1956 Pacific typhoon season

The 1956 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1956, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

1956 Pacific typhoon season
1956 Pacific typhoon season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJanuary 18, 1956
Last system dissipatedJanuary 1, 1957
Strongest storm
NameWanda
 • Maximum winds295 km/h (185 mph)
 • Lowest pressure910 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions39
Total storms26
Typhoons18
Super typhoons5 (unofficial)
Total fatalities>5,980
Total damage> $60.5 million (1956 USD)
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1956 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical storms forming in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Fleet Weather Center on Guam.

SystemsEdit

Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale

A total of 39 tropical cyclones are made in the Western Pacific Basin. Of all the 39 tropical cyclones made, 23 of them reached tropical storm strength, 15 of them reached typhoon strength, and 3 of them reached the super typhoon strength. The rest of the storms, such as unnumbered and unnamed tropical depressions and storms, are only classified by the CMA while the JMA is sometimes rare before the 1960s - 1970s.

Typhoon SarahEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationMarch 21 – April 5
Peak intensity215 km/h (130 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Sarah formed at a low latitude on March 21 and took a generally northwest heading. On the 31st as it approached the Philippine islands, it slowed then reversed its direction dissipating on April 4.

Tropical Storm 02WEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationApril 10 – April 15
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1001 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 02W formed on April 10. It hit Philippines as a tropical depression. It move westward hitting Vietnam dissipating on April 15.

Typhoon ThelmaEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationApril 16 – April 25
Peak intensity285 km/h (180 mph) (1-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

On April 16, Thelma formed near the formation place of typhoon Sarah. Thelma struck the Philippine Islands on April 21 and passed close to Formosa on April 23 then struck Japan. The U.S. Navy Fleet Weather Central in Guam stopped following Thelma on April 25.

Tropical Storm 04WEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationJune 16 – June 21
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon VeraEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 5 – July 9
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  982 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon WandaEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 25 – August 5
Peak intensity295 km/h (185 mph) (1-min)  910 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression developed southwest of Guam on July 25. It moved north-northeastward, passing east of the Northern Marianas. On July 27, it intensified into a tropical storm and was designated Wanda. On the same day, the storm turned more westward, steered by the subtropical ridge to the north. Low wind shear and warm waters allowed Wanda to intensify steadily, developing into an intense typhoon while . On July 30, reconnaissance aircraft recorded a minimum pressure of 902 mbar (26.6 inHg), and the peak winds were estimated at 295 km/h (185 mph). After passing through the Miyako Islands, Wanda weakened slightly and traversed the East China Sea. On August 1, the typhoon made landfall in eastern China near Zhoushan, Zhejiang, producing a pressure of 923 mbar (27.3 inHg); this was the lowest pressure recorded in China from a tropical cyclone. Wanda slowly weakened while progressing through China, dissipating on August 5.[1][2]

Taipei on Taiwan recorded 297.3 mm (11.70 in) of rainfall over three days while the typhoon passed to the north. Along the coast of Zhejiang, Wanda produced a 5.02 m (16.5 ft) storm surge that destroyed 465 seawalls and 902 boats. The storm also flooded crop fields, destroying 20,380 tons of wheat. Across Zhejiang, 2.2 million houses and 38.5% of the main roads were damaged during the storm. Nationwide, Wanda killed 4,935 people and injured 16,617 others.[2]

Typhoon AmyEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 2 – August 6
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 08WEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 7 – August 10
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon BabsEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 10 – August 19
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon CharlotteEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 25 – September 2
Peak intensity205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon DinahEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 28 – September 5
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Dinah was formed on August 25. The storm increased rapidly before hitting northern Taiwan. The typhoon made landfall on Fujian before turning through China and North Korea. It dissipated over the Soviet Union/Russia on September 5.

