The following lists events that happened during 1965 in Australia.
|1965 in Australia|
|Governor-General||Viscount De L'Isle, then Lord Casey|
|Prime minister||Sir Robert Menzies|
|Australian of the Year||Robert Helpmann|
|Elections||WA, SA, NSW|
- Monarch – Elizabeth II
- Governor-General – Viscount De L'Isle (until 7 May), then Lord Casey
- Prime Minister – Sir Robert Menzies
- Chief Justice – Sir Garfield Barwick
State and territory leadersEdit
- Premier of New South Wales – Jack Renshaw (until 13 May), then Robert Askin
- Opposition Leader – Robert Askin (until 13 May), then Jack Renshaw
- Premier of Queensland – Frank Nicklin
- Premier of South Australia – Sir Thomas Playford IV (until 10 March), then Frank Walsh
- Opposition Leader – Frank Walsh (until 10 March), then Sir Thomas Playford IV
- Premier of Tasmania – Eric Reece
- Premier of Victoria – Henry Bolte
- Premier of Western Australia – David Brand
Governors and administratorsEdit
- Governor of New South Wales – Lieutenant General Sir Eric Woodward (until 31 July)
- Governor of Queensland – Colonel Sir Henry Abel Smith
- Governor of South Australia – Lieutenant General Sir Edric Bastyan
- Governor of Tasmania – General Sir Charles Gairdner
- Governor of Victoria – Major General Sir Rohan Delacombe
- Governor of Western Australia – Major General Sir Douglas Kendrew
- Administrator of Nauru – Reginald Leydin
- Administrator of Norfolk Island – Roger Nott
- Administrator of the Northern Territory – Roger Dean
- Administrator of Papua and New Guinea – Sir Donald Cleland
- actor, dancer and choreographer Sir Robert Helpmann is named Australian of the Year
- the Australian Conservation Foundation is formed
- the Australian Council of National Trusts (ACNT) is formed
- Northern Territory patrol officers forcibly round up the last groups of the Pintubi Aboriginal people still living an independent traditional lifestyle, and resettle them on the Papunya and Yuendumu missions
Events in Australia's history
7 Australia's first hydrofoil ferry begins service to Manly, in Sydney.
12 Bodies of two 15-year-olds, Christine Sharrock and Marianne Schmidt, found at Wanda Beach, Sydney; case remains unsolved.
16 Passenger and car ferry Empress of Australia begins operating between Sydney and Hobart.
27 Police at Mt Isa given the power to arrest without warrant and ban any person aiding the strike there; Pat Mackie banned.
11 Mt Isa Mines suspends all operations.
18 Gas (later, oil) struck in Bass Strait from Esso-BHP's Barracouta well.
20 Brand government re-elected in WA.
Duke of Edinburgh visits Australia (to 26th).
22 Royal Australian Mint opened in Canberra by Prince Philip. (Begins producing the first Australian-made decimal coins.)
- Charles Perkins leads a "freedom ride" through NSW in an attempt to end Aboriginal segregation.
1 Echuca, Vic., gazetted as a city.
6 Labor wins government in SA for the first time in 32 years; Frank Walsh becomes Premier, replacing Sir Thomas Playford, who had been in office for 26 years and four months, a record term in Australia.
10 First drawing of the birthday lottery to determine those eligible for National Service training.
12 Swan Hill, Vic., becomes a city.
17 Legislation introduced outlawing picketing and restricting pamphlets and banners at Mt Isa. (Strikers begin returning to work later in month.)
20 Duke and Duchess of Gloucester visit Australia (to 26 Apr.).
24 Prime Minister Menzies announces a new concept in tertiary education as recommended by the Martin Committee on the Future of Tertiary Education in Australia.
29 Menzies announces the government's decision to send a combat force to Vietnam following a request from Saigon for more military aid.
1 Labor defeated in NSW after 24 years in office; R. W. Askin becomes Premier.
27 First Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, leaves Sydney in the aircraft-carrier Sydney for active duty in Vietnam.
29 Captain Cook Bridge, Sydney, opened.
2 Secondary school teachers in Vic. stage a strike, the first teachers' strike in Australia since 1920.
13 Limited free-trade agreement negotiated between Australia and NZ.
21 Report of the Vernon Committee of Economic Inquiry tabled in federal parliament. (Principal recommendations rejected by government.)
