Amadou Lamine-Guèye (20 September 1891 in Médine, French Sudan – 10 June 1968 in Dakar) was a Senegalese politician who became leader of the Parti Sénégalais de l'Action Socialiste ("Senegalese Party of Socialist Action"). In 1945 he and his associate, Léopold Sédar Senghor, were elected to represent Senegal in the French National Assembly. Gueye was also elected to the French Senate in 1958.

Amadou Lamine-Guèye
Lamine-Guèye (pictured centre) at a meeting of Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie in 1967
1st President of the National Assembly (Senegal)[1]
In office
1960 – June 10, 1968
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byAmadou Cissé Dia
Senator (France)
In office
8 June 1958 – 15 July 1959
French MP Senegal
In office
10 November 1946 – 4 July 1951
Serving with Léopold Senghor
Personal details
Born(1891-09-20)September 20, 1891
Médine, French Sudan
DiedJune 10, 1968(1968-06-10) (aged 76)
Dakar, Senegal
Political partySenegalese Party of Socialist Action
Other political
French Section of the Workers' International
RelativesLamine Guèye (grandson)

He gave his name to the 1946 Lamine Guèye law [fr] (Loi Lamine Guèye) which granted French citizenship to all inhabitants of France's overseas colonies.

Early life edit

Amadou Lamine-Guèye was born in Médine, French Sudan (now part of Mali), on 20 September 1891. He was educated in France, where he graduated as a lawyer in 1921.[2] He was the first African with a doctorate in French law.[3]

Political career edit

Mural of Lamine-Guèye in Dakar, Senegal

Upon his return to Africa, Guèye founded a political party[clarification needed] and became mayor of Saint-Louis, Senegal, in 1924.[2]

He became leader of the French Socialist Party in Senegal in 1937, and was elected as one of two Senegalese representatives to the National Assembly alongside Léopold Senghor in 1944. He was elected once again the following year, and also became mayor of Dakar.[2] Guèye pursued what would become known as the Lamine Guèye law [fr] (Loi Lamine Guèye), which sought to give equal rights to all natives of French overseas territories. This was enacted on May 7, 1946.[4]

Lamine-Gueye was an advocate for Senegalse assimilation with France.[5] He was antifascist and pro-women's rights.[3]

Guèye lost his seat in the Assembly in 1951 elections after Senghor left to form his own party. Guèye reconciled with Senghor, and was once again elected in 1958. A year later, he was elected as the first President of the independent National Assembly of Senegal.[2]

Death edit

He died in Dakar on 10 June 1968. At the time, he was the President of the National Assembly.[6]

Family and private life edit

He was the grandfather of Senegalese alpine skier Lamine Guèye.[7]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Assemblée nationale - Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement Sénégalais". May 12, 2019. Archived from the original on May 12, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Lamine-Gueye Biography". Bookrags. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b Lawrence, Adria K. (2013). Imperial Rule and the Politics of Nationalism: Anti-Colonial Protest in the French Empire. Cambridge University Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-107-03709-0.
  4. ^ "La Loi Lamine Gueye de 7 Mai 1946 Qui Fit Des Camrounais Des Citoyens Francais et la Reaction Hostile de Charles de Gaulle" (in French). Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  5. ^ Lawrence, Adria K. (2013). Imperial Rule and the Politics of Nationalism: Anti-Colonial Protest in the French Empire. Cambridge University Press. p. 3. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139583732. ISBN 978-1-107-03709-0.
  6. ^ "Senegalese Speaker Dies". Liberian Star 1968-06-11: 1.
  7. ^ "Le billet de Paul Wermus : Lamine Gueye" Archived 2008-05-03 at the Wayback Machine, France Soir, April 23, 2008

External links edit