Typhoon EmmaEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 1 – September 11
Peak intensity250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Emma was a powerful typhoon that brought 145 mph (230 km/h) winds and 22 inches (560 mm) of rain to Okinawa (then the US territory of the Ryukyu Islands) and South Korea. Emma left 77 people dead and over $8 million (1956 USD) in damage. Forming from a tropical disturbance near the Mariana Islands, Emma churned southwest before gaining typhoon status on September 3. Emma then recurved after reaching category 3 status. Moving west-northwest, Emma reached a peak intensity of 155 mph (250 km/h) as it bypassed Okinawa. Emma also brushed South Korea and Kyushu as a strong category 3 typhoon. On Kyushu, Emma brought 22 inches of rain that caused extensive flooding with left 34 people dead and thousands homeless. On South Korea, Emma sank dozens of ships and wrecked homes and buildings. In all 42 people were dead and 35 missing, most of them are fishermen. On Okinawa, most headed typhoon watches are choosing to evacuate or bolting storm shutters and stowing avay light equipment. A strong rip current had overwhelmed the soldiers and all of the eleven marines drowned. When Emma hit Okinawa, it brought 145 mph (230 km/h) gusts that ripped apart runways and smashed hangars. Heavy rains brought flashfloods that damaged homes and buildings. A total of 1,059 millimetres (41.7 in) fell at Kadena Air Force Base in 21 hours on September 8. The U.S. held island of Okinawa was hard hit by Emma. Numerous planes, runways, and barracks are damaged. Emma left on hat battering island, leaving $8 million (1956 US dollars in damage). Emma then dissipated on September 11. Emma was one of the several typhoons that cause significant damage to Okinawa during the mid-1950s.

Typhoon FredaEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 13 – September 20
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Freda hit Taiwan and China. Its remnants spread all the way to the Alaskan Islands.

Typhoon GildaEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 17 – September 24
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  936 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon HarrietEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 19 – September 27
Peak intensity205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

Harriet formed on September 19. It was a moderately powerful typhoon that brought heavy and 110 mph winds to Japan. The typhoon destroyed 600 buildings and killed 38 people. Harriet then crossed the Sea of Japan before making the second landfall in South Korea. There, the storm brought heavy rains and gusty winds before dissipating on September 27. Harriet killed 53 people and left $50 million (1956) dollars in damage.

Typhoon IvyEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 22 – September 27
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon JeanEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 14 – October 26
Peak intensity250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 18WEdit

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 16 – October 19
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Karen-LucilleEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 9 – November 23
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon MaryEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 16 – November 16
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Mary was a short-lived typhoon that never impacted land.

Typhoon NadineEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 22 – November 25
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Nadine was a typhoon that stalled and then weakened, Nadine never made landfall.

Typhoon OliveEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 24 – November 30
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Olive tracked across the Philippines as a hurricane.

Typhoon PollyEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationDecember 7 – December 10
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

The last storm of the season, Polly formed on December 7. It reached its peak intensity with 105 mph winds. It made landfall in Philippines as a category 2 typhoon and this made Polly to weaken to a tropical storm and dissipated. On Philippines, Polly brought 105 mph winds and 11 inch rains in the Philippines on December 8. The typhoon killed 79 people and left $2.5 million (1956 dollars) in damage.

Storm namesEdit

These are the names used in 1956. This is the same used in the 1952 season, with the exception of Jean, Lucille and Nadine which replaced Jeanne, Lois and Nona.

  • Sarah
  • Thelma
  • Vera
  • Wanda
  • Amy
  • Babs
  • Charlotte
  • Dinah
  • Emma
  • Freda
  • Glida
  • Harriet
  • Ivy
  • Jean
  • Karen
  • Lucille
  • Mary
  • Nadine
  • Olive
  • Polly

See alsoEdit

ResourcesEdit

  1. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (June 1, 1989). "RSMC Best Track Data - 1951-1959". Archived from the original (TXT) on March 22, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Peijun Shi, ed. (2016). Natural Disasters in China. Nature. p. 123-126. ISBN 9783662502709.

External linksEdit