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The 1988 British Grand Prix (formally the XLI Shell Oils British Grand Prix) was a Formula One motor race held on 10 July 1988 at the Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone. It was the eighth race of the 1988 FIA Formula One World Championship.

1988 British Grand Prix
Race 8 of 16 in the 1988 Formula One World Championship
Silverstone Circuit 1987 to 1988.png
Race details
Date 10 July 1988
Official name XLI Shell Oils British Grand Prix
Location Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone, England
Course Permanent racing facility
Course length 4.778 km (2.969 mi)
Distance 65 laps, 310.570 km (192.979 mi)
Weather Wet and cool
Pole position
Driver Ferrari
Time 1:10.133
Fastest lap
Driver United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Judd
Time 1:23.308 on lap 48
Podium
First McLaren-Honda
Second Williams-Judd
Third Benetton-Ford

The 65-lap race was won by Ayrton Senna, driving a McLaren-Honda, after starting from third position. The win, Senna's fourth of the season, moved him to within six points of teammate Alain Prost in the Drivers' Championship, Prost having retired before half distance with handling problems. Local driver Nigel Mansell finished second in a Williams-Judd, with Alessandro Nannini third in a Benetton-Ford.

To commemorate the 40th anniversary of the opening of the Silverstone Circuit, many facilities had been added to the circuit, including a Press Centre complex, an internal ring road, debris fencing, wide screens to show live action as broadcast by the BBC, and a 600-metre long hospitality tent for corporate guests. However, the weekend was overshadowed by the death of RAC Chief Executive Peter Hammond in a car crash on the way to the track.

Contents

QualifyingEdit

After weeks of speculation, Nigel Mansell announced that he would race for Ferrari in the 1989 season, encouraged to go to the Italian team by a series of high speed accidents on Friday as a result of problems with Williams' reactive suspension, as well as a streak of seven consecutive retirements.

Williams struggled during qualifying. With Mansell only 13th after the Friday session and Riccardo Patrese 30th and last, some 14 seconds from 26th place, the team's Technical Director Patrick Head made a snap decision to dump the reactive suspension until the end of the season. This they did overnight between the Friday and Saturday sessions of the event after previously telling both drivers that changing to the more conventional suspension was next to impossible without months of work. Head said in an interview on race morning that "It's a bodge frankly. We've put steel mechanical springs and dampers on. We've changed the front struts into dampers, designed some new bits and pieces which we machined up overnight. We did some new pistons for the front struts...it's a bit of a bodge as I said".

The grid had an unfamiliar look to it. The McLarens were suffering handling problems because of new bodywork introduced that was more suitable for high speed circuits coming up later in the season. Meanwhile, the Ferraris of Gerhard Berger and Michele Alboreto got the jump on everyone and occupied the front row of the grid. Berger's pole time of 1:10.133 was three seconds slower than the 1987 pole time set by Nelson Piquet. Although on pole, Berger was far from confident going into the race stating that the Ferrari's could not live with the McLarens on fuel consumption, words echoed by Alboreto. For his part Alboreto secured his first front row start since he scored pole in the opening race of the 1985 season in Brazil, it was the last time the Italian would start an F1 race from the front row. Senna and Prost qualified in 3rd and 4th place, the first time no McLaren had been on the front row of the grid since the 1987 Mexican Grand Prix and first time in 1988 that neither McLaren was on pole.

During the Friday qualifying session, Senna had two high speed spins at Stowe corner as both he and Prost searched in vain for balance with their cars' new bodywork. The team reverted to the cars having the turbo snorkels for the rest of the weekend which restored some of the cars' balance, but the time lost and the Ferraris with their better top end power put pole out of reach of even Senna. Further testing at Silverstone before the next race in Germany revealed other factors and not the missing snorkels were the cause of the cars' imbalance and the McLarens did not appear with the turbo snorkels for the rest of the season.

The naturally aspirated March-Judds impressed with Maurício Gugelmin qualifying 5th and Ivan Capelli 6th, ahead of the turbos of Lotus and Arrows, while Mansell and Patrese qualified in 11th and 15th respectively with Patrese almost 18 seconds quicker in Saturday qualifying than he was on Friday. Despite Patrick Head describing the converted suspension as a bodge, both Williams drivers expressed their delight at their cars' new 'conventional' suspension, saying it was amazing how much more confidence they had in their cars knowing that they would now behave the same way lap after lap and not different from lap to lap and sometimes corner to corner as it was with the reactive cars.