22 Baron Casey succeeds Lord De L'Isle as Governor-General.
23 Roma Mitchell appointed judge of the Supreme Court of SA-the first woman to become a judge in Australia.
7 Sir Robert Menzies appointed Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.
7 Underground fire at the Bulli colliery, NSW; four miners killed.
16 Economic sanctions imposed on Rhodesia following that country's unilateral declaration of independence.
- Churchill Fellowships awarded for the first time.
15 Harry Chan becomes the first elected president of the NT Legislative Council.
- First section of the Sydney-Newcastle expressway opened.
Events by monthEdit
- The Kinks and The Rolling Stones tour Australia
- 7 January – The first hydrofoil service begins on Sydney Harbour.
- 10 January – Evonne Goolagong wins the NSW junior hard-court title.
- 11 January – The bodies of two 15-year-old girls, Christine Sharrock and Marianne Schmidt, are found at Wanda Beach in southern Sydney. Despite the offer of an unprecedented £10,000 reward, the murders are never solved.
- 16 January – The vehicular ferry Empress of Australia begins operating between Sydney and Hobart.
- 27 January – Queensland Police are given the power to arrest without warrant and ban anyone aiding the striking Mount Isa Mines workers. Union leader Pat Mackie is banned from the site.
- Judge Aaron Levine overturns the obscenity conviction of the editors of Oz magazine
- Charles Perkins leads The Freedom Ride, which travels through country NSW, protesting the racial discrimination against Aboriginal people.
- Margaret Court wins the Australian women's tennis singles title for the sixth consecutive year
- 18 February – Esso-BHP strikes gas at the Barracouta well in Bass Strait.
- 20 February – Freedom Ride participants including Charles Perkins are ejected from the Moree municipal swimming baths after protesting against its policy of not admitting Aborigines.
- 22 February – Prince Philip opens the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra.
- Talbot Duckmanton succeeds Sir Charles Moses as chairman of The Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC)
- The Seekers' single I'll Never Find Another You reaches No. 1 in the UK charts. It becomes the first recording by an Australian act to sell more than 1 million copies and eventually sells more than 1.75 million
- 1 March – The Amateur Swimming Union of Australia stuns the nation with its decision that Olympic champion and 1964 Australian of the Year Dawn Fraser will be banned from all amateur competition for ten years. The decision follows an inquiry into Fraser's alleged misbehaviour during the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.
- 6 March – The Australian Labor Party wins the South Australian election, taking government for the first time in 32 years. Labor leader Frank Walsh becomes Premier, replacing LCL leader Sir Thomas Playford, Australia's longest-serving premier, who had held office for 26 years, 4 months.
- 10 March – The first drawing of the national service conscription lottery.
- 17 March – The Queensland government legislates to ban picketing and restricting pamphlets and banners at the Mount Isa mine. The strikers workers return to work later in the month.
- 31 March – Merle Thorton and Rosalie Bogner chained their ankles to the front bar of the Regatta Hotel in Brisbane in protest against the Queensland liquor laws that banned women from pubs.
- George Johnston wins the Miles Franklin Award for his novel My Brother Jack
- 27 April – Police raid Melbourne's Austral Bookshop and seize copies of The Trial of Lady Chatterley, a banned book which recounts of the British obscenity trial of author D. H. Lawrence.
- Prime Minister Robert Menzies announces that an Australian combat force will be sent to South Vietnam in response to a request for military aid from the South Vietnamese government.
- 1 May – The Australian Labor Party (ALP) is defeated in the NSW state election after 24 years in government and the Liberal Party, led by Robin Askin takes power.
- 27 May – The 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment leaves for Vietnam on HMAS Sydney.
- The official opening of the Captain Cook Bridge, which spans the Georges River
- TV variety show In Melbourne Tonight celebrates its 2000th performance. Since its premiere in 1957 the show had earned the Nine Network over £AU4 million in advertising revenue and it attracted more viewers per capita than any other television show in the world, with the network rumoured to be paying host Graham Kennedy more than £AU20,000 per year (14 June)
- 21 June – The Premier of Tasmania, Eric Reece, announces the Gordon Power scheme will "result in some modification to the Lake Pedder National Park", but it was still in development and no further details were revealed.
- 30 June – At a speech to the Australian Club in London, PM Sir Robert Menzies declares that Australia is in a state of war in Vietnam.
- 18 to 20 July - Snow is recorded as far north as the Clark Range in Queensland, killing drought-weakened livestock. At the same time, extremely heavy rainfall in the North Coast turns drought into flood, with Brisbane having its wettest-ever July day with 193.2 millimetres (7.6 in).
