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1992 South Africa vs New Zealand rugby union match

In 1992, South Africa played a rugby union test match against New Zealand, which later became known as the Return Test. It was a rugby union test match between the South African national rugby union team (colloquially known as the Springboks) and New Zealand national rugby union team (colloquially known as the All Blacks) at Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg on 15 August 1992. It was named as the Return Test as it was South Africa's first test match since the International Rugby Board (IRB) had banned them due to apartheid.

1992 South Africa vs New Zealand rugby match
Ellis Park Stadium.jpg
Event1992 New Zealand rugby union tour of Australia and South Africa
Date15 August 1992
VenueEllis Park Stadium
Attendance72,000

HistoryEdit

Between 1984 and 1992, South Africa were isolated from playing test rugby due to pressures on the IRB from groups such as "Halt All Racist Tours" against South Africa's apartheid policies. They had played a number of unofficial tests against rebel teams such as the New Zealand Cavaliers but these were condemned by rugby's organising bodies and players that took part in them often received bans from national selection.[1]

In 1990, President F. W. de Klerk started negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa with Nelson Mandela's African National Congress (ANC). During negotiation, the white South African Rugby Board and the non-racial South African Rugby Union merged to create the South African Rugby Football Union.[2] Rugby at the time was seen by many black South Africans as a symbol of white supremacy. The ANC demanded that the new SARFU improve development of black players. This was because the Springboks team consisted solely of white players at the time, though black players were eligible for selection for the Springboks following the merger of the two governing bodies.[3] Following the yes vote in the South African apartheid referendum in March 1992, the IRB lifted restrictions on tours of South Africa. It was announced that the return test would be against New Zealand.[4] This was criticised in South Africa as the Springboks had not played full international rugby for 11 years and it was felt it would not be competitive however New Zealand were invited because it was felt appropriate after the events around the 1981 South Africa rugby union tour.[5]

Pre matchEdit

The ANC had agreed to support the match under three conditions: that the South African national flag not be flown officially, that the national anthem "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" not be played and that there would be a minute's silence to remember victims of the township violence in South Africa.[6] The SARFU agreed to these requests, but a request for visiting teams to visit Boipatong was not agreed to.[6]

Before the match, however, the Conservative Party passed out leaflets endorsing singing of "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" as a protest against black nationalism.[7][8] It was noticed that a large number of the predominantly white Afrikaaner crowd waved South African flags that the Conservative Party had also given out.[7][9] The minute's silence was also disrupted by the crowd jeering "Fuck die ANC" and singing "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika".[7] After the performance of "God Defend New Zealand"; SARFU President Louis Luyt broke the agreement with the ANC and played an instrumental version of "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" over the PA system with the crowd and several South African players joining in.[10] This was followed by the traditional haka of the All Blacks.[6]

The matchEdit

First halfEdit

The first points of the match were scored by New Zealand's Grant Fox from a penalty kick, during which the South African supporters counted Fox's steps[11] in a divergence from rugby etiquette where normally silence is kept during kicks.[12] South Africa also had a penalty kick at goal, but this was missed by Naas Botha. The first try of the match came from New Zealand's Zinzan Brooke following a quick tap penalty which was converted by Fox. South Africa then pressured the All Blacks but failed to score, with the score at the end of first half 10–0 to New Zealand.[13]

Second halfEdit

The second half started with Botha kicking a penalty to make the score 10–3. However Botha missed two further penalty kicks which proved crucial in the result of the match. Following a clearance kick from Robert du Preez, John Kirwan scored a try for New Zealand with Fox converting, making the score 17–3, before Fox scored another penalty to make it 20–3.[13] Later in the match Danie Gerber scored a try for the Springboks which Botha converted. Following some poor tackling, John Timu scored for the All Blacks, with the try again being converted by Fox. In the last 5 minutes of the match, South Africa scored two tries from Pieter Muller and Gerber with both being converted by Botha with the last kick of the game to make the final score 27–24.[13]

