1973 in Chile

Events in the year 1973 in Chile.

Flag of Chile.svg
1973
in
Chile

Decades:
See also:

IncumbentsEdit

EventsEdit

JanuaryEdit

  • January 6 – Strike of the urban transport of Santiago.
  • January 7 :
    • In Hamburg, a shipment of Chilean copper is seized, while an appeal was presented from the Private Company Kennecott against the State of Chile.
    • The Government announces the introduction of a "war economy", which includes food rationing and control of wheat production.
  • January 8 :
    • Strike of the Chuquicamata railroad workers.
    • A militant of the Communist Party is assassinated by unknown members of Fatherland and Liberty in a rally.
  • January 10 – The National Distribution Secretariat is created to order and regulate the distribution of items considered "essential".
  • January 13 – The Armed Forces reaffirm their unconditional support for the constitutional government.
  • January 15 – Merchants Self-Defense Commands are formed in Santiago to boycott government measures.
  • January 20 – The workers of Canal 9 of the University of Chile, took seized by the Armed militia due to sanctions against constitutional government.
  • January 30 – The senator of the Christian Democracy José Musalem suffers an attack with firearms, from which he escapes unharmed.

FebruaryEdit

  • February 2–16 exiles from Haiti arrived on Chilean soil.
  • February 4 – The government reports that unemployment fell to 3.6% in December 1972.
  • February 5 – Pablo Neruda resigns as ambassador to France for health reasons, returning to Chile.
  • February 8 – Canal 13 begins the transmissions of its repeater in Concepción through the VHF 5 frequency, with which the local signal adopts the name of Canal 5. However, the government considers the action illegal.
  • February 15 – Deputy Arturo Frei Bolívar, who was running for re-election in March , was seriously wounded after he received a bullet in the skull, when leaving a proclamation in Chiguayante and the PIR senator Eugenio Velasco was attacked and wounded by supporters of popular unity while he was campaigning in Talca.
  • February 20 – The Ministry of Interior reports that the different pre-electoral clashes between political factions have resulted in 67 people arrested, 4 dead and 120 injured.

MarchEdit

 
Salvador Allende voting in the 1973 parliamentary elections.
  • March 4
    • Parliamentary Elections
      • Only two blocs participate in these elections: the CODE (Confederation of Democracy, an opposition alliance, made up of National Party and Christian Democracy) and the UP (Unidad Popular, made up of the parties that support the government of Salvador Allende). In which the Popular Unity obtained 44.66% of the votes for Deputy, against 54.42% of the opposition alliance; and 46.56% of the votes for Senators, against 48.09% for the opposition alliance.
      • The police arrested five far-right terrorists with 1,800 sticks of dynamite.
  • March 11–2 people injured and numerous damage left behind by an attack with explosives perpetrated by left-wing extremists in front of the headquarters of the Christian Democratic Party in Valparaíso .
  • March 12 – Two buses from the Flecha Norte company collide head-on on the route that connects Calama with Antofagasta in the north of the country in front of the Salinas station. 36 people die and 77 people are injured, being, so far, the traffic accident with the highest number of fatalities in the history of the country.
  • March 16 – Young Christian Democrats Sergio Óscar Vergara and Germán Enrique González Menares, 16 and 17 years old respectively, are shot by terrorists in a plot located in the queen's commune.
  • March 25 – An investigation by the United States Congress acknowledged having given 1 million dollars to prevent Allende's assumption as president.
  • March 27 – Cabinet change. The new ministers are: Gerardo Espinoza (Socialist Party) in the Interior; Pedro Hidalgo (Socialist Party) in Agriculture; Sergio Bitar (Christian Left) in Mining, Roberto Cuellar (Independent Popular Action) in Lands and Colonization; and Aníbal Palma (Radical Party) in the General Secretariat of the Government.

AprilEdit

  • April 11 – The Constitutional Court of Chile indicates that the parliament violated the Constitution by intervening in the salary increase, since it is an exclusive attribution of the executive power.
  • April 19:
    • An indefinite strike begins at the El Teniente copper deposit , which would last 74 days.
    • Unknown armed rebels toppled the Monument to Che Guevarra in Southern Part of Chile.
    • Attempted fire at the premises of the official newspaper Última Hora.
  • April 22 – The first gay protest was organised.
  • April 24 – Presidential Gardener Carlos Henríquez Cisternas, was assassinated by Willians Ramírez Barría, a member of the GAP (Group of Personal Friends). Later he tried to shoot 2 reporters from Las Últimas Noticias who came to cover the incident.
  • April 25 – The government complains against the opposition newspaper El Mercurio.
  • April 27 – Massive concentration of adherents of the Popular Unity, in which Allende addresses the protesters.

MayEdit

  • May 1 – Patricio Aylwin assumes the presidency of the Christian Democratic Party replacing Renán Fuentealba Moena .
  • May 2 :
    • The Soviet Government was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize to Salvador Allende.
    • The leader of Patria y Libertad , Roberto Thieme, requests political asylum in Argentina .
    • Shooting confrontation between far-left militants and the far-right organization Patria y Libertad , in which one of its members is killed.
  • May 4 :
    • Papelera is announced to be nationalized by the Government. This generates an energetic reaction from the opposition to said measure, starting a campaign to prevent the transfer of the factory to the State, whose emblem was "La Papelera NO".
    • Shooting confrontation between adherents of the National Party and Popular Unity, which ended with 1 dead and 3 wounded.
  • May 5 – A state of emergency is declared in the Province of Santiago.
  • May 7 – In Concepción the newspaper El Cóndor is attacked by members of Patria y Libertad , who also kidnap and tortured three young communists.
  • May 10 – A state of emergency is decreed in the Province of O'Higgins, due to the El Teniente strike.
  • May 14 – Several premises of Patria y Libertad are raided , finding numerous weapons and explosives, after the call of its leader Roberto Thieme (from Argentina) to unleash a civil war.
  • May 17 – Meetings of Patria y Libertad are prohibited.
  • May 21 – Allende warns about the dangers that loom over democracy and peace, in his message to Congress.
  • May 23 – One dead and two seriously injured leaves an attack with heavy fire towards strikers when they passed the headquarters of the Socialist Party of Rancagua.
  • May 27 :

National Day of Voluntary Work, whose motto was Chile works for Chile, in which more than 3 million people participate in support of the government.

  • May 30 –Dynamite attack on a television tower of Televisión Nacional de Chile in which one person is killed.
  • May 31 :
    • Official visit of the President of Cuba, Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado.
    • Attack on the headquarters of the Communist Party and on Radio Corporación, by militants from Patria y Libertad.
    • Radio Agricultura is closed for six days.
    • Confrontation between miners from El Teniente and the Carabineros, a miner is killed.

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

SeptemberEdit

  • September 11 - Democratically Elected President Salvador Allende is deposed via Coup d'etat[1] The coup was back by the United States due to Allende's nationalization of key American economic interests in Chile.[2]

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

Unknown DatesEdit

  • March – President Allende announced at the beginning of March that a new educational plan, called the Unified National School (ENU), will be launched and that it would have the objective of concentrating all education in the hands of the State, which would impose programs.

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ O'Shaughnessy, Hugh. "Chilean Coup: 40 Years Ago I Watched Pinochet Crush a Democratic Dream." The Guardian. September 07, 2013. Accessed May 9, 2022. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/07/chile-coup-pinochet-allende.
  2. ^ United States of America. Central Intelligence Agency. Directorate of Intelligence. The Chilean Economy: Trends Under Frei and Prospects for 1969-70. 1-31. Accessed May 9, 2022. https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP85T00875R001600020055-9.pdf