30 October – English model Jean Shrimpton wears a controversially short white shift dress to the Victoria Derby at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia – a pivotal moment of the introduction of the miniskirt to women's fashion.
- 5 November – The 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, is deployed in Operation Hump in Vietnam.
- 13 November – Kevin Arthur Wheatley dies in Vietnam while defending a wounded comrade. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his gallantry.
- 25 December - Christmas
Science and technologyEdit
- the Siding Springs Observatory opens
Arts and literatureEdit
- Clifton Pugh's portrait of R.A. Henderson wins the Archibald Prize for portraiture
- Larry Sitsky's opera The Fall of the House of Usher
- Peter Sculthorpe's Sun Music I
- Joan Sutherland returns to perform in Australia after 14 years overseas
- the Canberra School of Music is established
- Ballet in a Nutshell (later the Sydney Dance Company) and the Australian Dance Theatre form
- The South Australian Theatre Company is formed
- Sydney's Philip St Theatre stages its famous comedy revue A Cup of Tea, a Bex and a Good Lie Down. The production runs for twelve months, and the title passes into common usage.
- The Ambassador (Morris West)
- The Merry-Go-Round in the Sea (Randolph Stow)
- The Slow Natives by Thea Astley is awarded the Miles Franklin Literary Award
- Faces in the Sun wins the AFI Award for Best Film
- Jimmy Hannan wins the Gold Logie Award
Light Fingers won the Melbourne Cup.
Cricket: Australia lose a five test series away to the West Indies 2–1. The West Indies side includes greats such as Garry Sobers and Rohan Kanhai, while Australia featured opening batsmen Bill Lawry and Bobby Simpson.
Rugby League: 1965 NSWRFL season St. George win the tenth of a record eleven consecutive premierships in the NSWRL, defeating South Sydney 12–8 in the Grand Final. Eastern Suburbs finish in last position, claiming the wooden spoon.
Golf: The Australian Veteran Golfers Association. (A.V.G.A.) was formed on 7 July 1965 by four businessmen, Messrs. A Hall, W.Foulsham J.Barkel and H.Hattersley.
- 25 January – Luke Woolmer, politician
- 17 March – Tarnya Smith, politician
- 6 April – Tim Nicholls, politician
- 18 April – Fiona Simpson, politician
- 24 April – Lucinda Cowden, actress
- 10 May
- Greg Fasala, swimmer
- Paul Langmack, rugby league player and coach
- 13 May – John McVeigh, politician
- 15 May – Glenn Seton, racing driver
- 23 May – Paul Sironen, rugby league player
- 31 May – Todd McKenney, entertainer
- 2 June – Steve Waugh, Mark Waugh, cricketers
- 4 June – Michael Doohan, motorcycle racer
- 25 June – Stan Longinidis, heavyweight kickboxer
- 1 July – Simon Youl, tennis player
- 7 July – Irina Berezina, Ukrainian-born international chess Master and trainer
- 9 July – Steve Minnikin, politician
- 12 July – Jennifer Howard, politician
- 25 July – Dale Shearer, rugby league footballer
- 2 August
- Andrew Blackman, actor and theatre director
- Joe Hockey, politician
- 9 August – Darren Millane, Australian rules football player (d. 1991)
- 28 August – Steve Walters, rugby league footballer of the 1980s and 1990s.
- 1 September – Craig McLachlan, actor and singer
- 19 September – Antonella Gambotto-Burke, author and journalist
- 21 September – David Wenham, actor
- 26 October – Steve Davies, politician
- 29 October – Andrew Ettingshausen, rugby league footballer of the 1980s and 1990s
- 1 November – Michael Daley, politician
- 5 December – Simon Finn, politician
- 7 December – Deborah Bassett, rower
- 11 December – Glenn Lazarus, rugby league footballer of the 1980s and 1990s.
- 20 February – Lex Davison, racing driver (born 1923)
- 2 November – H. V. Evatt, politician and diplomat (born 1894)
- 15 June – Florence Sulman, author and educationalist (born 1876 in England)
- ^ Natalie Bochenski (22 April 2014). "Merle's Bar toasts Brisbane suffragette". brisbane times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- ^ Interim Report – The Future of Lake Pedder Archived 30 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Lake Pedder Committee of Enquiry, 29 September 1997.
- ^ Tasmanian Sporting Hall of Fame Honour Roll, Department of Economic Development, Tourism and the Arts (Tasmanian Government), 2008.
- ^ "BASSETT". worldrowing.com. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
- ^ Henry, Margaret. "Sulman, Florence (1876–1965)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 9 September 2022.