William Watson (Australian politician)

William Watson (22 October 1864 – 21 December 1938) was an Australian businessman and politician. He was an independent member of the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Fremantle as an independent from 1922 to 1928 and 1931 to 1934.

William Watson
William Watson (Australia).jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Fremantle
In office
16 December 1922 – 9 October 1928
Preceded byReginald Burchell
Succeeded byJohn Curtin
In office
19 December 1931 – 7 August 1934
Preceded byJohn Curtin
Succeeded byJohn Curtin
Personal details
Born(1864-10-22)22 October 1864
Campbells Creek, Victoria
Died21 December 1938(1938-12-21) (aged 74)
NationalityAustralian
Political partyIndependent (1922–28)
UAP (1931–34)
OccupationVarious

Watson was born in Campbells Creek, Victoria and was educated at Guildford State School. He left school at 13 and was variously a manual labourer, miner, navvy, bricklayer, plasterer, axeman, dairyman, farmer and commercial traveller before operating his own grocery shop in Melbourne from 1889 to 1895. In 1895, he moved to Western Australia and settled in Fremantle, where he opened the Watson Supply Stores. Watson's business began with a grocery store and tea room in Fremantle and another store in Perth, but expanded over decades to include a bacon factory and abattoir at Spearwood, butter and dairy factories and a large international export operation in bacon and ham. He also became known as a generous local benefactor, particularly towards returned soldiers after two of his sons were killed in World War I; he made a large donation towards the construction of the Fremantle War Memorial and was made an honorary member of the Fremantle branch of the Returned and Services League.[1][2][3][4][5]

In 1922, he was elected to the Australian House of Representatives as an independent representing the seat of Fremantle. Watson was an outspoken opponent of the party system throughout his career, believing that it "prevented men giving their best service to the country and it made them decidedly dishonest, although they would rather it not be so"; however, politically he usually voted with the conservative parties in the House.[6][7] He held the seat until he retired in 1928, citing his frustration with the political system and his inability to "mitigate the sectional division in parliament".[8][9] He was re-elected to the House in 1931 - defeating Prime Minister of Australia John Curtin - citing his concern about the governmental response to the Great Depression for his decision to return to politics. However, he retired for a final time in 1934, stating that he had decided not to seek re-election unless it was proved to him that it "would be of some definite advantage to the people" if he were to be returned and this had not occurred.[10][11][9]

Watson retired from the business in July 1937 and sold it to his three sons. He died at his home in Peppermint Grove in December 1938 and was buried in the Methodist section of Fremantle Cemetery. [2][1][12][4]

Watson married Eliza Annie Showell on 2 April 1888 at Campbells Creek. They had ten children, with two sons dying in World War I and two daughters also predeceasing them.[5][1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "MR. WILLIAM WATSON". The Argus (Melbourne). Victoria, Australia. 22 December 1938. p. 2. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  2. ^ a b "AFTER 42 YEARS". The West Australian. Western Australia. 7 July 1937. p. 18. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  3. ^ "ON THE FRONT PAGE". Western Mail. Western Australia. 26 May 1932. p. 5. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  4. ^ a b "BUSINESS PIONEER". The West Australian. Western Australia. 22 December 1938. p. 20. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  5. ^ a b "Watson, William (1863–1938)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre for Biography. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  6. ^ Carr, Adam (2008). "Australian Election Archive". Psephos, Adam Carr's Election Archive. Retrieved 30 July 2008.
  7. ^ "I Don't Care". Fremantle Advocate. Western Australia. 15 July 1927. p. 1. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  8. ^ "MEMBER FOR FREMANTLE TO RETIRE". Northern Standard. Northern Territory, Australia. 13 April 1928. p. 7. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  9. ^ a b "PARTY SPIRIT ATTACKED". The West Australian. Western Australia. 9 December 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  10. ^ "WILL NOT STAND". The Maitland Daily Mercury. New South Wales, Australia. 17 August 1934. p. 4. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  11. ^ "FREMANTLE". The West Australian. Western Australia. 21 December 1931. p. 21. Retrieved 24 December 2019 – via Trove.
  12. ^ "Founders and Felons". Metropolitan Cemeteries Board. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Reginald Burchell
Member for Fremantle
1922 – 1928
Succeeded by
John Curtin
Preceded by
John Curtin
Member for Fremantle
1931 – 1934
Succeeded by
John Curtin