based Arkia Airlines as it took off from Moi International Airport. The Arkia charter company had a regular weekly service flying tourists between Tel Aviv and Mombasa. Kenyan police discovered a missile launcher and two missile casings in the Changamwe area of Mombasa, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the airport. The pilots planned on an emergency landing in Nairobi after seeing the two missiles streak past them, but decided to continue to Israel. The airliner landed at Ben Gurion Airport in Tel Aviv about five hours later, escorted by Israeli F-15 fighter jets.[5] Following the attack, all flights from Israel to Kenya were cancelled indefinitely.

PerpetratorsEdit

Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed, leader of the London-based Islamic organisation Al Muhajiroun, said that warnings had appeared on the Internet. "Militant groups who sympathise with Al-Qaeda warned one week ago that there would be an attack on Kenya and they mentioned Israelis," he said.[6] Initially, Israeli government spokesmen denied that such a warning had been received. But four days after the blast, Brigadier-General Yossi Kuperwasser admitted that Israeli military intelligence were aware of a threat in Kenya, but that it was not specific enough. Former Mossad head Danny Yatom took a similar line, saying that Israel got so many terror warnings they were not taken seriously.[5]

In Lebanon, a previously unknown group called the Army of Palestine has said it carried out the attacks and said it wanted the world to hear the "voice of the refugees" on the 55th anniversary of the partition of Palestine.[3][7]

On 20 December 2006, Salad Ali Jelle, Defence Minister of Somalia's Transitional Federal Government, said that one of the suspects, Abu Taha al-Sudan, was an Islamic Courts Union leader fighting against the Transitional Federal Government in the 2006 Battle of Baidoa.[8] On 14 September 2009, American troops killed Kenya-born Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan after a missile struck his car in the Barawe District, 250 kilometers south of Somalia's capital Mogadishu. Nabhan is believed to have bought the truck used in the 2002 bombing.[9]

International responseEdit

President George W Bush and Secretary of State Colin Powell of the United States,[3][10] Israel's Foreign Minister Benyamin Netanyahu, [11] the Kenyan government,[12] and United Kingdom Foreign Secretary Jack Straw[13] all condemned the attack. The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1450 condemning the attacks. Syria was the only member to oppose the resolution.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ASN Aircraft incident Boeing 757-3E7 4X-BAW Mombasa-Moi International Airport". Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  2. ^ Unanswered questions regarding Kenya terror attacks. World Socialist Web Site. 5 December 2002.
  3. ^ a b c d "Israel evacuates tourists from Kenya". BBC News. 29 November 2002.
  4. ^ "Kenyan hotel staff unpaid". BBC News. 5 December 2002.
  5. ^ a b UK condemns Kenya bomb attack. BBC News. 28 November 2002.
  6. ^ "Warnings were on Internet chat rooms, says cleric". Kenya Broadcasting Corporation. 28 November 2002. Retrieved 29 July 2010.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Al-Qaeda suspected in Kenya attacks. BBC News. 28 November 2002.
  8. ^ "Clashes broaden between Somali Islamist and government troops". Independent Online (South Africa). 20 December 2006. Retrieved 2 November 2007.
  9. ^ "Commandos Kill Suspect in 2002 Mombasa Hotel Blast". Haaretz. 15 September 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Powell Condemns Terror Attacks". GlobalSecurity.org. 29 November 2002. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
  11. ^ "At least eight killed in Mombasa hotel blast in Kenya". Xinhua News Agency. 28 November 2002.
  12. ^ "This is senseless terrorism, Govt says". Kenya Broadcasting Corporation. 28 November 2002. Retrieved 29 July 2010.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Kenya attacks: TV and radio reports". BBC News. 29 November 2002. Retrieved 29 July 2010.

External linksEdit