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In enzymology, a 2-aminoadipate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.39) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-aminoadipate transaminase
Identifiers
EC number2.6.1.39
CAS number9033-00-5
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
L-2-aminoadipate + 2-oxoglutarate 2-oxoadipate + L-glutamate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-2-aminoadipate and 2-oxoglutarate, whereas its two products are 2-oxoadipate and L-glutamate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically the transaminases, which transfer nitrogenous groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-2-aminoadipate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase. Other names in common use include alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase, 2-aminoadipate aminotransferase, 2-aminoadipic aminotransferase, glutamic-ketoadipic transaminase, and glutamate-alpha-ketoadipate transaminase. This enzyme participates in lysine biosynthesis and lysine degradation. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate.

Structural studiesEdit

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 2DTV.

ReferencesEdit

  • Matsuda M, Ogur M (1969). "Separation and specificity of the yeast glutamate-alpha-ketoadipate transaminase". J. Biol. Chem. 244 (12): 3352–8. PMID 5792664.