1945 French legislative election in Dahomey and Togo

Elections to the French National Assembly were held in French Dahomey and French Togoland on 21 October 1945. The territory elected two seats to the Assembly via two electoral colleges. French missionary Francis Aupiais of the Popular Republican Movement was elected from the first college and Sourou-Migan Apithy in the second,[1] but Aupiais died before taking office.[2]

BackgroundEdit

Some residents of French Togoland opposed attempts to entrench French rule by allowing elections to the French National Assembly in what was a League of Nations mandate rather than a French colony. Petitions against French policy were sent to the United Nations by the Ewe, who sought to be reunited with their brethren in British Togoland.[3]

CampaignEdit

Despite having left Dahomey seventeen years before the elections, Aupiais remained a popular figure in Dahomey, even amongst animists.[3] His former pupil Sourou-Migan Apithy benefitted from his association with Aupiais, although he had also become an important figure in his own right through his work on the Monnerville Commission,[3] which had reported on the future of the French colonies.

ResultsEdit

First CollegeEdit

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Francis AupiaisPopular Republican Movement52350.0059954.65
Robert Agier25324.1949745.35
Bourgeois11611.09
Bourjac848.03
Appert706.69
Total1,046100.001,096100.00
Valid votes1,04697.941,09699.37
Invalid/blank votes222.0670.63
Total votes1,068100.001,103100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,27483.831,27986.24
Source: De Benoist[4]

Second CollegeEdit

CandidateVotes%
Sourou-Migan Apithy6,60076.42
Casimir d'Almeida6437.44
Robert Sanvée5486.34
Hyacinthe da Sila2412.79
Sylvestre Kponton1932.23
Antonio d'Almeida1752.03
Paulin Norward1351.56
Louis Ignacio-Pinto1021.18
Total8,637100.00
Valid votes8,63795.36
Invalid/blank votes4204.64
Total votes9,057100.00
Registered voters/turnout11,59978.08
Source: De Benoist[4]

AftermathEdit

Following the elections, Senegalese MP Lamine Guèye attempted to persuade all the African MPs to form an African Bloc, which would be affiliated with the SFIO. Although the attempt failed, Apithy did sit with the SFIO.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Erster Halbband, p529 (in German)
  2. ^ Aupiais, Francis (1877-1945) Boston University School of Theology
  3. ^ a b c Edward Mortimer (1969) France and the Africans 1944–1960: A political history, Faber, p66
  4. ^ a b Joseph-Roger de Benoist (1982) Afrique occidentale française de 1944 à 1960, pp522–523
  5. ^ Mortimer, p72