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Federal elections were held in Australia on 14 November 1925. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 22 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist–Country coalition, led by Prime Minister Stanley Bruce, defeated the opposition Labor Party led by Matthew Charlton.

1925 Australian federal election

← 1922 14 November 1925 (1925-11-14) 1928 →

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
22 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
  First party Second party
  StanleyBruce2.jpg Matthew Charlton 1925.jpg
Leader Stanley Bruce Matthew Charlton
Party Nationalist/Country coalition Labor
Leader since 9 February 1923 16 May 1922
Leader's seat Flinders (Vic.) Hunter (NSW)
Last election 40 seats 29 seats
Seats won 51 seats 23 seats
Seat change Increase11 Decrease6
Percentage 53.80% 46.20%
Swing Increase2.60% Decrease2.60%

Australia 1925 federal election.png
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an IRV election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

Prime Minister before election

Stanley Bruce
Nationalist/Country coalition

Subsequent Prime Minister

Stanley Bruce
Nationalist/Country coalition

Compulsory voting for federal elections was introduced in 1924 and first used in the 1925 elections, where 91.4% of the electorate cast a vote, compared to 59.4% at the 1922 elections.

Contents

CampaignEdit

Prime Minister Stanley Bruce was a supporter of the White Australia Policy, and made it an issue in his campaign for the 1925 Australian Federal election.[1]

It is necessary that we should determine what are the ideals towards which every Australian would desire to strive. I think those ideals might well be stated as being to secure our national safety, and to ensure the maintenance of our White Australia Policy to continue as an integral portion of the British Empire.[1] We intend to keep this country white and not allow its people to be faced with the problems that at present are practically insoluble in many parts of the world.[2]

ResultsEdit

 
  Labor: 23 seats
  Nationalist: 37 seats
  Country : 13 seats
  Independent: 2 seats

House of RepresentativesEdit

House of Reps (IRV) — 1925–28 — Turnout 91.39% (CV) — Informal 2.36%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Nationalist–Country coalition 1,551,760 53.20 N/A 50 N/A
  Nationalist  1,238,397 42.46 +7.23 37 +11
  Country  313,363 10.74 –1.82 13 –1
  Labor 1,313,627 45.04 +2.74 23 –6
  Independents 51,251 1.76 –2.80 2 +1
  Total 2,916,638     75
Two-party-preferred (estimated)
  Nationalist–Country coalition WIN 53.80 N/A 51 N/A
  Labor 46.20 −2.60 23 –6

Notes
Popular Vote
Labor
45.04%
Nationalist
42.46%
Country
10.74%
Others
1.76%
Two Party Preferred Vote
Coalition
53.80%
Labor
46.20%
Parliament Seats
Coalition
68.00%
Labor
30.67%
Others
2.67%

SenateEdit

Senate (P BV) — 1925–28 — Turnout 91.31% (CV) — Informal 6.96%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Nationalist–Country coalition 1,537,282 54.81 N/A 22 28 N/A
  Nationalist  1,272,127 45.35 +9.12 18 24 0
  Country  265,155 9.45 –3.53 4 4 +4
  Labor 1,262,912 45.02 –0.67 0 8 –4
  Independents 4,808 0.17 –1.87 0 0 0
  Total 2,805,002     22 36

Seats changing handsEdit

Seat Pre-1925 Swing Post-1925
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Angas, SA   Labor Moses Gabb 8.0 8.3 0.3 Walter Parsons Nationalist  
Balaclava, Vic   Liberal William Watt 100.0 30.3 19.7 William Watt Nationalist  
Barker, SA   Liberal Malcolm Cameron 2.3 9.3 11.6 Malcolm Cameron Nationalist  
Barton, NSW   Labor Frederick McDonald 7.6 8.6 1.0 Thomas Ley Nationalist  
Boothby, SA   Liberal Jack Duncan-Hughes 4.7 2.9 7.6 Jack Duncan-Hughes Nationalist  
Darwin, Tas   Country Joshua Whitsitt 0.4 10.9 10.5* George Bell Nationalist  
Denison, Tas   Labor David O'Keefe 0.4 2.6 2.2 John Gellibrand Nationalist  
Gwydir, NSW   Labor Lou Cunningham 0.1 3.2 3.1 Aubrey Abbott Country  
Kennedy, Qld   Labor Charles McDonald N/A 100.0 100.0 Grosvenor Francis Nationalist  
Kooyong, Vic   Liberal John Latham 0.6 18.3 17.7 John Latham Nationalist  
Wakefield, SA   Liberal Richard Foster 5.3 9.5 14.8 Richard Foster Nationalist  
Wannon, Vic   Labor John McNeill 0.8 4.8 4.0 Arthur Rodgers Nationalist  
Wimmera, Vic   Country Percy Stewart 21.2 77.8 27.8 Percy Stewart Independent  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.
  • *Figure is Nationalist versus Labor.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "ISSUES OF THE ELECTIONS". The Age (21, 999). Victoria, Australia. 6 October 1925. p. 11. Retrieved 9 December 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ Bowen, James; Bowen, Margarita (2002). The Great Barrier Reef: History, Science, Heritage. Cambridge University Press. p. 301. ISBN 0-521-82430-3. Retrieved 24 January 2008.
  3. ^ "Kennedy Seat". Brisbane Courier. 14 November 1925. p. 7. Retrieved 19 July 2010.

ReferencesEdit