Both Zakspeed turbos failed to qualify for the race showing the cars' lack of handling and lack of power from the team's own 4 cylinder engines with Bernd Schneider the slowest of the 30 drivers, some 7.9 seconds slower than Berger's Ferrari. His experienced teammate Piercarlo Ghinzani fared little better, being almost 6 seconds slower than the Ferrari. Also failing to make the grid were the EuroBrun of Oscar Larrauri and the Ligier of Stefan Johansson, who complained of lack of grip from his JS31. The Coloni of Gabriele Tarquini failed to pre-qualify, despite setting a time faster than what Schneider managed in qualifying.

Race summaryEdit

The race was held in pouring rain, the first wet race since the 1985 Belgian Grand Prix. Senna made an excellent start to tail Berger and Alboreto into the first turn. Alboreto had actually beaten Berger away but with the inside line the Austrian pulled ahead through Copse. Senna was soon past the Italian and challenging Berger for the lead. Prost made a poor start, falling back to ninth. On lap 3, Capelli dropped back with electrical trouble.

By lap 14 Gugelmin, Alessandro Nannini and Mansell were fighting for third place. One lap later, Senna finally took the lead under the Bridge chicane, overtaking Berger and lapping a slow-running Prost at the same time. Using his skill in wet conditions, Senna managed to pull away and build a lead. On lap 20, Mansell overtook Nannini for fourth, after which the Italian spun at Club and let Gugelmin through. Two laps later, Mansell passed Alboreto for third. On lap 24 Prost retired, claiming handling problems of his McLaren.

"The handling of my car was terrible from the start. Understeer here, oversteer there...I was getting into huge slides, taking huge risks, to run 15th. Why risk a big accident, maybe break a leg or something, and put myself out for the rest of the year – so I can maybe be 12th or something? Everyone does what he wants with his own car and his own life. I know maybe I lost the championship today, but I decided to stop."

Alain Prost in the McLaren pit following his retirement from the British Grand Prix.[1]

Seeking out the wet parts of the track to cool his tyres, Mansell set the fastest lap of the race on lap 48, at an average speed of 206 km/h. On lap 50, he caught and passed Berger, then held second place until the finish, some 23 seconds behind Senna. Berger was suffering with a fuel deficit and was losing places rapidly. He finally ran out of fuel on the very last corner, dropping from 5th to 9th behind Piquet, Warwick, Cheever and Patrese. The same problem happened to Alboreto, who had run out of fuel on lap 63.

Nannini, despite two further spins, claimed his first Grand Prix podium finish. Gugelmin collected his first World Championship points, and Nelson Piquet and Derek Warwick rounded out the top six.

Mansell's fastest lap time of 1:23.308 was over 13 seconds slower than the lap record of 1:09.832 he set the previous year in dry conditions.

ClassificationEdit

QualifyingEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Q1 Q2 Gap
1 28   Gerhard Berger Ferrari 1:10.746 1:10.133
2 27   Michele Alboreto Ferrari 1:10.669 1:10.332 +0.199
3 12   Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 1:10.787 1:10.616 +0.483
4 11   Alain Prost McLaren-Honda 1:11.550 1:10.736 +0.603
5 15   Maurício Gugelmin March-Judd 1:11.766 1:11.745 +1.612
6 16   Ivan Capelli March-Judd 1:13.030 1:12.006 +1.873
7 1   Nelson Piquet Lotus-Honda 1:13.166 1:12.040 +1.907
8 19   Alessandro Nannini Benetton-Ford 1:13.400 1:12.737 +2.604
9 17   Derek Warwick Arrows-Megatron 1:12.843 1:13.287 +2.710
10 2   Satoru Nakajima Lotus-Honda 1:13.192 1:12.862 +2.729
11 5   Nigel Mansell Williams-Judd 1:14.192 1:12.865 +2.732
12 20   Thierry Boutsen Benetton-Ford 1:12.960 1:12.986 +2.827
13 18   Eddie Cheever Arrows-Megatron 1:14.247 1:12.984 +2.851
14 22   Andrea de Cesaris Rial-Ford 1:13.910 1:13.438 +3.305
15 6   Riccardo Patrese Williams-Judd 1:31.541 1:13.677 +3.544
16 14   Philippe Streiff AGS-Ford 1:15.272 1:14.260 +4.127
17 3   Jonathan Palmer Tyrrell-Ford 1:16.607 1:14.451 +4.318
18 24   Luis Pérez-Sala Minardi-Ford 1:15.590 1:14.643 +4.510
19 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 1:14.732 1:14.832 +4.599
20 33   Stefano Modena EuroBrun-Ford 1:17.889 1:14.888 +4.755
21 36   Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 1:15.779 1:14.924 +4.791
22 30   Philippe Alliot Lola-Ford 1:15.635 1:14.992 +4.859
23 29   Yannick Dalmas Lola-Ford 1:16.014 1:15.004 +4.871
24 4   Julian Bailey Tyrrell-Ford 1:16.249 1:15.135 +5.002
25 25   René Arnoux Ligier-Judd 1:16.859 1:15.374 +5.241
26 21   Nicola Larini Osella 1:16.780 1:15.527 +5.394
DNQ 32   Oscar Larrauri EuroBrun-Ford 1:16.691 1:16.026 +5.893
DNQ 9   Piercarlo Ghinzani Zakspeed 1:18.359 1:16.043 +5.910
DNQ 26   Stefan Johansson Ligier-Judd 1:17.438 1:16.110 +5.977
DNQ 10   Bernd Schneider Zakspeed 1:19.078 1:18.010 +7.877
DNPQ 31   Gabriele Tarquini Coloni-Ford

RaceEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 12   Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 65 1:33:16.367 3 9
2 5   Nigel Mansell Williams-Judd 65 + 23.344 11 6
3 19   Alessandro Nannini Benetton-Ford 65 + 51.214 8 4
4 15   Maurício Gugelmin March-Judd 65 + 1:11.378 5 3
5 1   Nelson Piquet Lotus-Honda 65 + 1:20.835 7 2
6 17   Derek Warwick Arrows-Megatron 64 + 1 Lap 9 1
7 18   Eddie Cheever Arrows-Megatron 64 + 1 Lap 13  
8 6   Riccardo Patrese Williams-Judd 64 + 1 Lap 15  
9 28   Gerhard Berger Ferrari 64 + 1 Lap 1  
10 2   Satoru Nakajima Lotus-Honda 64 + 1 Lap 10  
11 36   Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 64 + 1 Lap 21  
12 33   Stefano Modena EuroBrun-Ford 64 + 1 Lap 20  
13 29   Yannick Dalmas Lola-Ford 63 + 2 Laps 23  
14 30   Philippe Alliot Lola-Ford 63 + 2 Laps 22  
15 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 63 + 2 Laps 19  
16 4   Julian Bailey Tyrrell-Ford 63 + 2 Laps 24  
17 27   Michele Alboreto Ferrari 62 Out of fuel 2  
18 25   René Arnoux Ligier-Judd 62 + 3 Laps 25  
19 21   Nicola Larini Osella 60 Out of fuel 26  
Ret 20   Thierry Boutsen Benetton-Ford 38 Transmission 12  
Ret 16   Ivan Capelli March-Judd 34 Alternator 6  
Ret 11   Alain Prost McLaren-Honda 24 Handling 4  
Ret 3   Jonathan Palmer Tyrrell-Ford 14 Engine 17  
Ret 22   Andrea de Cesaris Rial-Ford 9 Clutch 14  
Ret 14   Philippe Streiff AGS-Ford 8 Broken wing 16  
Ret 24   Luis Pérez-Sala Minardi-Ford 0 Suspension 18  
DNQ 32   Oscar Larrauri EuroBrun-Ford    
DNQ 9   Piercarlo Ghinzani Zakspeed    
DNQ 26   Stefan Johansson Ligier-Judd    
DNQ 10   Bernd Schneider Zakspeed    
DNPQ 31   Gabriele Tarquini Coloni-Ford      
Source:[2]

Championship standings after the raceEdit

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roebuck, Nigel (January 1989). "Grand Prix – World Formula One Championship 1988/89". 4 (1): 93.
  2. ^ "1988 British Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Britain 1988 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 13 March 2019.


Previous race:
1988 French Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1988 season
Next race:
1988 German Grand Prix
Previous race:
1987 British Grand Prix
British Grand Prix Next race:
1989 British Grand Prix
Awards
Preceded by
1987 Japanese Grand Prix
Formula One Promotional Trophy
for Race Promoter

1988
Succeeded by
1989 Japanese Grand Prix