DetailsEdit

15 August 1992
13:30 UTC+2
South Africa   24–27   New Zealand
Try: Gerber (2), P.Muller (1)
Con: Botha (3)
Pen: Botha (1)
Report Try: Z.Brooke (1), Kirwan (1), Timu (1)
Con: Fox (3)
Pen: Fox (2)
Ellis Park, Johannesburg
Attendance: 72,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
South Africa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Zealand
FB 15 Theo van Rensburg
RW 14 James Small
OC 13 Danie Gerber
IC 12 Pieter Muller
LW 11 Pieter Hendriks
FH 10 Naas Botha (c)
SH 9 Robert du Preez
N8 8 Jannie Breedt
BF 7 Ian MacDonald
OF 6 Wahl Bartmann
RL 5 Adolf Malan
LL 4 Adri Geldenhuys
TP 3 Lood Muller
HK 2 Uli Schmidt
LP 1 Heinrich Rodgers
Replacements:
PR 16 Johan Styger
WG 17 Heinrich Füls
FL 18 Garth Wright
C 19 Hennie le Roux
WG 20 Drikus Hattingh
FB 21 Harry Roberts
Coach:
John Williams
FB 15 John Timu
RW 14 John Kirwan
OC 13 Frank Bunce
IC 12 Walter Little
LW 11 Inga Tuigamala
FH 10 Grant Fox
SH 9 Ant Strachan
N8 8 Zinzan Brooke
OF 7 Michael Jones
BF 6 Jamie Joseph
RL 5 Robin Brooke
LL 4 Ian Jones
TP 3 Richard Loe
HK 2 Sean Fitzpatrick (c)
LP 1 Olo Brown
Replacements:
SH 16 Jon Preston
WG 17 Matthew Cooper
Coach:
Laurie Mains

Post-matchEdit

Though the match was intended to be a celebration of unity, the pre-match actions caused a political row. The fact that "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" was played before the match and the reaction of the predominantly white crowd were perceived to be an act of white defiance. Luyt defended his decision to play the South African anthem, stating "I will not be threatened by anybody, and I don't care if certain people, not having rugby at heart, feel upset about my decision."[8] In its match report the following day, The Star wrote, "For that moment inside the concrete bowl, it seemed like a besieged tribe had gathered to take strength in their numbers and to send, from the protected citadel, a message of defiance to their perceived persecutors."[14]

The ANC threatened to withdraw support for South Africa's next test match against Australia, which could have led to the cancellation the match due to safety concerns and Australia stated they would not play if the match didn't have ANC support.[8][15] However, the future South African sports minister Steve Tshwete asked for the ANC to give the supporters another chance and the ANC did not withdraw their support.[15] Instead they issued a warning that if it happened again they would oppose all future tours and the 1995 Rugby World Cup.[6][7]

The return test was seen as the first step towards the 1995 Rugby World Cup, which South Africa hosted and won by defeating New Zealand 15–12 in the final. Before that match, both national anthems of South Africa – "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" and "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" – were played and sung by both players and fans.[16] The 1992 test was seen as the first step towards the notion of South Africa as a "rainbow nation" after apartheid as rugby started to gain support from all races.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The rebel rugby tour: Boots and all". New Zealand Herald. 7 September 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  2. ^ Buhlungu, Sakhela (1997). State of the Nation: South Africa 2007. A&C Black. p. 414. ISBN 0-7185-0072-5.
  3. ^ Black 1998, p. 8.
  4. ^ Black 1998, p. 79.
  5. ^ "A Political Game - a story of Rugby and Apartheid". Documentary. 2004. 36 minutes in. TVNZ. TV One.
  6. ^ a b c d "South Africa: Nick Farr Jones reflects on his experiences as Wallabies captain in South Africa". ESPN. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d Black 1998, p. 115.
  8. ^ a b c "ANC Threatens Call for Renewal of Rugby Boycott". The Washington Post  – via HighBeam (subscription required). 15 August 1992. Archived from the original on 29 May 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  9. ^ "The Early History of Rugby in South Africa". Sahistory.org.za. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  10. ^ Nauright, John (1997). Sport, Cultures, and Identities in South Africa. A&C Black. pp. 164–165. ISBN 0-7185-0072-5.
  11. ^ "First Test match". 1992 New Zealand rugby union tour of Australia and South Africa. Johannesburg. 15 August 1992. 15 minutes in. TVNZ.
  12. ^ John Beattie. "To boo or not to boo? That is the Murrayfield question". BBC. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  13. ^ a b c "SA Rugby Match Centre – South Africa 24-27 New Zealand". South African Rugby Union. 15 August 1992. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  14. ^ Nauright, John. ""A Besieged Tribe"?: Nostalgia, White Cultural Identity and the Role of Rugby in a changing South Africa" (PDF). University of Queensland. Retrieved 23 April 2016. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. ^ a b Claiborne, William (20 August 1992). "ANC Drops Its Objections To S. African Rugby Game; White Fans Admonished Not to Sing Anthem". The Washington Post  – via HighBeam (subscription required). Archived from the original on 29 May 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  16. ^ Carlin, John (2008). Playing the Enemy. New York: Penguin. pp. 173–178. ISBN 978-1-59420-174-5.
  17. ^ Black, 117

BibliographyEdit

  • Black, David Ross (1998). Rugby and the South African Nation. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-4932-6.