1955 Pacific typhoon season

The 1955 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1955, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

1955 Pacific typhoon season
1955 Pacific typhoon season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJanuary 1, 1955
Last system dissipatedDecember 18, 1955
Strongest storm
NameClara
 • Maximum winds285 km/h (180 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure919 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions39
Total storms31
Typhoons20
Super typhoons4 (unofficial)
Total fatalitiesUnknown
Total damageUnknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1955 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Fleet Weather Center on Guam.

SystemsEdit

Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale

The rest of the storms, such as unnumbered and unnamed tropical depressions and storms, are only classified by the CMA while the JMA is sometimes rare before the 1960s - 1970s.

Typhoon VioletEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJanuary 1 – January 6
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

JMA Tropical Storm TwoEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
DurationFebruary 23 – February 28
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon WildaEdit

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationMarch 21 – March 29
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Forming in an area full of islands, Wilda moved up into the open ocean where it reached typhoon strength. Shortly after, Wilda peaked in intensity as a lower-end category 2 cyclone. Wilda soon made a turn and began to weaken. Soon enough, Wilda had weakened under typhoon strength and dissipated on March 29.

Typhoon AnitaEdit

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationApril 17 – April 28
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  977 hPa (mbar)

Anita formed as a tropical depression on April 17. Anita entered a phase of warm waters, and it rapidly intensified to a category 1 typhoon and even a category 2 typhoon later. Anita encountered on a phase of cool waters, and as a result, it gradually weakened. Anita but re-intensified into a category 1 typhoon on April 20. However, it weakened again on April 22 but again re-intensified to a category 1 and even a category 2 typhoon later. Anita reached its peak intensity as a category 3 typhoon. Anita encountered a strong wind shear and because of this, Anita rapidly weakened to a tropical storm. Anita weakened to a tropical depression on April 25. Later, Anita loses its identity and dissipated.

Typhoon BillieEdit

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJune 2 – June 7
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  988 hPa (mbar)

JMA Typhoon SixEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJune 23 – June 28
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  982 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon ClaraEdit

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 5 – July 17
Peak intensity250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  919 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon DotEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 12 – July 17
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon EllenEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 15 – July 27
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 09WEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 17 – July 23
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon FranEdit

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 18 – July 21
Peak intensity215 km/h (130 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

On July 18, a tropical depression formed southeast of Japan. It entered a phase of favorable environments and was soon upgraded into a tropical storm and named Fran. Fran then moved into a favorable environment and Fran was upgraded into a category 1 typhoon. Intensification occurred and Fran intensified from a category 1 to 4 typhoon and reached its peak intensity. After peaking in intensity, unfavorable environments made Fran to start a weakening trend. On July 20, Fran weakened to a category 2 typhoon and later weakened to a category 1 typhoon and even as a strong tropical storm. On July 21 of noon, Fran weakened to a tropical depression, and soon encountered with strong wind shear and dissipated. Fran became extratropical on July 21, before moving further to the east and dissipated on July 23.

JMA Tropical Storm TwelveEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
DurationJuly 22 – July 24
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon GeorgiaEdit

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 23 – July 29
Peak intensity215 km/h (130 mph) (1-min)  945 hPa (mbar)

JMA Tropical Storm FifteenEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
DurationAugust 2 – August 7
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon HopeEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 2 – August 17
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression formed east of Philippines on August 2. It intensified to a tropical storm in the next day and named Hope. Hope intensified into a category 1 hurricane while at the south of Japan. It weakened to a tropical storm and the storm turned to the north and intensified into a category 1 again.

It was downgraded to a tropical storm and turned northeast before it slowed down. Hope became extratropical on August 17. Shortly after, the remnants hit the south of Kamchatka Peninsula and dissipated.

JMA Tropical Storm SixteenEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
DurationAugust 5 – August 14
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

JMA Tropical Storm SeventeenEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
DurationAugust 10 – August 12
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

17W is a short tropical storm that never affected land.

JMA Tropical Storm EighteenEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 10 – August 12
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon IrisEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 19 – August 25
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon JoanEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 29 – September 4
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  968 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon KateEdit

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 16 – September 26
Peak intensity250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon LouiseEdit

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 20 – September 30
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Louise formed on September 20 as a weak tropical depression. It intensified into a tropical storm and even a typhoon later. Wind shear quickly decreased and sea surface temperatures began to rise and Louise rapidly intensified into a category 5 super typhoon. However, the process of eyewall replacement cycle caused Louise to weaken. Louise weakened to a category 2 typhoon and it started to affect the Kyūshū island of Japan and even weakened to a category 1 typhoon and affected Japan. Louise dissipated on September 30. On Kyūshū island, 54 people were killed and 14 went missing.

Typhoon MargeEdit

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 27 – October 5
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  964 hPa (mbar)

JMA Tropical Storm Twenty-fourEdit

Tropical storm (JMA)
DurationOctober 1 – October 7
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  1003 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 17WEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 3 – October 8
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon NoraEdit

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 4 – October 13
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon OpalEdit

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 15 – October 23
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  982 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 20WEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 22 – October 27
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon PatsyEdit

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 25 – December 4
Peak intensity250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Patsy started on its life as a tropical depression on November 25. It hit Philippines as a tropical storm. It moved out of area before intensifying into Typhoon Patsy. Patsy reached its peak intensity before undergoing an eyewall replacement cycle and started to weaken.

Typhoon RuthEdit

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationDecember 12 – December 18
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Storm namesEdit

The following names listed here are names of the 1955 Pacific Typhoon Season.

  • Violet
  • Wilda
  • Anita
  • Billie
  • Clara
  • Dot
  • Ellen
  • Fran
  • Georgia
  • Hope
  • Iris
  • Joan
  • Kate
  • Louise
  • Marge
  • Nora
  • Opal
  • Patsy
  • Ruth

See alsoEdit