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Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1885.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science


Newly named basal archosauromorphsEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes
Epicampodon Junior synonym Richard Lydekker Early Triassic Junior objective synonym of Ankistrodon, a member of Proterosuchidae.

Newly named non-avian dinosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Anchisaurus Valid Othniel Charles Marsh Early Jurassic Portland Formation An anchisaurid, a basal member of Anchisauria.
Camptosaurus Valid Othniel Charles Marsh Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian) Morrison Formation A camptosaurid; a member of Ankylopollexia.
Neosodon Valid de la Moussaye Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian) Unnamed unit A possible member of Turiasauria


Name Authors Age Location Notes Images
Cyonasua Ameghino 5 Million years ago It was one of the first placental mammals that came from North America.


  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.