The year 1908 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- At Avebury in Wiltshire, England, by Harold St George Gray.
- At Knap Hill in Wiltshire, the first excavation of a causewayed enclosure, begun by Ben and Maud Cunnington.
- First excavations at Samaria begun by a Harvard expedition.
- Sakçagözü excavated by John Garstang.
- Ulugh Beg Observatory is discovered in Samarkand by Russian archaeologist V. L. Vyatkin, having been partly destroyed in 1449.
- A. Hadrian Allcroft - Earthwork of England: Prehistoric, Roman, Saxon, Danish, Norman, and Mediæval.
- Joseph Déchelette begins publishing his Manuel d'Archéologie Préhistorique, Celtique, et Gallo-romaine.
- 3 July: Phaistos Disc.
- 3 August: "La Chapelle-aux-Saints 1", a 56,000- to 47,000-year-old Neanderthal adult male skeleton, is found at La Chapelle-aux-Saints in central France by Amédée and Jean Bouyssonie and L. Bardon.
- A 40,000-year-old Neanderthal boy skeleton is found at Le Moustier in southwest France by Otto Hauser.
- Venus of Willendorf found by Josef Szombath.
- The largest ever coin hoard is found, 150,000 13th century silver pennies in Brussels.
- Daniel Joseph Bangs; Donald Bangs (February 1959). "A Trip to Skeleton Cave". Arizona Highways.
- Gray, H. St. George (19 July 2011). "VI.—The Avebury Excavations, 1908—1922". Archaeologia. 84: 99–162. doi:10.1017/s0261340900013655.
- "Phaistos Disc Discovered". History Channel. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2018.