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The 1954 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1954, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

1954 Pacific typhoon season
1954 Pacific typhoon season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedMarch 1, 1954
Last system dissipatedDecember 26, 1954
Strongest storm
NameIda
 • Maximum winds280 km/h (175 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure890 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions33
Total storms19
Typhoons15
Super typhoons5 (unofficial)
Total fatalities1,530
Total damageUnknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1954 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Fleet Weather Center on Guam.

SystemsEdit

Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale 

Tropical Storm 01WEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationMarch 1 – March 4
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon ElsieEdit

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationMay 5 – May 12
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  945 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon FlossieEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 4 – July 10
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon GraceEdit

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 11 – August 19
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Grace struck the Southern Japanese islands of Kyūshū and Shikoku. 28 people were killed and 33 were missing.[1]

Typhoon HelenEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 11 – August 17
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon IdaEdit

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 18 – August 31
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  890 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 07WEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 20 – August 26
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 08WEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
  
DurationAugust 28 – August 31
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon KathyEdit

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 28 – September 8
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon JuneEdit

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 4 – September 15
Peak intensity240 km/h (150 mph) (1-min)  910 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon June struck the Southern Japanese hitting the area west of Kanto especially hard. 107 people were killed and 39 were missing.[2]

Typhoon LornaEdit

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 11 – September 19
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Lorna brushed the southern coast of the Japanese island of Shikoku. 34 people were killed and 20 were missing.[3]

Typhoon MarieEdit

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 19 – September 28
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  956 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Marie had a minimum pressure of 956 mb and a maximum windspeeds of 85 mph. Marie crossed the southern islands of Kyūshū and Shikoku before turning northeast and striking Hokkaidō island. Marie caused the ship Toya Maru to sink in the Tsugaru Strait. 1,361 people were killed and 400 were left missing.[4] Due to this disaster, the typhoon is known in Japan as the Toya Maru Typhoon.[5]

Typhoon NancyEdit

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 30 – October 13
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon OlgaEdit

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 12 – October 19
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 15WEdit

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 24 – October 26
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon PamelaEdit

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 27 – November 8
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  900 hPa (mbar)

On October 27, Typhoon Pamela formed as a tropical depression. Pamela reached a peak of 900 mbar and 175 mph on November 1 and reached a secondary peak of 935 mbars on November 5. Pamela was one of three storms that reached Category 5 super typhoon status in the South China Sea, with others being Typhoon Rammasun of 2014 at 160 mph within 25 km east of Hainan island, and Typhoon Meranti of 2016, at 190 mph in the South China Sea within 100 km southwest of Taiwan.

Gusts at landfall just to the west of Macau reached 175 km/h in Waglan Island and 155 km/h in Hong Kong Observatory which were the strongest since November 10, 1900 when the mean hourly wind speed reached 113 km/h (71 mph or 61 kts) at the Royal Observatory in Tsim Sha Tsui, in par with Typhoon Gloria.

Typhoon RubyEdit

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 2 – November 11
Peak intensity270 km/h (165 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon SallyEdit

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 10 – November 20
Peak intensity280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon TildaEdit

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 22 – December 1
Peak intensity230 km/h (145 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Storm namesEdit

  • Elsie
  • Flossie
  • Grace
  • Helen
  • Ida
  • June
  • Kathy
  • Lorna
  • Marie
  • Nancy
  • Olga
  • Pamela
  • Ruby
  • Sally
  • Tilda

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Digital Typhoon: Disaster Information
  2. ^ Digital Typhoon: Disaster Information
  3. ^ Digital Typhoon: Disaster Information
  4. ^ Digital Typhoon: Disaster Information
  5. ^ "洞爺丸台風 昭和29年(1954年9月24日~9月27日" (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved September 28, 2018.