Amadou Lamine-Guèye (20 September 1891 in Médine, French Sudan – 10 June 1968 in Dakar) was a Senegalese politician who became leader of the Parti Sénégalais de l'Action Socialiste ("Senegalese Party of Socialist Action"). In 1945 he and his associate, Léopold Sédar Senghor, were elected to represent Senegal in the French National Assembly. Gueye was also elected to the French Senate in 1958.
|1st President of the National Assembly (Senegal)|
1960 – June 10, 1968
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Amadou Cissé Dia|
8 June 1958 – 15 July 1959
|French MP Senegal|
10 November 1946 – 4 July 1951
Serving with Léopold Senghor
|Born||September 20, 1891|
Médine, French Sudan
|Died||June 10, 1968 (aged 76)|
|Political party||Senegalese Party of Socialist Action|
|French Section of the Workers' International|
|Relatives||Lamine Guèye (grandson)|
He gave his name to the 1946 Lamine Guèye law (Loi Lamine Guèye) which granted French citizenship to all inhabitants of France's overseas colonies.
Early life edit
Amadou Lamine-Guèye was born in Médine, French Sudan (now part of Mali), on 20 September 1891. He was educated in France, where he graduated as a lawyer in 1921. He was the first African with a doctorate in French law.
Political career edit
He became leader of the French Socialist Party in Senegal in 1937, and was elected as one of two Senegalese representatives to the National Assembly alongside Léopold Senghor in 1944. He was elected once again the following year, and also became mayor of Dakar. Guèye pursued what would become known as the Lamine Guèye law (Loi Lamine Guèye), which sought to give equal rights to all natives of French overseas territories. This was enacted on May 7, 1946.
Guèye lost his seat in the Assembly in 1951 elections after Senghor left to form his own party. Guèye reconciled with Senghor, and was once again elected in 1958. A year later, he was elected as the first President of the independent National Assembly of Senegal.
Family and private life edit
See also edit
- "Assemblée nationale - Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement Sénégalais". May 12, 2019. Archived from the original on May 12, 2019.
- "Lamine-Gueye Biography". Bookrags. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Lawrence, Adria K. (2013). Imperial Rule and the Politics of Nationalism: Anti-Colonial Protest in the French Empire. Cambridge University Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-107-03709-0.
- "La Loi Lamine Gueye de 7 Mai 1946 Qui Fit Des Camrounais Des Citoyens Francais et la Reaction Hostile de Charles de Gaulle" (in French). Camber.be. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Lawrence, Adria K. (2013). Imperial Rule and the Politics of Nationalism: Anti-Colonial Protest in the French Empire. Cambridge University Press. p. 3. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139583732. ISBN 978-1-107-03709-0.
- "Senegalese Speaker Dies". Liberian Star 1968-06-11: 1.
- "Le billet de Paul Wermus : Lamine Gueye" Archived 2008-05-03 at the Wayback Machine, France Soir, April 23, 2008